Discuss About The Globalization Distribution Of Wealth Cambridge.
IntroductionMarketing principles refers to the principles related to marketing that help in creating product promotion strategies. Every organization has a separate department for marketing that basically focus upon the marketing strategies and implementation of the same. Most of the organization adopts a mix of more than one marketing principle to enhance the performance of existing product and to launch a new product in the marke.
Compare and contrast any three pricing tactics that you have come across in the recent past.The three pricing tactics I have come across in recent past are-
- Competition Pricing- Competition pricing is a very common pricing strategy that can be seen easily in any of the organization. There are some products that have so many competitors in the market. So, it is very important for them to compare the prices with the competitors in order to get more customers. In competition pricing, proper analysis has been done on the strategies, costs and prices of the competitors and it has been known and the major criteria of judgement to decide the price of the product. Marketing mix has also been considered as a factor in deciding competition pricing.
- Customer value based pricing- In this pricing strategy, major focus has been done on the customers, their perception regarding the product and the value of the product in their eyes. Every product can be purchased by a customer by giving some value (money in return. So, the value must be accordance with the benefits of the products. If the price of the product is same with the value of the product, then only customer will opt for the same product (Melnick, Shen and Wu, 2008).
- Cost based pricing- In value based pricing, the main focus is on the customers but in cost based pricing, the emphasize has been given to the seller. In this pricing, the price of the product has been decided according to the costing of the product. There should be a fair profit also so the price has been decided by adding some margin to earn profits. There are many companies like Walmart or Ryanair that uses cost based pricing strategies (Wave kinematics and environmental forces, 2011).
- Political Factors- It basically includes all the rules and policies formulated by the government. Rolex watches has its manufacturing unit in Switzerland so all the policies created by Singapore government create an impact on this. There are some import policies also that affect the success of the Rolex brand. After the introduction of Globalization, the situation has become little smoother in terms of government policies (Capon and Khan, 2015).
- Technological factors-Technology creates a big impact on the product like electronics and watches. Rolex brand it known for the latest and innovative designs it launched in the market. They always keep a watch on the latest trends and make the product accordingly. This is one of the main reasons for the success of Rolex (Gr?ner, 2016).
- Social Factors- Social factors here refers to the prevailing trends in the society. It is very important to know the taste and preferences of the customers. Fashion and trends are kept on changing so it is necessary to keep a track on them. Modern societies are usually attracted to the products like Rolex watches. The people who possess a sense of fashion and who always want to go for the innovative products are the major customers of Rolex. There are some ethical concerns also like Rolex use blood diamond in some of its watches and according to some states it is consider as a sin to wear blood diamonds.
To what extent do you agree with the statement “In order to grow brand (i.e. increase market share), marketers should focus on increasing market penetration rather than customer loyalty”? Discuss using examples and research work.
I agree with this statement “In order to grow brand (i.e. increase market share), marketers should focus on increasing market penetration rather than customer loyalty”. Customer Loyalty also helps in the growth of the brand but at some particular extent and after that Market penetration helps the brand for the growth and success. Market penetration helps in taking the advantage of low prices in order to increase the demand of the product that ultimately leads in increase the market share. It directly results in increasing the demand as customer can be easily ready to buy the same product in low prices. As demand increase, organization gets a chance to save money on the production cost of the product because of high volume of production. Although market penetration strategy is not suitable for each kind of product so some companies use some different marketing strategies that are more beneficial for them. (Doyle and Von Windheim, 2014).Customer loyalty basically helps in retaining the customer for a long time period. Market penetration helps in the fast organizational growth as it leads to increase in the number of customers. It also helps in facing the market competition as there are so many competitors in the market that focus on stealing customers. So, for earning higher profits, it is necessary to adopt marketing penetration strategy. There are so many examples like Nestle and Tesco Club card that has adopted market penetration strategy and got a higher growth and an increase in the market share. These are the major things that proves marketing penetration strategy is more helpful in increasing market share (Schaefer, 2012).
Choose two advertising media options (e.g. television versus the internet). Compare the advantages and disadvantages for each advertising media option. Provide an example where one of the options is more suitable than the other.There are different advertising options that are essential to create awareness about the product in the market. Two of the methods of advertising are Television and Internet. These two methods are totally different from each other because of their own advantages as well as disadvantages. Television is considered as an old medium that was mainly used for advertisement. Advertisement on television was considered as the most beneficial method but now with the technological advancement internet has taken the place of television (Freiberg, Schwarz and Khoury, 2016). There are different advantages and disadvantages of television and Internet. Television is present in urban areas as well as rural areas and there is no education and competency required to see an advertisement on television but in case of internet there should be availability of internet at remote places as well as rural areas. For watching an advertisement on internet, a person should know how to use internet and he must have knowledge regarding internet. There is some advantage of internet as internet can help in making an advertisement popular in a short span of time (Giant and Beddoe, 2013). There is a wide usage of internet all over the world now a days and an advertisement can create a big impact on customers with the help of internet. Internet also helps in assessing the information according to the choice of customers like young people can search advertisement related to gadgets or something in which they are interested. In television, a person can only view the advertisement that display on the television. There is some adult product advertisement that has been displayed on the advertisement that is not good for the children. In case of advertisement of chocolates, television has been proved as successful because this product is not for a particular market segment so advertisement on television provides the awareness to every segment of the market (Lee and Cho, 2016).
Critique Maslow’s hierarchy of needs concept using examples.Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is basically refers to a theory related to psychology that has been proposed by Abraham Maslow in 1943. It is known as the theory of motivation; it has described the major needs that an individual requires to motivate him. It shows the human innate curiosity (Ranchhod and Gura?u, 2007). It describes all the stages of growths in humans. Maslow hierarchy of need theory includes five criteria-
- Physiological needs- These are the basic biological needs of an individual that are important for the survival. Examples of physiological needs are food, water, shelter and clothing. Maslow has described that without the fulfilment of these needs, a human body cannot able to work properly. He explained that this is the primary needs of any individual in comparison to the other needs.
- Safety needs- Safety need refers to the needs that can create a feeling of safety for an individual. It includes security, law, stability and freedom from fear (Lefebvre, 2004).
- Love and Belongingness needs- This is known as the third level of the needs of an individual as every individual needs a feeling of belongingness. There is a high need of interpersonal relationships that helps in improving the behaviour. Examples of the needs are love, friendship, family and trust (Faisal, 2016).
- Esteem needs- Esteem needs means the needs that helps in the fulfilment of esteem for oneself as well as the respect from other people. Maslow showed that there is a need of respect from the children and the other people to create the dignity or self-esteem.
- Self- Actualization needs- It is the need that helps in realizing personal potential, self –fulfilment, personal level of growth and the peak experiences. It can help a person to become a better human being (FRAM brand aims to increase Champion's market penetration, 2013).
There are three levels of distribution when considering market coverage decisions. List all three and explain two using examples.There are three level of distribution at the time of considering the market coverage decisions.
- Mass Coverage- It is also known as intensive distribution. In this distribution, the product has been delivered to all the nearby location where such products are sold. It is basically suitable for the products that are low in price and have high market demand. These products are available on the common grocery shops and the cost of distribution of such products is quite high. Example of such product is Coca Cola. Coca cola is easily available in the market and it is a cheap product that has a very high demand.
- Selective Coverage- In this type of distribution, product has been supply to some specific locations according to the requirement of the customers. These products are known for smaller market size. Example of this distribution is Rolex Watches. Rolex watches are not meant for each market segment and they are very costly so these watches are supplies to the specific parts of the market (Social media, content marketing and engagement strategies in B2B, 2018).
- Exclusive coverage- Exclusive coverage is known for the products that has small target market. These products are purchased by the customers very often and satisfy the needs of the customers with high quality. For these kind of products, special customer service is required that can help the customer to know more about the product. Example of these products is washing machines.
Your company has come up with an idea of developing a new product i.e “all-in-onedental” which is a combination of toothpaste, toothbrush and tongue cleaner in one product. What type of market research would you propose to conduct in order to understand the adaptability of the product in a market?In the above mentioned case, when my company has has come up with an idea of developing a new product i.e. “all-in-one dental” which is a combination of toothpaste, toothbrush and tongue cleaner in one product then in that case I will chose the primary methods of marketing research. For this product, it is important to conduct a survey that helps in analyzing the first expression of the customers after knowing about the product (Cohen, 2013). It is an innovative product so we cannot predict the behavior of the people in the market. Surveys help a lot in knowing acceptance of the product by the customers. Afterwards I will create focus groups that basically involve a group of people together and try to find out their views about the product. All the participants in such cases are compensated by providing a gift voucher or free coupon to them Focus groups help in knowing some unknown things that cannot be come to the knowledge with the help of surveys only (Kacowicz, 2013). Interviews will be taken after that in which there is an involvement of one participant and one moderator. It helps in creating a wide knowledge and exploratory research. Experiments and field trials have been done after the interviews that basically test the product. Testing the product gives a clear picture about the thoughts of the customers. The last step for this research will be observation in which an observation will be done on the actual behavior of the customers after using the product (Kotler, 2017)
The three processes a company can consider maximising the chances of succeeding at the implementation phase of marketing are-
Explain three processes a company can consider to maximise the chances of succeeding at the implementation phase of marketing.
- Facts- at the time of implementation of a marketing phase, it is important to know all the facts that describes who, when, where and how of reaching the objectives and goals of the business. It is a vast process and involves the whole organization. These facts really help in the successful implementation of the strategy and leads to growth. Marketing implementation consist of marketing design, execution and to schedule the development of the same.
- Needs- In the implementation phase, it is necessary for some aspects to be successful. There must be trained people who possess unique skills and capabilities in order to implement the different elements of the plan. There should be sufficient time and money allocated to the project. There should be a responsible management to take care of several things (Iacobucci, 2018).
- Pitfalls- There ae some very common mistakes that usually everyone do in the implementation phase. These mistakes are mostly related to the lack of communication, insubstantial plan, hassle tasks and no ownership. Some companies implement the strategies without clear planning that creates a very negative impact. The improper planning leads to the pitfalls that hampers the implementation of strategies.
- Convenience products- Convenience products are brought very frequently by the customers. Customers purchased these products without doing any comparison and they do not waste their time and efforts while purchasing these products. These products are food items, detergents, soaps, sugar and magazines.
- Speciality products- Speciality products are the products that have some unique features and advantages. These are different from the regular products. It is meant for a significant group of buyers who are willing to make special efforts for these products. These products are luxury cars, designer clothes and a high priced camera
- Unsought products- These products are those products that a consumer does not know about or unaware about the features of the product. Customer does not think about such products normally. These products are funeral services and insurance services (Taormina and Gao, 2013).
List and explain situational influences on consumer behaviour. In your answer, use the example of a customer purchasing a new t-shirt in a retail store to explain how the situational influences apply to consumer behaviour.There are different situational influences that can change the consumer behaviour in an easy way. Some situational influences are-
- Physical surroundings- Situational factors refer to the marketer’s geographical location, the sounds, lighting and weather. It also includes the design of the outlet.
- Social surroundings- It refers to the society in which people are living. People usually attract towards a product if everyone in the society is buying the same.
- Buyers mood- Sometimes, it just depend upon the mood of the customer whether he buys a product or not (Du Plessis, Strydom and Jooste, 2012).
- Purchasing reason- If a customer has a particular purchasing reason then he should buy that product for sure (Spears, Amos and Yazdanparast, 2015)