With the advancement of technology the overall life expectancy of common people significantly increased. Thus the degree of progression of a country can be gauged by the advancement of their health care system. In this assignment, a comparative assessment of healthcare system is done among Australia, the United States of America and Britain. The key objective of this assignment is to scrutinize the cost, accessibility, choice and quality of the healthcare system in the contextual countries. The goal of this assignment is to gauge the efficiency of each country in managing their health care system. The advantages and disadvantages lie within the health care system of Australia, the United States of America and Britain is also assessed. The scopes of improvement are also identified here with putting stress in the Australian system. At the beginning of the assignment, a separate analysis is done in between the given countries. Finally, at the concluding portion, a comparative analysis is shown with the help of charts, graphs and tables. The assignment is ended by proffering advantages of each country with the other while putting stress on the Australian system.
AustraliaCost: The health expenditure in Australia is calculated as 140.2 billion Dollars which is 9.5 per cent of gross domestic product or GDP of the entire country. Furthermore, 70 per cent of the total costs of the healthcare system is funded by the government with the help of taxpayers’ money (Mukherjee, 2008).
BritainCost: The total health care funding by UK government since 1997 to 2013 has been increased significantly. The total healthcare expenses in private and public health care system in the year 2013 was ?150.6 Billion compared to ?54. 9 Billion in the year 1997. The total growth recorded for the health care expenditure from 1997 to 2009 was 8.1 per cent whereas the growth has been reduced to 2per cent from 2009 to 2013. The primary funding for health care has been taking place in national insurance contributions apart from general taxation and user charges. The primary advantage of the private sector in health care is the choice of consultants which NHS has adopted recently as patient's basic rights. The main disadvantage of health care is the cost of the treatment which is quite low in NHS in the UK (Anhang Price et al. 2014).
Access: national health care system in the UK has been the most accessible health care system in terms of cost. The funding has been increased significantly in the NHS which provides more choices for the low cost and high quality treatment. Whereas the in the accessibility in the private sector dependent on the affordability and wealth. The choice of specialist was always available in private sector which NHS has been implementing as the basic right of the patients. The cost involved in both the cases poses a huge difference where high cost treatment offered by public sector compared to NHS scheme (Mukherjee, 2008).
USACost: the national expenditure of United States on Health care has been increased to $3.2 trillion which is a significant increase by 5.8 per cent. The affordable care act has a significant impact on the health care system in the USA which increases the public health care funding. Therefore total growth including private and public sector has significantly increased in late 2015. The government coverage for health care services in the United States is 27.8 per cent whereas the primary funding took place from 84per cent insurance coverage for health care system in the United States. The advantage of private health care system in the USA is fast treatment and free choice of doctors whereas in the case of government funded organizations the queue is long and the choice is less (Runciman, 2012).
Figure 1: Australian Health system
(Source:Corallo et al. 2014
Figure 2: Life Expectancy among the inhabitant
(Source: Corallo et al. 2014)
Figure 3: Distribution of doctor per 1000 person
Source: Corallo et al. 2014
Figure 4: Distribution of hospital bed per 1000 person
(Source:Corallo et al. 2014)
Health care Issues
The health care system in Australia is the mixed type where the governmental control is accompanied with the privatization. Each and every Australian Citizen is entitled to the access of the Universal Medical Cover which is also called Medicare.
Being an industrialized country, the access to health care system is not ensured by the contextual government. However, the government has provided employee retirement income security act which guarantees full employer preference over health insurance. Hence, it is seen that the health care system in the United States majorly owns by the private sector.
The Government of the contextual country establishes a statutory body named National Health Service or NHS to ensure the health of their citizen.
Cost (total health care expenditure per capita)
Accessibility (per 1000 population)
Hospital bed: 3.4
Acute care: 3.4
Hospital bed: 2.5
Acute care: 2.5
As the Australian health care system is a mixed system where privatization and governmental control coexist, the choice of health care is moderate.
In the case of the United States, the choice is relatively high as people have sole responsibility for the hospital bill payment.
As the healthcare system is fully controlled by statutory organization National Health Service or NHS, the choice is less.
Moderate quality moderate affordability
High quality low affordability
Comparatively Low quality but high affordability.
Ranking as per World Health Organization (WHO)
Table 1: Comparisons summarized in charts, tables, pro/con lists etc.
(Source:Corallo et al. 2014)
All of these three countries have a lack of doctors as per 1000 patients. It is also accompanied by the problem of lack of hospital beds per 1000 patients. Hence, the welfare of the patients should be the first priority to the authority instead of anything else. On this note, each of the above discussed countries needs to pay more attention to improve their doctor patients’ ration along with the number of bed allocations.
Advantages of Australia's system compared to Britain: More choices are available as it is a mixed system.
Advantages of Australia's system compared to the USA: It has greater affordability as it is partially controlled by the governmental body.
Ways of improvement of Australia's system of implementing elements of the British or US system: Australia’s health care system will be better if they concentrate on the patient’s problem, more than their money making thought. Co-payment is something that the poor cannot enjoy even when they want that facility.
Ways of improvement of the British, US systems: the British healthcare system needs to pay more attention to the quality, whereas the US system needs to provide health care at more affordable rates.
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