Key Concepts In Event Studies: Clinical Neurophysiology Essay


Discuss about the Key Concepts in Event Studies for Clinical Neurophysiology.


This paper intends to discuss on the music festivals as a form of attraction for the tourists as the music relaxes most people. It also expounds on some of the factors that encourage more attendance to the musical events. Research into this field of music festivals had been previously neglected, but authors have recently acknowledged that music plays a critical role in the research about event management (Abreu-Novais, & Arcodia, 2013). The musical events include performances from various artists their presentations varying from instrumental to verbal performances. Also discussed are some of the difficulties encountered during the organization of the music events.

The factors, affecting the people’s attendance to the music festivals have been explained using the theory of pull and push (Smith, Costello, & Muenchen, 2010). Studies have shown that people will opt for specific attractions due to the forces driving them from within, therefore, looking for exciting experiences from the outside. While sometimes, they are attracted by what the event is offering (Smith, Costello, & Muenchen, 2010). The factors acting from within are seen as the mental forces that drive an individual to attend a certain event in the search for a getaway or relaxation.

The pull factors however, are forces that act from the outside and are brought about by the nature of the product or what an event entails. Some authors have suggested that the internal factors are stronger than the external factors. First an individual feels the urge to attend an event then the specific characteristics aid in deciding the event he/she will go to. The seek-escape theory has also been used to explain the forces that encourage event attendance (Osbaldiston, 2012). This theory indicates that people will attend the events to elude the surroundings they are accustomed to and in return feel good.

Following research, seven major aspects of factors that encourage event attendance have been studied. They are inclusive of socialization which is the most usually identified aspect. Most people attend events with an aim to socialize where they interact with the people they are familiar with and also get to meet new people. Secondly, there is the family togetherness aspect. Studies have shown that it’s the second most powerful dimension as it holds strongly culturally with little significance in the musical and sporting events. Research indicated that the people in the older age group attended events alongside their family members unlike those in, the younger age groups Regan, Carlson, & Rosenberger III, 2012). Also, the females attending were accompanied by more family members than the males.

Thirdly, the newness of an event influenced the level of attendance (Fischer, Luaute, & Morlet, 2010). This was linked to the fact that people want to venture into new experiences at the same time fulfilling their curiosity. This factor of event novelty was associated with aspects such as age, sex and the familiarity of the target group (Fischer, Luaute, & Morlet, 2010).. Studies showed that a greater number of females compared to the males would attend the newly launched events as well as the younger people. Also, the people going to an event for the first time had more regard for it than the people that had been previously attending.

The fourth aspect is the urge to relax and take a break from daily activities. Factors such as an individual’s income, age, and level of literacy influence this dimension of escaping. Research showed that the youths in their early twenties desired to get away from their normal lives as well as those with higher levels of education (Regan, N., Carlson, J., & Rosenberger III, P. J. (2012). Firth in the list is the entertainment and enjoyment aspect. Some studies showed single individuals are more enticed by the idea of attending events than married people.

The desire to delve into different cultures was also seen as an important aspect when it comes to factors that motivate a person to attend an event (Osbaldiston, 2012). This factor mostly encouraged older individuals and visitors mostly those from far places. Finally, the unique attributes associated with an event. In a music festival, for instance, the music playing, or the type of food served in a food event setting.

Some of the difficulties associated with the management of a musical event include; lack of a skillful team, lack of a proper informational flow between the parties involved, the poor division of labor, more workload than the available team stressing out the managers (Hayes, 2014). Also, the event license might be denied a few days before the event date.


Abreu-Novais, M., & Arcodia, C. (2013). Music festival motivators for attendance: Developing an agenda for research. International Journal of Event Management Research, 8(1), 34-48.

Fischer, C., Luaute, J., & Morlet, D. (2010). Event-related potentials (MMN and novelty P3) in permanent vegetative or minimally conscious states. Clinical neurophysiology, 121(7), 1032-1042.

Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. Palgrave Macmillan.

Osbaldiston, N. (2012). Seeking authenticity in place, culture, and the self: The great urban escape. Springer.

Regan, N., Carlson, J., & Rosenberger III, P. J. (2012). Factors affecting group-oriented travel intention to major events. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 29(2), 185-204.

Smith, S., Costello, C., & Muenchen, R. A. (2010). Influence of push and pull motivations on satisfaction and behavioral intentions within a culinary tourism event. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism, 11(1), 17-35.

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