The advantages and disadvantages of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) depend on the interactions made between the ecosystems and agro-systems. These factors are important while considering the assessment of GMOs. We often argue that broadening of GMOs will be helpful and serves as an alternative for the traditional agricultural practices enough to support the hungry population. The world population is expected to double in the next 30-40 years and require adequate food supply to support the booming population that is a major challenge. In such cases, GMOs serves as the boon to meet these expanding needs. Crop losses are huge due to insect pests and leads to devastating economic losses with starving populations. GMO like B.t. cotton is helpful in eliminating the application of chemical pesticides becoming a crop market. It is resistant to colds, diseases and tolerant to drought, salinity and herbicides. Globally, over 11 million people suffer from malnutrition and 45% children deaths linked to malnutrition. To stop them from dying, Salmon became the first GM animal to enter the food chain supply. This consumes 20-25% less food and helps the world hunger (Nodoushani, Sintay and Stewart 2015).
However, there are disadvantages associated with GMOs. The genetic modification of organisms might have long-term health effects by consuming GM foods. It might have genetic consequences in organisms that might encourage destabilization and mutations that could be detrimental to the humans, environment or both. Humans are also at stake as it can unintentionally create antibiotic resistance or create new allergens and can put food supply at risk (Morris 2017). Concisely, there are advantages disadvantages of GMOs, the ultimate choice are to place them properly, which work for the general public interests as their primary goal.
Morris, E.J., 2017. 4 Governance of Benefits and Risks of GMOs in Developing Countries. Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries, p.39.
Nodoushani, O., Sintay, J. and Stewart, C., 2015, January. Genetically Engineered Food and Genetically Modified Organisms. In Competition Forum(Vol. 13, No. 1, p. 136). American Society for Competitiveness.