IT is affecting the healthcare industry both internally and externally. Internally, the employees and staffs are benefited from this. The staffs including physicians and nurses can record the data in their software, immediately after diagnosis. This will help them to upgrade the medical condition in the future. The nurses also can monitor the physical condition of the patients with the help of IT integrated tools (Bardhan & Thouin, 2013). Externally patients and other medical suppliers are also benefited from this. Patients are informed with their medical reports after staying in home. Due to various IT healthcare tools, the patients can do the needful tests, which should be done for diagnosis. Due to the advanced IT, the medical suppliers and other staffs also help in this medical industry (Yeow & Huat Goh, 2015). The medical suppliers give the information about latest updates in the IT healthcare to the physicians and get their opinion.
Advantage & benefits:
Healthcare IT offers advantages in many levels. They are given below:
Electronic healthcare record is such a record, where all the medical information of the patient will be stored in an IT device, like tablet, laptop etc. Traditionally, the data were recorded manually in the paper, which gives rise to lots of errors while evaluating (Cresswell et al., 2013). However, due to this device, the records will be updated in the device. Thus, the paperwork is reduced.
Reduced Malpractice Claims:
Research shows that due to the advanced IT healthcare system, the number of malpractice claims have fallen from 49 to 2 in the medical practices (Lee et al., 2015).
Before, the lab technician used to get the samples of the patient In general conventional method. It used to take a long time to process the result and to present in front of the doctor (Kellermann & Jones, 2013). However, with the help of this electronic data transfer, the technician gets the data within a fraction of second and they can send the results much faster than before.
Sensors and Wearable technology:
As per the transparency in Market Research report, the market of medical tools is increasing at the rate of 16.4 percent a year. These sensors and wearable medical tools help to get the medical data, which is the aim and actual purpose in healthcare. An example of this type of sensor is a bandage, which can inform about the infection in the wound through changing in skin pH level (Park, 2013). An older patient can send alert to the care provider with the help of this sensor within a fraction of second. There are many wearable tech products, which utilize multiple digital health sensors. These sensors are composed of ambient sensors and other body worn sensors, which are integrated into sensor networks. A smart sensible chip is inserted in these devices. Therefore, the healthcare people get to know about medical information with these data points. The main target of the wearable technology in healthcare is to make profitable and big market by 2020.
An auditing of a patient used to take 3.9 hours in paper auditing system previously. Due to this healthcare IT system, this number has reduced to 1.4 hours (Cresswell & Sheikh, 2013).
According to the research, 82% healthcare professionals are agreed with the fact that electronic health records reduce efforts and save the time (Reis et al., 2013).Risk factors:
Alarm hazards are creating problem for the admitted patients in the hospitals. Due to the alarm hazards, the alarm is ringing at any time in the day (Kohli et al., 2012). This is putting both the patient and the clinical staffs in the danger. The emergency value of a patient is being minimized because of this hazard.
Errors in Data entry:
Sometimes business associate and clinical staffs are entering wrong data of the patients into the devices. This is putting the patient in the danger (Grande, 2014). Because of this wrong information, the patients are getting wrong treatment, which is a disaster in the medical industry.
Complications in robotic surgery:
Now day’s maximum surgeries are done through robotic method. It is completely IT involved. So many accidents can occur at mid of the surgery (Wachter, 2012). It put the life of the patient in danger. Due to lack of proper training or system hazards, these types of accidents occur.
Like any other innovations, the introduction of IT in the healthcare has both advantages and disadvantages. The healthcare community is affected from both the ways (Cresswell & Sheikh, 2013).The researchers are focusing on minimizing these hazards. The devices cannot be operated automatically. It needs the human force to drive. Therefore, the manual operator has to be very much careful about the devices. The devices have to complexity free (Yeow & Huat Goh, 2015). It will help both the physicians and technicians to understand the operating system of the devices. For example, the robotic surgery hazards can be minimized with proper training. Other recommendation will be proper training to the users.
While everyone knows about the impact of the information technology in the healthcare, but still the aim of the complexity management is not achieved through implementing the health care information only. Other managerial and clinical interventions need to accompany the deployment of this technology. Operational and clinical processes must be standardized and re-engineered in such away, that that the activities, which can make the things more complex, will be erased. Certain reward systems like reimbursement reform are necessary that will provide the revenue and incentives to offset the costs of re-engineering and technology. Finally, the leaders must guide and motivate the efforts to modify the functions of the organizations. In health care systems, the complexity should be managed to effect material improvement. Information technology is a crucial contributor in this management.
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