Discuss about the Impact of Drug Abuse on Mental Health of Australian teenage People.
The adolescent is the stage of life that influences the individual to try new things without thinking about the outcome. This is the vital stage of life, in which people develop their personality, is also allow the people to see the world from their personal viewpoint. The stage is the most complex and puzzling phase of human life. In this stage of life, people like to take risks to make an impression on their friends. Drug experience also one of the examples of this tendency of teenage people. Drug experiment is making negative effects on the teenage population, in terms of mental and physical health. Australia is the country that has a great problem about drug abuse among people. The teenage people of the country are mostly affected by the same.
There are some strategies that have taken by the government of the country to prevent the use of the drug among teenage people. Fergusson, et al., (2014), observed that most of the teenage people of the country have the problem of depression due to drug abuse. Drug abuse effects on mental health and makes different behavioural problems among teenage people. In this present time the mental health of teenage people is the growing concern of the country, as the teenage people is the base of future citizen. Lancaster & Ritter, (2014), suggested that drug abuse or other addictions like smoking, drinking effect on overall brain development, which leads the mental problems like emotional disorder and depression. In this regard, the research work is influenced to evaluate the impact of drug abuse on the mental health of teenage people of Australia.
The cause of Consumption of drugs:
Drug use by teenage people is the vital apprehension of both the developed and developing countries of the world. Most of the teenage persons like to use drug due to interest on this matter, but there are some other causes for the teenage populace to experience drug effectively. McGovern, et al., (2014), observed that most maltreated children take drugs in the early stage of life for the sense of pleasure through the addiction. They mostly like the early sensation, to feel the sense of pleasure they chose the drug as per the nature of euphoria. As an example, cocaine is the drug that brings the emotional state of self-confidence, energy, and power. Stimulant-like heroin instill the sense of relaxation and fulfillment. Beronio, et al., (2014), argue that teenage population of the country take drugs due to stress related to social anxiety or emotional disorder. Depression among young population of Australia is one of the most substantial causes of drug experiment in the early stage of life. Volkow, et al., (2014), also suggested that curiosity is the most significant reason of commencement of drug abuse in young age. Peer pressure also can be the strong inspiration in this case, as teenage people like to take part in heroic and uncertain activities for making an impression on friends. There is also another vital reason that is teenagers have the tendency to celebrate their liberty from social and parental rules and regulation. This particular mental state of young people influences them to experience drugs, which makes an effect on mental health of teenage people.
The link between drug use and mental health:
Hoge, et al., (2013), stated that who are mentally ill into the country are more likely to use alcohol or drugs. Keyes, (2015), also supported that and said 26.7 % of total mentally ill people take the drug regularly. If an individual takes drugs, he or she may feel lees anxiety and depression but temporarily. Most of the people think that drug abuse helps them to reduce their depression and that take the drug regularly. In reality, drug abuse reduces the feeling of depression from people mind, as a result of euphoria. However, it makes permanent damage of mental health and reduces the power of concentration, which effects on the overall mental development of teenage people. Tang, et al., (2014), also observed that stimulant like cocaine, khat, and ecstasy make the feeling of increased energy, and people takes this type of drug to be more lively and awake. It also provides the feeling of increased stamina and influences the person to do heavy works.
This types of drugs also make harm on mental health by damaging nervous systems of the person; it also leads the problem of depression in a teenage population of the country. On the other hand Bechtold, et al., (2015), mentioned that withdrawal of drug use also makes an effect on mental health of the people. There are some teenage people who want to withdraw the use of the drug and stop taking drugs happily. In this situation, the person faces the problem about visual hallucinations, which is also one of the outcomes of weak mental health. There are different views about the link between mental health and drug abuse so that there is need of primary research to gain more knowledge about the same.
The impact of drug abuse on mental health:
Excessive consumption of a drug or other sustainable use creates an adverse impact on the mental and physical status of the young population living in Australia. The consumption of drugs or other chemical products creates excrement frustration among young people that affects their health and wellbeing. The problem of drug abuse creates bipolar disorder among the teenagers living in different parts of Australia (Herrenkohl, Hong, Klika, Herrenkohl, & Russo, 2013). Exclusion from family creates extreme frustration among leads them to commit criminal activities against family members. Excessive drug intake creates anxiety and extreme depression among the teenagers that affects their mental and physical growth. Drug addiction enhances the chances of hallucination faced by the young people living in Australia.
Lack of support from friends and society generate extreme frustration that increases the chances of drug consumption by teenagers dwelling in different locations of Australia (Fergusson, Horwood, Boden, & Mulder, 2014). The usage of drugs leads to create nerve related problems that create an adverse impact on mental status of people living in the society. Consumptions of psychosis drug increase the chances of delusion faced by the young people living in the country. Drug addicted teenagers also face mood swing problems that create an adverse impact on their mental health. Schizophrenia is another issue faced for taking a high volume of drugs (Fergusson, Horwood, Boden, & Mulder, 2014). Intake of drugs leads to create extreme depression among the young population leads to affect their education process. It creates extreme anger and frustration among the teenagers that affects their mental and physical health status.
Policies for overcoming excessive usage of drug:
The inclusion of effective rules and regulations benefits in preventing the excessive use of drugs by young people living in different parts of Australia. The strategy of controlling the consumption of drug supports in controlling the supply of these drug items in the country (Olfson, Blanco, Wang, Laje, & Correll, 2014). Australian National Council on Drugs (ANCD) focuses on introducing different plans for making the younger population aware of the adverse impact of drug usage that affects the health and wellbeing. The inclusion of awareness programs is effective for reducing excessive consumption of drugs that affects the mental health of people living in society.
The inclusion of national drug strategy is effective for making the younger population aware of the adverse impact of drug consumption. It helps to address the negative impact of consuming drugs that create a negative impact on heat of teenagers living in the country (Sch?berle & Hack, 2014). Incorporation of legal policies also assists in reducing the illegal supply of drugs that creates an adverse impact on the mental and physical wellbeing of people living in the society. Incorporation of drug controlling policy system is effective for reducing the excessive consumption of drugs by teenagers living in Australia. Incorporation of National Alcohol Strategy supports in decreasing excessive consumption of drugs by the young population living in the country (Lancaster & Ritter, 2014). Incorporation of framework supports in reducing the excessive intake of drugs among young population leaving in society. Reduction of supply of drugs supports in controlling health and wellbeing of teenagers living in different locations of Australia.
The purpose of conducting the research:
Underlying purpose behind conducting the research is to understand the impact of excessive consumption of drug on health and wellbeing of teenage people based in Australia. It is important to note in this context that it has become a recent trend that using alcohol or drug can have a firm impact on modifying the behaviour of a human being. It has also become widely accepted in the society. There are many people who drink an excessive amount of tea or coffee in order to use caffeine. In some medical cases also drug has been prescribed by doctors to reduce tension or pain. It is worth to mention that the misuse of the drug is the fundamental reason behind the prevalence of crucial health-related diseases. Hall & Degenhardt, (2014) told that there are more than 10% of teenage people in Australia who are excessively addicted towards the drug.
There is wide range of capsules which are comprised of drug or drug-related components. It is important to undertake drastic action immediately for reducing this malpractice from the society. This research will highlight the fundamental reasons which are leading the teenage people to be extremely addicted towards the drug. The research has been conducted with the aim of evaluating its impact on mental health as well as policies and procedures implemented by the National Council of Australia for overcoming excessive drug consumption from the society.
Research questions have been formed in order to conduct an in-depth analysis of the present research. The research questions are as follows:
- What is the fundamental reason behind tendency among the teenage people to consume an excessive amount of drug?
- What is the relationship in between drug consumption and mental disorder?
- What is the potential impact of excessive drug consumption on mental health related issues?
- What are the policies that have been undertaken within Australia for overcoming this tendency towards the uncontrollable amount of drug?
The research is based on highlighting the impact of drug consumption. Research Methodology is one of the most critical parts of the research. There are several methods which are needed to be adapted for carrying out any research meritoriously. Significant research method includes research approach, research design, research philosophy, and data collection approaches and data analysis. At the same time, research methodology also comprises of sampling technique which has been used in terms of accumulating and scrutinising of the data (Mackey & Gass, 2015) (Taylor, Bogdan, & DeVault, 2015).
Flick, (2015) commented that core purpose behind conducting any research is to satisfy predetermined research objectives. The researcher must be committed to understanding the purpose of the research in the initial stage of the study. The researcher must give the answer to the research question with the aim of ensuring successful conduction of the research. One of the most significant advantages of determining the purpose of the research it permits the researcher in accompanying the study in a methodical manner. In addition to that identification of the purpose of the research also allows reflecting the objective of the research with the highest rationality.
Research philosophy basically concerned with nature and progression of the information that will be collected while conducting the research. Research philosophy helps to reflect the perception the researchers about the data collection method. The inclusion of research philosophy empowers the researchers to reflect their assumptions properly. These reflected assumptions provide a basis for the selection of the research strategy for the study (Vaioleti, 2016). In other words, research philosophy basically deals with the development and foundation of the research along with various facets of the study. As per the research onion, there are three different parts of research philosophy which include positivism, interpretivism, and realism. In the present study, the researcher has chosen positive philosophy to conduct the research in a systematic manner. It is important to satisfy the objectives of the study. Consequently, positivism philosophy will assist to satisfy the objectives of the study without any interruption.
One of the crucial parts of research methodology is research approach which supports to control the development level of the research. With the assistance of research approach, the researchers become able to frame the entire course of the study and thereby ensure that the study has been completed within the deadline. According to Smith, (2015), the research approach can be characterised into two different parts which include inductive research approach and deductive research approach. As the hypothesis is absent, the researcher can change the dimension of the study based on the needs and requirements of the research. The inductive research approach will be selected for formulating internal connection in between different variables of the research.
The research design is a systematic way through which steps can be undertaken in terms of completing the research as well as the research problem can be solved. Research design can be considered as the group of approaches that has been taken in order to complete the research in an efficient manner. Exploratory research design will be chosen by the researchers to explore new components of the study. Both primary and secondary data will be collected in the research. Secondary data will be collected by evaluating various books, journals or websites (Tarone, Gass, & Cohen, 2013). On the other hand, primary data will be collected by conducting a survey among the teenage people of Melbourne. Ethics will be maintained while conducting the research.
Billig & Waterman, (2014) said that knowledge regarding the objectives of the study would be integrated among the respondents and they will be allowed to withdraw their statement at any point in time during the research. Needless offensive questions will not be asked for them, and their personal information will be kept secret. The research will be conducted only in Melbourne which may create obstruction among the researcher to acquire a wide range of information. Financial constraints may also create obstruction among the researcher to conduct the study throughout Australia.
The conceptual framework is useful to make the clear understanding about the step by step progress of the secondary research. At first, the work has focused on the reason of drug abuse, then it will focus on the impact of the same o mental health, after that it will focus on policies for overcoming the issues of drug abuse into the country.
The outcome of the research:
The research work is based on the impact of drug abuse on the mental health of the teenage population in Australia. The successful completion of this research work will help to understand the actual state of the matter and gap of strategies that have implemented to reduce the use of the drug in the early stage of life. It will also help the authorities to gain proper knowledge about the different impact of the drug on the mental health of the teenage population. The study also will be effective to make the students aware about the negative effect of drug use; it may reduce the tendency of drug use among teenage people of the country. The research also will gain a view of social workers of the country to gain proper knowledge about the matter, it will help to evaluate other areas that related to mental health or drug abuse.
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