Increasing Value Of The Internet Of Things Essay


How Internet Of Things Systems Deploy People And How Internet Of Things Can Grow Into Trusted Eco Friendly System In Cities?

How Internet Of Things Can Be Designed To Prevent People From Exploitation Where In Now Days All Persons Depend On The Devices Of Internet Of Things?

How Internet Of Things Can Be Designed To Make An Encouragement Among The Individuals So That They Can Contribute By Sharing The Infrastructure?



Internet of Things is the devices that are used in daily lives for making our life smart and automatic. Internet of Things is the devices that do their work automatically without any human effort and helps to complete the work with the help of internet. Internet of Things needs a Bluetooth connection, Wi-Fi connection or an Internet connection to establish connection in between them. In this report the details of the Internet of Things are discussed. Their related issues and their application in daily lives are also studied. The drawbacks of the management of Things are studied and the challenges that are faced by the user while using Internet of Things are described elaborately. This report gives a details discussion on Internet of Things and their uses.

Challenges of Internet of Things

The challenges that are faced by Internet of Things are in three sectors. Any new technology that comes in new trend faces challenges in these three sectors (Rymaszewska, Helo & Gunasekaran, 2017). The areas where Internet of Things faces challenges are: technology, society and business. The technologies that are needed to make the Internet of Things faces challenges in security, compatibility, longevity, intelligent action and analysis and also connectivity. The business sector faces challenges that are in mainly three areas- Consumer Internet of Things, Commercial Internet of Things and also in the devices of Internet of Things that are in industrial sector (Ng & Wakenshaw, 2107). The challenges that are faced from the society comes from different sectors which includes customer demands and their requirements, the new devices comes in trend at a very fast pace which faces a challenge in the society. Also the Internet of Things devices are changing and expanding which faces a challenge.

Problems related to Internet Things

The problems related to Internet of Things are the problem with data, problem in connecting with the remote assets and big data challenge.

Problem with Data- The devices of Internet of Things deals with numerous amount of data. All those have to be analyzed and processed in the real time (Gerpott & May, 2016). The problem arises in processing those data in the devices of Internet of Things. The large quantities of data in Internet of Things devices increases in data centers which creates a place for capacity, analytics challenges and faces new security.

Connecting the remote assets- Accounting to Miorandi et al. 2016, the problem arises in Internet of Things device in connecting the assets remotely. The system and devices will be connected and data stream is provided and the management system is decentralized. The location of the devices, activity, status and function of the system and also enables to get the details of the person who owns the device and operates them are all traced by remote access.

The Big Data challenge- To mitigate the challenges that are faced by big data technologies like NoSQL and Hadoop which gives high capacity, parallel processing and scalability.

Technologies of Internet of Things

The technologies of Internet of Things that are enabled are RFID (Radio Frequency Identification), NFC, Bluetooth, LTE-A, Wi-Fi Direct, low energy Bluetooth and also protocols that are oriented with low energy radio (Gubbi et al., 2013). The networking functionality that are specified are supported by these technologies in Internet of Things system in comparison with the common devices and systems.

Application of Internet of Things

There are many areas where the Internet of Things is applied. Here are four real world application of Internet of Things.

  1. Smart Home- Internet of Things is applied to make a home smart and automatic place to live in (Atzori, Iera & Morabito, 2014). Smart Home includes devices of Internet of Things such as automatic light sensor, automatic water controller, Echo Amazon Dot, Smart Phone sensor, lamp light controller, car driveway sensor, automatic lawn sensor, automatic cooker, door sensors, face recognition camera and many more things.
  2. Wearables- The wearables that are used for humans such as fitness band which shows the information about the user’s body. These fitness bands are connected to their smart phones and iPhones that show the data about their blood pressure, bone density and many others.
  3. Connected cars- The Internet of Things has reached to the level where it has invented the automatic digital technology. Connected cars are built so that it understands the comfort of the passengers automatically. This is a car which is driven automatically and maintains all its operation automatically. The car has sensors and internet connectivity which allows the passenger with comfort.
  4. Industrial Internet- This application of Internet of Things is mainly applied in the industrial sector of engineering which includes big data, software and also sensors. These technologies make great machines in the industrial sectors.

Clarification on drawbacks of Internet of Things

The main three concern of Internet of Things are the over reliance of technology, losing jobs and the data breach privacy. Data breach privacy is a great issue in the Internet of Things sector (Borgia, 2014). Mainly the phone data breach creates a main drawback in this area of Internet of Things. Another argument in the Internet of Things is over reliance over the technology. The generation now days has grown up with the internet and technology availability which creates a drawback. Depending on the technology that fully and making decisions on what the technology wants may create a great devastation in human life. The devices of Internet of Things are not fault less or robust. The new generation will totally collapse if the system or the technology they are using collapses. The dependency on the Internet of Things should be made less so that if the system fails, then also all the work can go on smoothly. The increase on Internet of Things devices results in less human interaction (Whitmore, Agarwal & Da Xu, 2015). Machines and technologies having Internet of Things does not need human to regulate them. They are all automated and do their work by their own. So people are losing their job making the state unemployed. This creates a drawback to the Internet of Things devices which initiates loss of jobs.

Issues of Internet of Things

The challenges that are faced by Internet of Things are in three sectors. Any new technology that comes in new trend faces challenges in these three sectors (Granjal, Monteiro & Silva, 2015). The areas where Internet of Things faces challenges are: technology, society and business.

Technology- The technologies that are needed to make the Internet of Things faces challenges in security, compatibility, longevity, standards, intelligent action and analysis and also connectivity.

Security- This involves giving security to the devices of Internet of Things that has taken most of the part in the technology sector (Al-Fuqaha et al, 2015). Hacking of devices should be minimized so that the personal data of the user does not get lost and they do not have to face data breach. The security is the most common issue that is faced by the Internet of Things devices.

Longevity and compatibility- As the passing days, the devices of Internet of Things are facing more competition among the devices that are being invented. The technologies have to be compatible and have to have a long life which will help them to survive in the market. The compatibility issue comes from the cloud services, diversity among the firmware and also in M2M protocols.

Standards- The standard of Internet of Things includes communication protocols, network protocols and also the standards of data aggregation (Turner et al., 2014). The standards that are included are the way to handle, store and process the data that are being collected from the servers. The scale, frequency and scope of the data are involved in the process of data aggregation.

Intelligent action and analysis- This is the last stage of Internet of Things implementation. This is used to extract insights from information for analysis. The analysis is driven from the cognitive technologies and also their accompanying models.

Connectivity- This is the one of the biggest issue faced by Internet of Things and all the present communication tools and underlying technologies will be defied in future for this connectivity. The present connectivity depends on a server client paradigm and is centralized to authorize, connect the nodes at different network and also authenticate those servers.

Business- Business Internet of Things faces problems in legal security and regulatory. Internet of Things is divided into three categories in issues related to business. Consumer Internet of Things includes connected devices like smart phones, smart cars, connected appliance, laptops and many more (Stankovic, 2014). The commercial Internet of Things includes device trackers, medical devices that are connected and inventory control. And lastly the industrial Internet of Things that includes manufacturing robots, pipeline motors and all other connected devices.

One of the most Important Issue of Internet of Things

One of the most important issues that are not discussed in the above discussion is the privacy issue that comes in Internet of Things. This is a unique challenge that is faced by the Internet of Things. The privacy issue is becoming most important factor in the devices of Internet of Things. The devices of the user can be tracked. The tracking devices that are available are for car phone and smart televisions. The device can be hacked and this creates a problem for the user who using the device. This hacking of data from the devices of the customers hampers the privacy of the customer (Sicari et al., 2015). The vision feature and the voice recognition and also the conversation are continuously sends to the cloud service which creates a chance to hack and a third party may get the data or also may alter the information that is being sent. This faces challenge in the privacy law and the data protection law. Some strategies are to be developed so that the privacy is offered to the devices that are used by the customers in this era of new services and technologies.

Impact of Privacy Issues and Applications

The advanced technology that is widely used in this modern world is the Internet of Things that are applied in many sectors such as transportation, smart home, environment monitoring, well being application and also the industry sector. Internet of Things helps the user to make decisions and supervise their surroundings (Riggins & Wamba, 2015). The Internet of Things improves the life of the people and creates new opportunities to the people. It creates a momentum for market competition and also increases the economic growth of the country.

The processing and collecting of data are focused by many researchers in Internet of Things. Novels are also processed and architectures are communicated by other researchers. Wireless sensors are also used to collect the data and also help to process those data and take help of cloud service to store the information. Internet of Things also uses paradigm of big data that helps to analyze and compute the capabilities of those devices.

Reflection on Internet of Things

According to me, Internet of Things is the most modern technology that has evolved in the era of digitization. All generation people, from youth to old take help of this Internet of Things in daily life. All the systems and devices that are used in daily lives are connected to internet and are automated. People are relying on devices of Internet of Things more than anything else to do their every day work. The issues of Internet of Things are to be kept in mind so that data breach does not occur. And in devices should be used to that extend so that it does not becomes our daily habit to use those system. Everyone should make sure that their life can go on without the devices and services that are provided from the Internet of Things.


From the report, a clear view is obtained about the security issues that are faced by the Internet of Things in this world of digitization. This report deals with all the challenges that are faced by Internet of Things, the security issues, relevant technologies, applications of the technologies, clarification on vague areas and research questions. This paper also summarizes the problem that is faced by Internet of Things. The impacts of such issues are also discussed and lastly reflection is given on what is discussed in the paper.


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