The leadership style is determined as per the specific situation. There are some situations in which the leader manages the crisis without consulting the followers. Thus leadership style is determined as per the demand of the situation (Bradberry, 2015). There are different leadership styles which are commonly followed by the leaders. These leadership styles are such as: autocratic, democratic, transformational, transactional, laissez-faire and charismatic. All these styles are applied by the leaders as per the need of the situations.
Characteristics of the leadership styles
Each category of leadership style possesses different approaches which are required to be followed by the leaders to manage the situation and to lead the people.
Autocratic leadership style
In this form of the leadership style the leaders keeps the authority & responsibility in his or hands. The leader makes decision without taking any help from the followers. The leader communicates the decisions to the employees and expects the subordinate to implement the decisions quickly. There is no flexibility in this kind of leadership style (Kannair, 2007)
Democratic leadership style
The democratic leadership style focuses on involving the followers in the process of the decision making. The leader remains in the center of all activities and his or her followers contribute to the leader. The final responsibility remains with the leader but the leader delegates authority to the followers to take decision in the progress of the workplace culture. In this style of leadership, the culture of fairness, competence, creativity, honesty and intelligence are found.
Transformational leadership style
It is one of the most important leadership styles in the modern organisation. The leadership style focuses on making initiation for the changes in the organisation and in groups. The transformational leader is popular for motivating people to contribute more in comparison to the intended output (Walton, 2008). The higher performance is achieved by setting more challenging expectations.
Laissez-faire leadership style
It gives the employees authority and they are allowed to work without being interfered. The leadership style is found in the situation where the leader gets least satisfaction. The subordinates get more advantage to take decisions for their own jobs.
Transactional leadership style
The transactional leadership style focuses on achieving the goals in the process of the exchange. The followers are awarded for executing the vision of the leader. The followers get rewards and in the opposite situations they followers are given punishment for doing their job. The leadership style focuses more on the need of clarifying the expectation of the performance of the followers. It also explains how to achieve the expectations (Sandel, 2009). The style allocates rewards that meet the objective of the organisation.
Charismatic leadership style
The charismatic leadership style refers to the ability of the leader to make a transfer of the values & beliefs of the followers. To become a charismatic, one requires having a structure of specific attitudes.
Apart from the above six important leadership styles a leader requires to be a visionary. The leader requires possessing outstanding ability to transform the vision into reality. The modern organisations are based on corporate and global culture. The employees of the organisation are from the different cultures. The leader requires dealing the employees from the different culture and focusing more on understanding people and their expectations (Greyvenstein & Cilliers, 2012). This will help the leaders to lead the people in the right direction. Motivating people to accept the change and the culture of the organisation is one of the important styles of the leaders. The leader requires motivating people by fulfilling their expectations and supporting them to excel both in their social and professional life.
The leader exhibits different styles as per the need of the situations. A true leader understands the situation and utilizes the knowledge and intelligence as per the demand of the situation. The success of the organisation depends on how the leader leads the people in different situations. The different leadership styles educate the leaders to be effective in managing the situations.
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