Tactical and operational intelligence are two level of intelligence in which the former deals with articulating what the opposition do to prevent accomplishment of one’s vision and latter deals with planning campaigns and activities in accomplish any strategic objective in organization (Clark, 2016). Hence, tactical intelligence is implemented after an operational level planning is done. Although both tactical and operational intelligence have a cyclic relation, however the difference in both approach is that operational intelligence has a wider scope, whereas the tactical intelligence has a narrow scope. Another difference between both forms of intelligence is that the time orientation for both the activity. Tactical intelligence is a short range planning that may continue for less than one year and it may mainly focus on the areas of production and marketing. In contrast, the operational intelligence Management links the strategic goals with tactical goals and has a longer implication for business or a public situation (Ratcliffe, 2016).
In the context of application of the two level of intelligence in policing, the operational intelligence would help to restore a negative public order situations like dealing with a commotion or mob. It promote planning activities to maintain order. Operational intelligence planning helps to locate threat in a public situation, identify the infrastructure needed to deal with threat plan activities to manage adverse situations. Hence, it can be said that in the area of policing, operational intelligence promotes restoring law and order. In addition, the tactical intelligence complements the policing process by gathering all information related to unlawful conduct and planning of the crowd in a public situation. It may help plan operations and identify opportunities to prevent any risk events. It also informs the development of training required in the area of policing (Carter, Phillips, & Gayadeen, 2014). Therefore, the tactical intelligence is based on the information available from operational level plan for a public order situation. The application of this intelligence is beneficial in getting the data about activities of criminal groups in any area and devise proactive plan to address coercion or abduction related cases in public.
Application of the principle of analysis in specific research field:
While conducting any research, the principle of analysis is applied to measure and analysis specific research variables and data. The analysis principle differs for qualitative and quantitative research. The core principle included in research includes the descriptive analysis, correlation, comparison and many others. A descriptive analysis in research is done by tranforming the raw data into a form that can be easily interpreted. It may be done by category formulation and providing geometric number of harmonic mean to them. Secondly, comparative analysis supports comparison of two events or attributes with one another. In qualitative research, inductive reasoning is also taken to analyze research data. In this process management, the data is recorded in a manner to uncover deeper meaning related to human behavior or experience in particular context (Vaismoradi, Turunen, & Bondas, 2013)..
The principle of inductive reasoning was applied in a research for the health care field. The purpose of the research was to explore the experience of nurses in dealing with dementia patient. For this purpose, the data regarding the challenges faced by the participants in caring for dementia patient was collected by means of interview and questionnaire. The data was collected by means of online survey and the data was analysed by means of statistical analysis to explore causal relationship between challenges and dementia patient. Secondly, inductive reasoning approach to data analysis helped to separate general information and take specific data to gain answer to the research process.
After collecting the response of the participants, inductive content analysis was done by reading the response and separating the vitals points related to challenges. Secondly, the selected vital points were further analysed to identify the main categories based on the research question. The challenges for nurse was further subcategorize into dementia care practice, nursing knowledge about dementia, communication related limitation and many others (Ahmad, 2014). Hence, the principle of inductive content analysis increased the validity of research as all the important component leading to challenges for nurses were clearly identified. This validates the research process because main purpose of qualitative research is to develop insight regarding complex factor influencing people’s experience (Percy et al., 2015). Therefore, based on the research data, a pattern of meaning of theory is constructed. There is no predetermined hypothesis for such research.
Ahmad, M. N. (2014). Efficacy of communication among nurses and elderly patients suffering from the dementia of Alzheimer type.
Carter, J. G., Phillips, S. W., & Gayadeen, S. M. (2014). Implementing intelligence-led policing: An application of loose-coupling theory. Journal of Criminal Justice, 42(6), 433-442.
Clark, R. M. (2016). Intelligence analysis: A target-centric approach. CQ press.
Percy, W. H., Kostere, K., & Kostere, S. (2015). Generic qualitative research in psychology. The Qualitative Report, 20(2), 76.
Ratcliffe, J. H. (2016). Intelligence-led policing. Routledge.
Vaismoradi, M., Turunen, H., & Bondas, T. (2013). Content analysis and thematic analysis: Implications for conducting a qualitative descriptive study. Nursing & health sciences, 15(3), 398-405.