Discuss About The Global Competitive Most Of The Corporate?
It is a prerequisite of any human resource manager to treat the organisation’s employees in a manner that the human resources feel as if they are designated in a respectable work environment. It has been experienced in the corporate organisations, that the personnel employed are a creation of the motivation they receive from the external environment. If the positive motivation is provided, the consequences on the behaviour of the employees will be desirable. Alternatively, there is a negative impact on the behaviour of employees if there is poor management with respect to motivation provided to them. Same is the scenario when the question is about managing the human resources internationally (Heathfield, 2016). However, every strategy framed and executed is beyond the scope of geographical boundaries of the country (Vance and Paik, 2015). Internationally, the activities carried out are broader in concept and research keeping the cultural differences in mind which vary according to the country.
In the global and competitive environment most of the corporate organisations are expanding its activities beyond the national boundaries, which mean they are globalising. It is more or less similar to the management of human resources domestically; however the issues dealing with the aspects of employees of a company are handled in an international perspective (Doz, Evans and Laurent, 1989). If we consider the processes involved, then identification of human personnel as to sourcing and procurement, efficiently placing and staffing them, training and developing them, and holding them to contribute in reducing the organisation’s employee turnover strategy are handled in a wider scope. This means that the framework of policies related to the personnel of the company must be supportive to the organisation’s strategy. This indicates that the policies mutually contribute to the company’s plans.
Reinforcement of HRM policies in coordination with firm’s strategy
The main area of focus is upon developing the elements of the corporate strategy related to human resource of the firm in such a way that it contributes to the organisation’s performance. There are indicators which help in achieving the gap between the aspects dealing to manage the personnel of the firm and the organisation’s objectives (Harzing, 2014). If the performance of the organisation is kept in mind while executing the policies to manage the work force, then there is continuity achieved in facing the competitive conditions in the external environment. There are some key areas which indicate the organisation’s objectives and aims for e.g. increasing the share in the market, reduction in the costs incurred in administrative and operational activities, introducing innovation, achieving the sales and increasing the productivity of the company etc. (Miller and Gordon, 2014). Now, attaining mutual coordination between the workforce management in a manner so that the employees contribute to accomplish the firm’s key strategies and targets is known as strategic management of human resource. Being an HR manager this is a very prime area of concern because; the complexity when the company globalizes and become operational internationally increases. There are changes experienced due to high competition with respect to the advancement of cultural aspects and information systems. If there is responsibility taken up by the people in the firm for attaining a good performance level for improving the processes of the business continuously and there is equilibrium between the individual goals of workforce and the firm’s performance then the organisation has desired consequences (Festing, 2013). The aspects dealt in management of people to get the result in company’s performance in a desired way are the satisfaction level of employees, the support system from management to them and realising the motivation and behaviour capabilities of the people etc. It is not only a question to approximate the two organisational and corporate strategy of people’s management, it is also important to identify the methodology the HR manager follows it practically to achieve it. Therefore, issues related to the aspects like determining whether the adaptability of the strategy to manage employee resources and firm’s performance objectives are theoretical or practical will be addressed through this discussion. Also, observation will be made whether the organisations practice this in reality. In addition, the advantages of practices will be recognised to know the result of these strategies on the overall performance.
Challenges encountered to identify the practicality
There is a difficulty in formulating the HR policies to manage the workforce due to diversity and globalized employees. There are ‘n’ number of opportunities and challenges while recruiting the people of diverse culture, different in gender, age and education as the organisation operates in an international environment. It is experienced that there is shortage in either filling the required role with proper skills or there is a shortage experienced in terms of youth employees. An Organisation seeks workforce globally so that they get a good combination of the age and skill for a particular role. This helps them to gain efficiency in the market. To cover this shortage, there is a tendency to employ older workforce so that their work experience match with respect to skills required is achieved. This has posed another challenge being an HR of the company, which is creating healthcare benefits and flexibility in the schedule of the company especially if the work demands more physical work (Machado, 2015). This is eliminated by practicing flexibility in number of hours, styles of working according to difference in individual culture and age in order to retain the best skilled people resources in the firm. Also, the policies are framed keeping into consideration any discrimination against age and cultural differences. Any organisation when operating globally has to take care if the framework of regulations in terms of people resources is government driven (Simons, 2011).Therefore, efforts are being made by both the organisation and the company to create diverse and multicultural environment in the firm so that the imbalance is not there and underutilization of human resource is diminished. Arrangements are made like provision of pursuing the job as a part time is made available to increase productiveness and attain quality.
Secondly, when the scope widens as a HR manager dealing with workforce globally then the process of acquisition, screening the employees when and branding the company through the usage of technology become very complex. The HR department needs to be updated of the technical tools and techniques to integrate the multicultural work force to train and manage them (Guest, Paauwe and Wright, 2012). The strategies have to be cost effective and in compliance with the organisational goals to attain integrity and ethical working without any nuance in the beliefs. For this reason, the process of selection is kept transparent free from any bias and purely based upon performance of the employees. Valuing the employee is given importance and their performance is judged upon the set standards of parameters. Going further, there are issues faced with respect to dealing with holding the skilled workforce after training and development to manage the employee turnover rate of the organisation. In this aspect, the motivation and compensation system plays a vital role in keeping a balance to retain the people. To start with, it is important being an HR manager to hire the candidates selectively by proper screening of their stability in the organisation. The main reason behind this is to match this HR strategy to the organisation’s goal of effective utilization of money spent in intensive training programs. Motivating them and communicating regarding their requirements in terms of job expectations so that they feel themselves a part of the team is necessary for employee satisfaction. Apart from that, taking reviews and suggestions in decision making for framing policies before bringing in change related to various arrangements in the office helps in making them feel respected. Providing job security to increase their engagement by providing them good benefits, incentives, perks, and high remuneration with appraisals time to time help the organisation to a great extent in retention of skilled workforce (Debrincat, 2014).
Mitigation of friction is very commonly faced in a global company who has to deal with a lot of aspects related to differences in perspectives every individual has for executing a particular task. Everyone has a unique approach and a perception which needs to come together with other’s opinions (Cieri, 2017). It is my responsibility, as an HR head to take this as an opportunity to bring in innovation and find creative solutions by deeply studying the diverse ethnicities and varied approaches to do a particular job. Also, practicing association between various traditions and nations will attract more manpower from other geographies. When operating beyond the scope of domestic geographical boundaries of the nation, the laws governing the countries play an important role in dealing with the workforce. The HR policies are to be in accordance with the organisational policies which are framed according to the governmental regulations of a particular country. There has to be a better understanding developed in terms of complying with the dynamic labour rules and regulations which change time to time. It is important to ensure that the policies are flexible enough to change so that they can be updated according to the requirements related to laws of employee migration and visa regulations in terms of local and foreign countries etc.
Advantages of the practices executed contributing to organisational performance
The main emphasis of managing the human resource internationally is to formulate strategies about talent management on global basis. The approach taken to accomplish the human resource objectives is influenced by the organisational strategy (Hartel and Fujimoto, 2014). If the approach is ethnocentric, then the attempt is upon complying the methods followed in the domestic country on other companies. On the other hand, if the approach is polycentric, then local residents are recruited by the host country. The geocentric approach is followed in a way that a universal approach is practiced across the globe. The major advantage of all the challenges and the methods to strategies solutions for them is the organisation gets familiarised by various traditions, beliefs, customs, cultures and behavioural aspects. This gives an opportunity to the firm to get a real life experience about situations where the managers need to bring creativity and find a middle way for efficient handling of the situations (Sparrow, Scullion and Tarique, 2014). Not everybody, in the workforce has a same way of working; therefore there are many differences which come together at one place which need to be channelized to proceed in one direction. This helps in performance management contributing to the firm’s main goal.
Secondly, another big reason why firm’s decide to operate internationally and hiring talent is development of company’s ability to meet the market’s needs with respect to rapid changes due to advancement in practices. In addition the business knowledge regarding various ways of reimbursements, compensation, and programs of taxation is gained about the people transferred to another country (Ackermann, 2014). This is also a good platform for the organisation to learn and grow in reference to identification of the right skills and gaining international knowledge. Managing the human resource globally also develops good relations between the countries (Mello, 2014). Every country has its own governing labour laws. Special agreements are made with the employees of other countries which focus upon employee health benefits and safety provisions, wages, number of hours to work, and working conditions etc. These agreements are based upon the agreed terms and conditions between countries. This builds trust between nations and engages employees to give their best in participating to achieve firm’s performance goals. Along with this adaptability and flexibility are very important factors which are required to bring in changes in the existing functioning of practices followed in the company (Hitt and Shalley, 2017). If the workforce gets equipped with changes in methods related to the job understanding and the knowledge already gathered during training and development, then new methods required to keep updated can be introduced. However, there are instances when there is a lot of resistance from the people of the organisation to change their way of working. This leads to employee dissatisfaction leading to increase the attrition rate which going further increases the cost of the company.
Thus, everything is linked in a process and interdependent contributing to management of performance goal. Apart from that, employee satisfaction is a very big concern to achieve retention of the best talent by the human resource department. When the internal working environment is multicultural, then feedbacks related to the grievances and issues in performing a task is of different perceptions (Aoife, 2012). The learning expands as employees share their experiences and approach to deliver the productivity for achieving targets according to their past work handled (John, 2013). This helps the management in gathering new feedbacks and frame solutions for addressing the grievances. The result of which is high employee satisfaction contributing to the overall organisation’s objective (Longoni, 2014). Being an HR manager of the company, these above elements are to be taken into consideration so that the performance management corporate strategy refers to the overall framework of policies formulated to attain the main objective. These small factors include those elements which are the key indicators of a global environment in which an organisation has to survive. If properly anticipated, then it enhances the employee engagement contributing to the main aim.
When the people of the organisation are well acquainted with the flexibility they need to keep to be updated with the continuous changing human resource rules, policies, techniques and processes, then this results into effective organisational performance. This corporate strategy of performance management needs to align with the overall organisation’s goals. Since, an international environment of a company has a great impact on the survival of the company due to complexity and high competition, the corporate performance strategy has to build a competitive edge when executed and practiced. This contributes to the organisation’s performance. The human resources are similar to the financial assets of the company. In order to survive the cut through competition, it is an opportunity to find effective ways to use expatriates so that global team of employees can be created. It has been observed that when the company is limited to operate with in the domestic scope, it lacks expertise and knowledge to acquire bright and skilled manpower. Alternatively, a good knowledge about business is required when the company manages the talent from subsidiaries based overseas. Good techniques are needed to employ, train and retain the employees from across the world.
The biggest challenge the workforce faces when employed outside the country is a prominent distinction in terms of the pay pattern between the local and an expatriate. In contrary, the positive side is the insight and an international experience gained both by the management and the expat when working overseas. Selection, recruitment, training ,development and retaining the workforce internationally poses many changes on the leading roles of an organisation which further contributes to attaining harmony and an unbiased working culture (Chalofsky, 2014). It helps in breaking the old traditional methods of working and the leaders find it hard to act as the only authority taking major decisions. This introduces new talent in the organisation and contributes for the organisation to operate internationally.
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