Innovation Trends In Computing And Communication Essay


Discuss about the Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication.



The relation of hacking and IT is as old as they are. It has been more than a century in occurrence of hackers. From early 19th century, issue of hacking was encountered by IT users (Information Technology Law, 2017). In old days, hacking was done in very common ways by sending small harmful programing scripts to users’ computer, through virus attack and by using floppy disks frequently on different computers to spread virus. These all methods had potential to violate system security. Now, the area of hacking has become wider and causes different issues that I will discuss in segment of this report.

Hacking has been implementing for last many years and it is a way to illegally access information from computers without taking permission from its owner. In case of IT, hacking is related to unauthorized access of systems and networks to get confidential information from them (, 2017). To implement this approach malware and other virus attacks are implemented. The main issue here is that hacking can cause high level damages to the networks, computing devices and some other losses of finance, information and reputation of users (, 2017).

Why Hacking is a Threat?

Besides this, hacking is always considered as a big threat for users of information technology. There are several reasons that why hacking is a threat for IT that are listed as below (, 2017):

It is one of the main reasons that hacking is considered as a threat. Hackers spread virus into system by using harmful executable programming scripts. This virus causes problems in functionality of system holistically and it becomes difficult for users to work with system and to control the spreading of virus (Comodo Antivirus Blogs | Anti-Virus Software Updates, 2017). Moreover, with the help of hacking bugs and operational mistakes can be raised into software solutions (, 2017).

Another big threat of hacking is that it causes severe problems for supporting system or network infrastructure in IT (, 2017). Through hacking attacks, it is possible for hackers to raise issues of power failure, loss of communications, network damage and information leakage etc. (Ravi Sharma, 2012). This threat of hacking in information technology leads to system poor performance and loss of resources of information (, 2017).

Another biggest threat is of security and privacy of information (, 2017). Due to accidental hacking attacks, various issues in installation and maintenance of security tools occurs and it raises security issues of information for users. If security tools will not work properly then it will become easier for hackers to conduct attack on networks and computer systems (Dr. Dobb's, 2017). Furthermore, databases can be accessed from remote locations easily by cyber-attackers. This is all happened in absence of security tools system becomes weak and it is easy to violate its security and privacy.

Due to above discuss reasons, hacking has always been a big threat for users of information technology and there is no doubt to say that hacking and phishing attacks has potential to obtain personal information from users of IT. Now from above discussion it is cleared that hacking is a big offence and causes so much damage for IT users. Therefore, some essential preventative approaches must be implemented to get rid of hacking attacks.

What is available to protect against Hacking?

The aim of this report is to identify and discuss a latest and advanced software solution that can provide protection against hacking. The most commonly available software solutions are antivirus software, firewall and anti-spyware software. These solutions must be used by IT users to control hacking attacks (T. Manirathnam, R. Devi, Dr. A. Muthukumaravel, 2014). First of all, if I talk about anti-virus software solution then it is easy to configure into system and it gives alert to users at identification of a virus. Moreover, antivirus software solution can fix virus or bug into system (, 2017). In this case, antivirus is useful for getting prevention against hacking in IT (CNBC, 2017). Another available software solution is firewall. It is an in-built software in operating system that must be in on mode (Schlesinger, 2017). Firewall detects unknown entities that try to enter into system and can cause damage. These entities can enter through any content that is downloaded from different website and it is in form of pop-ups or notifications (Y. Huang, Z. Huang, H. Zhao, X. Lai, 2014). Here, firewall restricts harmful pop-ups and allows users to block these pop-ups. Hackers mostly uses these techniques to access information from users’ systems. Besides this, anti-spyware software solution is also an essential tool that can be used to get prevention from hacking. It is commonly observed that hackers use spyware software to gather personal information of users without their permission. It is a harmful software and it is difficult to remove from system in which it is resided. In this case, anti-spyware software solution is used as a preventative approach of hacking. It is an effective solution to combat spyware. Like firewall and anti-virus, anti-spyware also provides real time protection to its users. So these are some operative solutions to control problems hacking information technology.

Literature Review about Current Software Solution

As I have discussed some commonly used software solutions that are easy to use to resolve problem of hacking IT (Tonge, 2013). But with further analysis, I got to know that according some researchers’ point of view OTP is an emerged solution that can provide better prevention from hacking issues. These researchers work in field of automation and cyber security for protection of data and they truly believe that OTP is an appropriate solution to maintain security and privacy of IT users. In case of online transactions and to perform other online activities on banking and business level websites, security and privacy must be maintained both at developers and users end (More, 2017). In this situation, a solution that we can use is OTP i.e. One Time Password. It is used for authentication of account or for opening any file. There are number of researchers that are working in this field and give assurance that it is a reliable and secure solution to stop hacking in information technology (E. Kalaikavitha etl [14]). These researchers also defines that how OTP is helpful in daily routine to set mobile and system authentication. OTP is generated with the help of a mathematical formulae and after generating OTP it is sent to the user through SMS on his mobile for authentication of his online account (E. Kalaikavitha, J Gnanselvi, 2013). OTP is highly recommended to use in case of mobile banking or internet banking where authentication of user’s account is very much important (Shesashaayee [15]). According to T. Saini [16], a new OTP is generated at every transaction and here genetic algorithm is used with a cryptography approach of elliptic curve. Getting new OTP every time enhances security of online users’ account and they do not need to worry about old passwords (T. Saini, 2014). One Time Password is one of secure techniques of prevention from hacking. The main factor of OTP enhances its efficiency is use of biometric authentication technique that increase security and privacy of users’ account at large extent. Furthermore, use of SHA algorithm is also important aspect of development of OTP. Now whenever any user do online transactions or send any important information regarding user’s account then OTP is highly preferred to use (Lidan Shou, He Bai, Ke Chen, and Gang Chen, 2014). Nowadays, most of the business organizations, banking institutions and ecommerce business organizations are using this software approach to enhance security level of their services for its users. Therefore, after this whole discussion I can say that OTP is an advanced solution that can be used for controlling hacking and phishing attacks (Saranya, T., Shalini, A., Kanchana, A, 2014). It is also defined by OTP developers that phishing attacks can also be controlled with the help of this technique. The use of one time password decreases the risk of security in case of overall process of authentication (M.H. Khan, 2014).

There is no doubt that issues of cyber security are increasing day by day and it is time to resolve these issues by using advanced techniques. Although OTP is considered a better security approach, but there are other detection techniques are also available that can be used by users according to requirements to constrain hacking (A. K. Kushwaha, 2014).


To sum up, I can say that hacking is vulnerable in case of information technology and it can be severe if proper solutions will not be used by developers and users. Therefore, above discussed solutions must be taken into consideration seriously. These prevention approaches will allow users to maintain high level security and privacy of their systems and online accounts. Additionally, before start usage of every security method it will be better to get its fundamental knowledge.


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