I Have A Dream Speech Analysis Lesson Plan Essay

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  • January 11, 2012
  • Lessons and Ideas
  • 13 responses

Find Every Literary Term in Martin Luther King Jr.’s Most Famous Speech

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

On August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. led a march on Washington, D.C. The message he gave that day is among the most commonly known in United states history. Whenever people keep in mind the “i've a Dream” message, because it has come become understood, they recall King’s message about civil liberties. But probably the reason its therefore unforgettable is really because King ended up being a master of literary and rhetorical products. His term option matched the effectiveness of their message.

This lesson plan enables pupils to review literary terms, rhetorical products and figurative language with a scavenger hunt through “i've a Dream” speech. Then you can have pupils talk about or write about the speech utilising the literary terminology. This training is modified to work effectively for all from pupils just learning about metaphor the very first time to AP students reviewing due to their future exams.

The Lesson Plan

1. Review the following literary terms. (you'll select as numerous or only you’d like for the course to spotlight because of this course). If you go through the hyperlinked terms, you’ll find definitions and individualized course plans that we’ve created for the definition of.

  • Alliteration
  • Allusion
  • Anaphora
  • Assonance
  • Metonymy
  • Hyperbole
  • Parallelism
  • Personification
  • Simile
  • Synecdoche

2. Offer some historical background regarding “I Have a Dream” speech by watching Flocabulary’s civil right’s song, “Let Freedom Ring.” The song will likely be free for Martin Luther King day, until January 20. Learn more about Martin Luther King, Jr. with your article about their life.

3. Give each student a printed content associated with the “i've a Dream” speech, which you can print from right here. Reveal to pupils that they’ll be selecting the literary terms you’ve reviewed.

4. Show the video clip of the speech, and even though students are viewing, ask them to underline and label types of literary terms which they find. (you can even just concentrate on metaphors.)

5. Provide students time in little groups to examine the examples which they found and search for more. You might like to get this a competition to see which group will find probably the most examples of literary terms.

6. Review the findings as a class. Either hold a discussion regarding how King’s utilization of these literary terms assisted him to distribute his message, or ask students to create an essay addressing that question.

Types of Literary Terms within the “i've a Dream Speech”

Alliteration
The repetition of sounds makes the message more catchy and memorable.

In this way we now have come to our nation’s money to cash a check.

We can not be pleased providing a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in ny believes he's nothing for which to vote. No, no…

I have a fantasy that my four toddlers will one day inhabit a country where they'll not be judged by the color of these epidermis but by this content of the character.

Allusion
By making use of a classic American President’s message and a famous African-American spiritual as bookends towards the speech, he's demonstrating very same worth of both countries.

The speech begins with “Five score years ago…”, a mention of the the Gettysburg Address and ends with the “words of this old Negro spiritual, ‘Free eventually! free eventually! Thank God Almighty, we have been free finally!'”

Anaphora
This term defines the absolute most famous part of the speech: King’s repetition of “I have a dream.”

I have a fantasy this 1 day this nation will rise up and live out the real meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths become self-evident: that most men are manufactured equal.”

I've a fantasy that one time on the red hills of Georgia the sons of previous slaves and the sons of former slave owners can take a seat together within dining table of brotherhood.

I've a fantasy this 1 day perhaps the state of Mississippi, a situation sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering using the temperature of oppression, will be changed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four toddlers will one day inhabit a country where they're not going to be judged by along with of their epidermis but by this content of these character.

A hundred years later on, living of the Negro is still unfortunately crippled by the manacles of segregation together with chains of discrimination. One hundred years later on, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. A hundred years later on, the Negro remains languishing into the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his or her own land.

Assonance
Like alliteration, assonance adds an element of musical poetry to your speech.

We should forever conduct our challenge in the high airplane of dignity and control.

Extensive Metaphor
King equates light with freedom through the speech. Listed here are two examples:

This momentous decree arrived as an excellent beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had previously been seared into the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to finish the long nights their captivity.

The time has come to go up from dark and desolate valley of segregation to your sunlit path of racial justice.

Inside third and 4th paragraph, King plays with all the extended metaphor of expanding a check.

In a sense we've visited our nation’s capital to cash a check… (This check metaphor continues)

A musical metaphor:

Using this faith I will be in a position to transform the jangling discords of our country into a lovely symphony of brotherhood.

There are many more metaphor examples. Would you locate them all?

Metonymy
These places aren't plumped for randomly. They represent areas which were filled up with racism at that time. For instance, the KKK had just resurged in Stone Mountain.

But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!
Let freedom ring from Lookout hill of Tennessee!
Let freedom band out of every hill and molehill of Mississippi.

Hyperbole
We could call this instance hyperbole, because King is making use of countless “alls” and “every”s. But this hyperbole belies a seriousness; he thinks that true justice will only come whenever every person thinks in freedom for several.

So when this takes place, as soon as we allow freedom to band, as soon as we let it band from every village and every hamlet, out of every state and each town, we will be capable speed up that day when each of God’s children, black males and white guys, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join arms and sing.

Parallelism
If you ever desire to jazz up a crowd, use some parallelism within sentences. It'll make individuals prepared to fight…peacefully, needless to say. It also makes the lines unforgettable, and perhaps represents the equality for the individuals fighting together.

Get back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, get back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, understanding that somehow this situation can and you will be changed.

With this faith I will be capable work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to attend jail together, to face up for freedom together, comprehending that we will be free 1 day.

Personification
King is casting American society as a person who has been doing African-Americans incorrect. He believes that folks who're fighting for civil legal rights aren’t fighting an individual, but alternatively something.

It really is obvious today that America has defaulted with this promissory note insofar as her residents of color are concerned. As opposed to honoring this sacred responsibility, America has offered the Negro people a negative check, a check which includes return marked “insufficient funds.”

Simile
This simile demonstrates the effectiveness of justice and righteousness, along with the belief that equality is a normal thing. It’s also the most famous lines associated with message.

No, no, we're unhappy, and we will never be pleased until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty flow.

Synecdoche
By representing people as bodies or flesh, King is reminding their market of that the difficulties they’re at this time facing are pertaining to their skin tone.

We can never be pleased, providing our anatomical bodies, hefty with the exhaustion of travel, cannot gain lodging within the motels associated with highways plus the resorts of the urban centers.

I have a fantasy this one time every valley shall be exalted, every hill and hill will be made low, the rough places are made simple, as well as the crooked places would be made straight, and the glory of this Lord shall be revealed, and all sorts of flesh shall see it together.

Might you find other literary terms? Share them inside opinions!

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