Thinking about extreme weather occasions? Then a hurricane—a swirling mass of wind, rain, thunder, and chaos—will intrigue you. Hurricanes begin over tropical and subtropical ocean water. They begin whenever warm water, moist air, and strong winds collide and produce a rotating bundle of thunderstorms and clouds. A hurricane might last a couple of hours or several days.

initial Northeast Pacific hurricane of 2000, Aletta, had been rotating 300 miles (482 kilometers) from the coast of Mexico with sustained winds of 80 kilometers (128 kilometers) each hour and gusts around 100 kilometers (160 kilometers) hourly.

Photograph by SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Area Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

This NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) image shows Hurricane Floyd simply off the Florida coastline on September 14, 1999. With hurricane-force winds extending 125 miles (201 kilometers) from storm's attention and sustained winds around 140 miles (225 kilometers) hourly, Floyd threatened seaside areas in Southeastern states, forcing numerous evacuations, including NASA's Kennedy area Center.

Photograph by Marit Jentoft-Nilsen, NASA GSFC Visualization Review Lab

Waters whipped up by Hurricane Gloria smash up against the Rodanthe Pier in North Carolina. The Atlantic Ocean's hurricane period peaks from mid-August to late October and averages five to six hurricanes per year.

Photograph by David Alan Harvey

at that time this image ended up being taken on September 14, 2003, Hurricane Isabel had been packing maximum sustained winds of 155 kilometers (250 kilometers) each hour, which makes it a rare and effective Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane scale.

Photograph by Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Exactly How Hurricanes Form

Some hurricanes roar onto land bringing punishing wind, torrential rainfall, walls of water, even tornados. The wind, rainfall, and water rise wreak havoc in the coastline and harm countless kilometers inland.

Violent winds flip cars, sink boats, and tear houses aside. Hurricane winds start around 74 miles one hour to 150 ​miles an hour​ or maybe more. Wind creates high waves and pushes the water onto coast. The water rise is 30 foot high. That is as high as a 3-story building. Storm surges cause the majority of the fatalities and damage.

In addition to the storm rise, hurricanes bring rainfall. Many rainfall. Last year, a storm hammered Taiwan with 114 inches of rainfall in just three times. Hurricane rains cause landslides, flash floods, and long-lasting floods.

Because meteorologists can predict and monitor hurricanes, individuals staying in a hurricane's course can remain secure and safe by advance preparation, including an evacuation plan, creating a crisis kit with food, water, as well as other materials (do not forget your animals), and most significantly by listening to local authorities on most useful ways to remain safe.

Hurricane Vocabulary


A person's eye may be 20-40 miles wide. Inside eye, in place of dark clouds and rainfall, one might see blue sky or a starry night. It is referred to as calm center of the storm.


The clouds that swirl across the eyehave the absolute most intense rainfall and winds, often as quickly as 200 kilometers one hour.

Rain bands

The rainfall and wind also come in heavy bursts in this region and spiral in toward the eyewall. Rain bands will be the outside regions of a storm and certainly will be found as far as a couple of hundred miles through the attention.

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