KNOWLEDGE BASE OF KINDERGARTNER TEACHERS OF LANGUAGE STRUCTURES IN TEACHING READING EFFECTIVELY Essay

Reading is important in the day-to-day activity. It plays a vital part in everyone's life. Even unborn baby in his mothers tummy", he already hears his mother's voice doing storytelling and he will hear different sounds. With that", reading already starts.
Reading is an important language skill and a highly complicated act that everyone must learn. Reading is not solely a single skill but a combination of many skills and processes in which the readers interact with printed words and texts for content and pleasure.
Through reading", one can teach writing", speaking", vocabulary items", grammar", spelling and other language aspects (Nasser Saleh Al-Mansour", 2011).
Many would ask why is reading very important? Some would say that it will help in recognizing things in the surroundings. Still", the answer does not limit from there. According to Davis
(2016)", Reading is the best cheap or free education. It may help to develop the imagination", vocabulary", spelling and fluency of readers. It can help in communicating with other people as well. The more reading is practice", the more your memory improves. Most of all", reading makes you smarter. A person who knows how to read can educate themselves in any area of life they are interested in. They live in an age where there is an overflow of information", but reading is the main way to take advantage of it (Davis", 2016).
A child should be taught to love reading starting in the very young age. If he starts reading even the simple
ABC in the early stage of his life and becomes a habit", he can bring this up as he grows old and has a family on his own. He can pass it on to generations to generations.
Furthermore", reading is fundamental in developing a good self image. Non-readers or poor readers often have low opinions of themselves and their abilities. Many times they feel as if the world is against them. They feel isolated and behavior problems can surface. They can perform poorly in other subjects because they cannot read and understand the material. Often the reader tends to
"give up." (Davis", 2016) Roughly
85% of children diagnosed with learning difficulties have a primary problem with reading and related language skills. Most children with reading disabilities can become proficient readers and can learn strategies for success in school. When a child's reading disability is identified early", that child is more likely to learn strategies that will raise his or her reading to grade level (The
Importance of Reading", 2015). Reading is considered as an area of learning that deserves much attention in which Reading is essential to the success in all academic subjects (Bacasin", 2011).
In
US", Section 1201 of the No Child Left Policy of 2001 states that the state will provide assistance to State educational agencies and local educational agencies in establishing reading programs for students in kindergarten through grade 3 that are based on scientifically based reading research", to ensure that every student can read at grade level or above not later than the end of grade 3. Along with this", teachers are also provided assistance through professional development for them to identify specific reading barriers facing their students and so the teachers have the tools to effectively help their students learn to read.
In the Philippines", there were several programs implemented by the Department of
Education to make every Filipino child a reader. One of this is ECARP (Every
Child is a Reader)", which designed to equip elementary pupils with strategic reading and writing skills to make them independent young reader and writers.
As for teachers", they are given seminars and trainings for their professional development not only for Kindergartner Teachers but all teachers in all grade level. At present", teachers are recommended to have units in Masteral Degree or even Doctoral Degree for them to enhance or even be fully equipped in the teaching field.
According to Malala Yousafzai's speech to UN General Assembly 2013 quoted “One child", one teacher", one book and one pen can change the world. Education is the only solution. Education first” such words have big impact not only to the children and parents but also to the teachers. Teachers are known to be the second parents of our young children. School is their second home where learning is developed and molded to. Because of that", teachers will look for ways so that their pupils will learn the lessons like basic letter sounds and letter names.
But then", if the child does not learn anything despite all the efforts have done.
You will then suspect him having any disability that hinders his learning.
Without knowledge", the teachers' strategy or way of teaching or even knowledge of the language may affect the child's chance to learn to read. As they say", no strategy fits to all", for each child is different. Every strategy varies in every child.
A teacher has a big impact as well in the life of his pupil. It is either he may motivate the pupil to love learning or the other way around. Still", a teacher has to be competitive to be able to convey the necessary information as expected in the teaching-learning process. The more the teacher is competitive", the more he will motivate a child to learn reading. A competitive teacher can influence a child to love reading;
such teacher can exert effort for the child to learn to read so the child will also does the same as the teacher did. But then", the problem will start if and when the teacher does not know what to do in order for the child to read effectively. He may do several ways in teaching reading", still he may wonder why there are still who cannot read despite of all the efforts being done.
According to Moats", teachers who teach beginning and/or struggling readers need to understand the phonological structure of words (example understanding that the word “cat” is made up of three individual sounds or phonemes: /c/a/t/) and how to direct students' attention to the contracts in speech-sound sequence. (Binks-Cantrell", Joshi", Washburn", 2010).
According to Snow", Burns and Grifin
(1998", 2005)", effective reading teachers are able to implement instruction that is research based", identify struggling readers and differentiate instruction depending on individual students' needs. Therefore", it has been suggested that teachers need to have a solid understanding of basic constructs of English language (Brady & Moats", 1997; Moat", 1994", 2004)
In addition", Wong-Fillmore and Snow (2000) suggested that teachers must know that spoken language is made up of units of different size", including the phoneme
(smallest unit of sound)", the morpheme (smallest unit of distinct meaning)", words and sentences (Binks-Cantrell", Joshi", Washburn", 2010).
Findings also indicates that even though teachers may be literate", experienced and educated in a university setting", they may still lack vital knowledge of basic language structure that is needed to clearly teach beginning readers as well as effectively (Binks-Cantrell", Joshi",
Washburn", 2010).

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