# HC2091 Analysis Of Reliance Worldwide For Performance Ratio Essay

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## Questions:

1. Prepare a brief description of the selected company, outlining the core activities, competitive advantages, and the market in which it operates within and any factors in the company’s history which you consider help present a “picture” of your chosen company.
2. Using financial data obtained from current financial statements of your selected company for the given 2 years to calculate the following ratios and present them in relevant charts or table.
Provide analysis and justify your opinions using the data:
- Short term solvency (Liquidity ratios)
- Long term solvency (Financial Leverage ratios)
- Asset utilization (efficiency or turnover ratios)
- Profitability ratios
- Market value ratios
3. Using the information to prepare one or more graph displaying movements in the monthly share prices over the last two years for the chosen company that you are investigating. Providing an analysis to compare the movements in the companies’ share prices to the All Ordinaries Index. For instance, whether your selected company price trend is more or less volatile compared to the index? How closely it is correlated with the All Ordinaries Index, above or below the index?

### Introduction

Reliance Worldwide Corporation commonly known as RWC is the Australian-based firm that manufactures, designs as well as suppliers water flow and provide solution and control products for use in wall plumbing (Reliance Worldwide Corporation 2017). It manufactures brass push-to-connects plumbing fittings. The company chief products comprises of thermostatic products, control valves, pipe and fittings as well as other products the Fitting and pipe comprises of the plumbing fittings, related products for repair and installation of the water reticulation systems as well as piping (Financial Times 2018).

### Calculation and Analysis of Performance Ratio

Financial ratios are usually conducted by comparing at least two items reported in financial statements. In other words, ratios are considered as mathematical comparisons of the financial statements (Innocent, Mary & Matthew 2013). This assists internal organization management, investors and creditors among others comprehend how well the company is doing and those areas that require some improvements. They are crucial in determining an entity’s financial position since they are easy to comprehend and easy to calculate. Further, ratios are used in comparing different firms across the sector and with their competitors (Higgins 2012). They enable analysts to compare organizations across the sectors, to identify their weaknesses and strengths. Ratio analysis can be classified as liquidity, profitability, market value, solvency or leverage as well as efficiency ratios.

### Liquidity Ratios

Such ratio are useful in analysing capacity of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd in settling off both its short-term debts once they are due and long-term debts once they are current (Innocent, Mary & Matthew 2013). They show Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd cash level and it capacity in turning other total assets to cash in order to settle its current debts. To be more specific, these ratios are measures of how easy Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd able to raise sufficient cash. In this case, acid test, working capital and current ratios would be used in evaluating the capacity of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd to raise sufficient cash.

### Current Ratio

This ratio is useful in this case since it would help in examining the capacity of Reliance Worldwide Corporation in resolving short-term arrears by use of its current assets (Innocent, Mary & Matthew 2013). Basically, the ratio helps Reliance Worldwide Corporation creditors and investors in understanding its liquidity level and how easily the firm would be in settling its current debts. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation current ratio would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Current ratio 254,376/ 69,732 = 3.65 313,916/ 117,902 = 2.66

Table 1: Current ratio

As per Table 1 above, it is clear that RWC current ratio decreased over the last two years though was far much above 1. This implies that for the last two years, RWC was able to settle its short-term or current debts using its current assets.

### Quick Ratio

Also referred to the acid test would be useful in measuring the capacity of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd in resolving its short-run debt commitments by use of most liquid form of assets (Innocent, Mary & Matthew 2013). Basically, the ratio helps in measuring Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd capacity in settling its current or short-term debts with quick assets. The ratio is computed by dividing quick assets with company’s current liabilities. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation quick ratio would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Quick ratio (254,376 – 119,109)/ 69,732 = 1.94 (313,916 – 162,422)/ 117,902 = 1.28

Table 2: Quick ratio

In the Table 2 above, it is clear that Reliance Worldwide Corporation quick ratio was relatively high over the past two years. Despite the decrease within the year, the ratios were above one meaning that RWC was able to settle some of its short-run debt commitments with its quick assets.

### Working Capital

This value would be useful in determining whether Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd is able to meet most of its short-term or current obligations using its short-term assets (Penman & Penman 2007). In other words, it would help in determining how much deficiency or excess there is in Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation working capital in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Working capital 254,376 - 69,732 = 184,644 313,916 - 117,902 = 196,014

Table 3: Working capital

### Figure 1: Working capital

As per the Table 3 above, it is clear that RWC working capital increased in the last two years. The increase in RWC working capital implies that the company is able to meet all or if not most of its short or current obligations using its current assets.

### Financial Leverage Ratios

Financial leverage also referred to solvency ratios helps in measuring Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd capacity in sustaining its operations for an indefinite period by comparing its debt levels with assets and equity (Penman & Penman 2007). The ratios identify the going concerns issues within the company and the company’s capacity in settling its long-term debts (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). They show capacity of the organization in making payments of its long-term debts to bondholders, banks and creditors. In this case, debt/equity, interest coverage and debt/assets would be used in evaluating Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd solvency or leverage level.

### Debt/asset ratio

The ratio is useful in measuring portion of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd total assets which is financed through debts (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). It can be gotten by dividing total debts with the total assets. This ratio is useful in examining the entity’s total debts as the fraction of its assets. The ratio, displays Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd capacity in settling its liabilities using its assets. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation debt/assets ratio in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Debt/assets 256,088/423,075 = 0.61 395,041/599,787 = 0.66

Table 4: debt/assets

Based on Table 4 above, it is evident that Reliance Worldwide Corporation debt/assets ratio was relatively low over the past two years. The figures show that for the past two years, RWC was able to settle its liabilities using its assets.

### Debt/equity

It is helpful in determining portion of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd that is financed by debts and the one financed by equity (Penman & Penman 2007). In other words, the ratio helps in assessing capital structure of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd over time (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). In this case, debt/equity is gotten by dividing total liabilities or debts with the total shareholders’ equity where a ratio more than one means that the organization is leveraged while value less than one means that the company is conservative. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation debt/equity ratio in 2016 and in 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Debt/equity 256,088/166,987 = 1.53 395,041/204,746 = 1.93

Table 5: Debt/equity

As per the Table 5 above, it is clear that RWC debt/equity experienced an increasing debt/equity ratio over the last two years. The increasing trend in the ratio is a clear sign that for the last two years, RWC has been highly leveraged.

### Asset Utilization Ratios

The efficiency also referred to asset utilization ratios help in measuring how well Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd utilizes its total assets in generating some income (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). They usually look at time taken by Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd in collecting cash from the clients or time take in converting inventories into cash. Asset turnover, receivable turnover and inventory turnover would be the efficiency ratios evaluated to determining how Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd is efficient in its operations.

### Asset turnover

It is useful in determining overall efficiency of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd in generating revenues through its assets (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). The ratio indicates how efficiently Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd could utilize its total assets in generating revenue. It is gotten by dividing net revenue with the average total assets. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation asset turnover in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Asset turnover 98,290 /423,075 = 0.23 601,693 /599,787 = 1.00

Table 6: Asset turnover

In the Table 7 below, it is evident that Reliance Worldwide Corporation asset turnover increased from 0.23 to 1 in 2017. The increasing trend in the company asset turnover implies that the company is becoming more efficient in managing its assets or in utilizing its assets to generate revenue.

### Inventory turnover

It helps in determining number of times Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd inventories are replaced and sold. It measures how efficiently Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd is in managing it inventories (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). In this case, high ratio shows that an organization is efficient in managing all its inventories. It is gotten by comparing organization’s COGs with its average inventories. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation inventory turnover in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Inventory turnover 98,290 /119,109 = 0.83 601,693 /162,422 = 3.7

Table 7: Inventory turnover

From Table 8 above, it is clear that RWC inventory turnover increased over the past two years. The increase implies that Reliance Worldwide Corporation is efficient in managing its inventories.

### Receivable turnover

The ratio would be used in measuring or determining efficiency of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd in extending credit or collecting the same (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). In other words, it would be used in determining number of times Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd collects its account receivables within one year. Here, a high value means efficiency in collection process. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation receivable turnover in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Receivable turnover 98,290 /94,954 = 1.04 601,693 /109,727 = 5.48

Table 8: Receivable turnover

As per Table 9 above, it is clear that Reliance Worldwide Corporation receivable turnover increased over the years. The increase is a good sign that the company is becoming more efficient in collecting its receivables from debtors.

### Profitability Ratios

The ratios compare the income statement items aiming to indicate the organization’s capacity in generating income from operations (White, Sondh & Fried 2005). They focus on organization’s return on equity and the other assets (Sueyoshi 2005). The ratios can also be used in determining whether Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd is making adequate operational income from its shareholders’ equity and its assets. In this case, net profit margin, ROE as well as ROA would be used in measuring profitability level of Worldwide Corporation Ltd.

### Net Margin

This financial ratio is used in measuring amount of the net income generated from every dollar of the sales by comparing Net profit with total revenue (Sueyoshi 2005). Basically, it shows the percentage of revenue left over after deducting all expenditures. The ratio would be used in evaluating how effectively Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd could convert its sales into profit. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation net margin in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 Net margin -1,598/98,290 * 100% = -1.63% 65,612/601,693 * 100% = 10.90%

Table 9: Net margin

In Table 10 above, it is evident that Reliance Worldwide Corporation net margin increased over the past two years from -1.63% in 2016 to 10.90% in the year 2017. The increasing trend in the company net margin is a clear sign that RWC has been effective in converting its sales into profit.

ROE

It is useful since it would help in measuring Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd management efficiency in utilizing their shareholders’ equity (Sueyoshi 2005). The ratio measures capacity of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd in generating income from shareholders’ equity. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation ROE in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 ROE -1,598/166,987* 100% = -0.96% 65,612/204,746* 100% = 32.05%

Table 10: ROE

As per Table 11 above, it can be stated that Reliance Worldwide Corporation ROE increased in the past two years from -0.96% to 32.05% in 2017. The increase in the company ROE is a clear sign that RWC management has been efficient in utilizing their shareholders’ equity into net income.

ROA

It is useful in evaluating organization’s management efficiency while using the total assets to produce profit. In other words, this ratio is used in measuring net income that is produced by the total assets (Sueyoshi 2005). As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation ROA in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 ROA -1,598/423,075* 100% = -0.38% 65,612/599,787* 100% = 10.94%

Table 11: ROA

From Table 12 above, it can be indicated that for the last two years, RWC ROA increased from -0.38% in 2016 to 10.94% in the year 2017. The increase in Reliance Worldwide Corporation ROA is a clear sign that the company management has been efficient in using its total assets to produce some income for the company.

### Market Value Ratios

These are financial ratios used in analysing organization’s stock value. Besides, the ratios show potential investors what they ought to receive from their investments. They may end up receiving future dividends, earnings or appreciated stock values (Sueyoshi 2005). In other words, these ratios are useful in predicting how much the stock prices is expected to be in future based on the current dividend measurements and earnings (Penman & Penman 2007).

### EPS

It indicates rate of the earnings for every share. It measures amount of the net income that is earned for every share outstanding (Sueyoshi 2005). In other words, the EPS would be used in determining how profitable Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd would be on shareholder basis. It is computed by dividing net income by share outstanding. As such, Reliance Worldwide Corporation EPS ratio in 2016 and 2017 would be as follows:

 2016 2017 EPS -0.3 12.5

Table 12: EPS

As per the Table 12 above, it is clear that RWC EPS for the last two years increased with a significant margin from -0.30 in 2016 to 12.5 in 2017. The increasing trend is a clear sign that RWC is profitable based on its shareholders.

Graphical Representation of Reliance Worldwide Corporation Share Price and Comparison of Its Share Price Movements with All Ordinaries Index

Based on Figure 1 below, it is evident that Reliance Worldwide Corporation share price experienced an increasing trend. Basically, based on Figure 1 below, it is evident that Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd share price increased with a steady margin over the past three years. The increasing trend in Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd is a good thing for the existing investors and shareholders since it means that they would enjoy high dividends and high returns in future for their invested money.

Based on Figure 2 below, it is evident that Reliance Worldwide Corporation share price was relatively higher compared to that one of All Ordinaries Index. To be more specific, Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd share price for the past three years remained all above All Ordinaries Index share price except from January 2017 to April the same year where share price for All Ordinaries Index were relatively above Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd share price. With these considerations, it is clear that Reliance Worldwide Corporation share price were more volatile compared to All Ordinaries Index. The price were not closely related at all since Reliance Worldwide Corporation share prices remained all high from June 2017 and far much above the All Ordinaries Index prices.

### Share Valuation

Share valuation is crucial in estimating the intrinsic value of a specific stock. It can be gotten by use of dividend growth rate. In this case, a constant dividend growth rate approach is applied where it is assumed that the stock is anticipated or projected to develop at a constant growth of 4%. Therefore assuming that Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd share price has dividend growth rate of 4% which is expected to remain constant over the period and rate of return of 9%, it would be easy to calculate its value in future. This would be accomplished through the use of the following method;

Intrinsic value = dividends/ (rate of return – dividend growth rate)

Given that Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd dividend this year was 0.035 (Financial Times 2018), the intrinsic value of RWC would be:

RWC intrinsic value = 0.035/(9%-4%) = 0.035/0.05 = 0.7

Based on the above calculation, it is evident that the intrinsic value of RWC stock was 0.7. This value is relatively above the current value for RWC meaning that the company stock is undervalued since it ought to be valued at 0.7 instead of it current value of 0.035.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, Reliance Worldwide Company has been doing relatively good. This is evident in its increasing trend in its ROE, net profit margin and ROA. Furthermore, from Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd liquidity assessment, it could be stated that Reliance Worldwide Corporation is liquid enough in settling most of its short-term or current liabilities through its current assets. This is based on the fact that the company had relatively high current and quick ratios above one. Besides, based on solvency ratio, it is evident that RWC is doing relatively good in resolving its long-run debt obligations through its overall assets. Furthermore, based on efficiency ratios, it can be stated that RWC management is efficient on how it utilizes its resources as well as how it collects money owed by debtors.

### Recommendation

Based on the analysis and the conclusion drawn from the analysis, it would be good to recommend potential investors and existing ones to invest more in Reliance Worldwide Corporation Limited. Basically, it would also be recommendable to the investor to include Reliance Worldwide Corporation shares in her investment portfolio. This is based on the fact that the shares have been doing relatively good in the past two years and are also expected to continue doing better in future, which would be good for her since it means that there is a high probability she would enjoy high returns and dividends.

## References

Financial Times 2018, Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd RWC: ASX. Viewed from: (accessed at 28th September 2018)

Higgins, RC 2012, Analysis for financial management. McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Innocent, EC, Mary, OI & Matthew, OM 2013, ‘Financial ratio analysis as a determinant of profitability in Nigerian pharmaceutical industry,’ International journal of business and management, 8(8), 107.

Market Insider 2018, Reliance Worldwide Chart. Viewed from: (accessed at 28th September 2018)

Penman, SH & Penman, SH 2007, Financial statement analysis and security valuation (p. 476). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Reliance Worldwide Corporation 2017, Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd RWC annual report 2017. Viewed from: accessed at 28th September 2018).

Reuters.com 2018, Reliance Worldwide Corporation Ltd (RWC.AX). viewed from: (accessed at 28th September 2018)

Sueyoshi, T 2005, ‘Financial ratio analysis of the electric power industry,’ Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research, 22(03), 349-376.

White, GL, Sondh, AC & Fried, D 2005, Analysis of Financial Statement. Analysis.