Form, structure and language - Revision 1 - GCSE English Literature - BBC Bitesize Essay

Section of

English Literature

A Christmas Time Carol

Dickens wrote a Christmas Carol in the shape of:

  • a novella
  • a ghost story

The tale is written as a novella. This is a short bit of fiction — longer than a short story, but faster than a novel. Dickens published A Christmas Carol on nineteenth December 1843. It had been traditional for ghost stories become look over at the holiday season, and this quick novella kind designed your entire story could possibly be read out loud in a single sitting.


When analysing kind inA xmas Carolyou can refer to:
  • the type of text it is
  • the type of writing
  • the genre

Evidence and explanation of this form used

Ghost story

Dickens's novella features four ghosts in total: Jacob Marley as well as the three Ghosts of Christmas time. He combines the tradition of reading ghost stories with a moral story of redemption.

Dickens used the shape to interest the character of Christmas time and to share a story that has been so popular your very first print run of 6000 copies sold-out by Christmas time Eve in 1843!


The short novella type means the story could be read aloud in a quick time, making it the perfect Christmas activity.

More Guides

  1. Plot summary


  2. Characters


  3. Themes


  4. Form, framework and language
  5. Sample exam question


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