Immigration Policies And Community Services Essay

Queston:

Discuss about the Immigration Policies and Community Services.

Answer:

Introduction:

The present question is based on the provisions regarding ANZSCO, which is an abbreviated form of Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations[1]. In Australia, migration is a common problem and therefore the government of Australia has taken many steps to make the process of immigration proper and systematic. This visa is given on the basis of skills and classified regarding the occupations and job existed within the premises of Australia and New Zealand. ANZSCO standardised the base of the occupations and analyse the occupational data for the provinces of Australia. It derives its origin from the Bureau of Statistics of Australian and New Zealand and Department of Education, Employment and Workplace relations.

Every profession under this system has been encoded and the code for the veterinarian profession is ANZSCO 234711. The assessing authority regarding the veterinarian is Australian Veterinary Boards Council (ABVC).

The visa given in this area is governed by either sub-class 489 or sub-class 189. The term of Sub-class 489 visa is 4 years and it may lead towards the permanent skilled Regional visa that is mentioned under sub-class 887 visa. When the applicant has no sponsor in the provinces of Australia, he can apply for Skill independent visa under sub-class 189. This visa allows the applicant to work in the provinces of Australia on permanent basis.

There are two skill lists present in the visa system that are Medium and long term Strategic skills list (MLTSSL) and the other one is Short term Skilled occupation list (STSOL). The visa for veterinarian is attracting the provision of Medium and long term Strategic skills list (MLTSSL) as it is required under the requirements of skilled visa.

In Australia, the Migration Act is regularising all the provisions regarding the migration and visa system[2]. Under the Act, all the relevant provisions are been mentioned regarding the visa system. The kinds of visa are being described under section 30 of the Migration Act 1958. The provision regarding the special category visa has been engraved under section 32 of the Act. These visas are temporary in nature. The application by the non-citizen for visa has been provided under section 45 of the Migration Act 1958. The Visa Bureau in Australia has been prescribed certain requirements for achieving the skilled visa and the application can be made only after fulfilment of those requirements that are as follows:

  • One must be under the age of fifty years during the time of application;
  • One should have competency regarding the English language.
  • The occupation that has been chosen under the skilled visa must be engraved under the Medium and long term Strategic skills list (MLTSSL).
  • The skill of the applicant must be assessed by the assessing authority of Australia. In the present case, the assessing authority for the profession of Veterinarian is Australian Veterinary Boards Council (ABVC).
  • The applicant is required to be fit and his condition of health should have to be reasonable at the time of making the application.
  • The assessment body will also assess the character of the applicant during the process of skilled visa.

The test of International English Language Testing System or IELTS is one of the most popular tests on the English language and it is required to get approval for studying in Australia. It conducts by way of speaking assessment. The test is three fold in nature such as speaking, reading and listening. The speaking test is conversation type and the same will be marked on the basis of fluency and coherence. In case of the reading test, the band score of the examinee should be based on the total number of marks. For an example, if someone gets 23 out of 40, his band score will be 6. The rating score regarding the listening is quite similar to the reading test. The marks are being calculated by adding all the scores of three tests and divide the number by four. The number should be round up to 0.5 and in this process one can get his band score. In this case, Angela has scored 6.5 and that means she is a competent user and has efficient knowledge on languages. The scoring list of the test has prescribed certain marking provisions regarding the same and it has been stated under the marks 6 and 7 that the scorer of this group has certain misunderstanding but has certain good command regarding the language. It has been stated that the standard band score for the test is 6.5. Each of the three topics hold 40 marks each and when a person scored 26 to 29 out of it, will be scored 6.5 marks.

In the present case, it has been observed that Angela already obtained a visa under sub-class 485 that are given to continue study in the provinces of Australia. However, she now wanted to obtain a permanent resident visa in the provinces of Australia. It is required to mention that she had scored 6.5 in the test of International English Language Testing System or IELTS. The profession regarding the veterinarian occupation has been pointed out under the ANZSCO as 2347-11. After analyzing all the facts of Angela, it can be stated that sub-class 189 will be appropriate for her. The reasons are that under the skilled list for veterinarian course, two sub-classes are mentioned i.e. 489 and 189 and the time limit of the later one is permanent in nature. In this class, family sponsorship is not necessary and it has been learned from this case that Angela is not willing to get State sponsorship and she agrees to get sponsorship from her aunt only if it is required. It is an independent skilled visa and the applicant of this vi9sa should be under the age of 45 years. Therefore, it can be stated that this visa can be suitable for her.

Reference:

MacFarlane, Ewan, et al. "Use of antiseptic hand rubs in the health and community services industry: an Australian population?based survey." Contact dermatitis 73.3 (2015): 157-162.

Wright, Chris F. "Why do states adopt liberal immigration policies? The policymaking dynamics of skilled visa reform in Australia." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 41.2 (2015): 306-328.

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