Features And System Requirements Of Communication Technology Essay


Discuss about following questions:
- System requirements and features (advanced capabilities)
- Relevance to the Construction Industry
- Cost Benefit in comparison to relevant software or hardware

Answer:

Introduction

This report aims to discuss the features and system requirements of Communication Technology. A report of Communication Technology in relevance to construction industry is stated. A cost benefit analysis in comparison to hardware or software is provided. Lastly, a conclusion of the above report is provided.

ICT or Information and Communications technology is a dedicated application of Information Technology, which includes some features of communication (Eason 2014). It includes mobile devices, software development, data centres, cloud computing, research networks, cyber security. Communication technology is implemented by construction industry to construct, design, operate and manage the growth (Cheng and Teizer 2013).

Discussion

The requirements for the system of Construction information system are:

2 Sets of PC suggested to be Pentium II 450 MHz and these two sets will be used as the Sybase Database and Report & web server and one more PC set, which will be used as working station. Input devices like key board, mouse, and modem are required to set up information system in construction industry. Back up of information is required, storage devices, hard discs, and magnetic disks are required for efficient information systems. Output devices like monitor, printer, and plotter are necessary for creating effective information system in construction industry (Sacks and Pikas 2013).

The features of Information and communication technology are as follows:

  1. Accurate and fast data processing, with rapid communication and huge-capacity storage between sites. There is an enormous amount of data that are stored in the servers of construction sites. Data processing needs to be fast and efficient so that there is no delay in the access of information for the employees (Tang and Zhang 2013).
  2. There should be an instant availability of information. Employees in construction industry needs real-time information to perform their work more efficiently and accurately. If there is a delay in availability of any information, the employee cannot work without that information and this could affect the business (Bobak, McConnell and Swanson 2013).
  3. Another feature of information systems is that it creates coordination between various systems and sites and provide means for efficient and instantaneous information sharing.
  4. The boundaries for gathering intelligence by an organisation about the environment it is working in are expanded and suppliers and customers get computerised information. Information from various new sources can be accessed by the use of information systems. This information can be useful in the construction industry to create new designs, implement new strategies and increase the productivity. The accuracy degree of an information is provided prevent the managers from getting managers mislead while taking major decisions.
  5. Decision-making processes gets easier with information systems. Management boards and other authorities can make swift and efficient decisions by the use of information systems in the industry. It reduces the ambiguity about any situation and manages to minimise risks while taking effective decisions.
  6. Activities from other organisations can be monitored and suitable modifications can be done in the systems and the knowledge from experiences can influence the present conditions of the industry.
  7. Standards are set against which measurement and comparison of costs and progression is monitored. Material schedules, labour schedules, standards of productivity, schedules for project time, drawings of construction, specifications of quality control, and budgets for project control are included in standards.
  8. Organising effective methods of measurement, collection, verification and quantification of data indicating performance according to cost, time, quality and resources.
  9. Information is gained from data of operations and suitable means are implemented.
  10. Necessary and correct information is reported in a state, which the management can interpret easily and is appropriate for individual supervisors or managers for using.
  11. Exception reports are provided to the management for highlighting critical factors.
  12. Information system provides comprehensive, reliable, precise, consistent, clear and easily understandable information to the employees who are in dire need.
  13. Supporting the decision-making situation is obtained by Information systems.

Applications of information systems in construction industry can be categorised into:

  1. Visualisation and computer assisted design: functions of CAD tools is that it allows any user to create drawings by manipulation of circles, lines, rectangles, and interactive texts on a screen. The basic advantage of CAD software is that it allow editing.
  2. Applications for building engineering: a benefit is gained from this application is that it allows the designers in evaluating alternative design results to reach optimum design (Yu, Haghighat and Fung 2016).
  3. Computer assisted cost estimation: this is a major requirement in a construction project. This kind of estimation retrieves and archives huge volume of resource, conducts accurate and fast calculations, productivity information and costs, and generate respective result in consistent and neat manner.
  4. Site management, scheduling and planning: works of construction requires careful planning and skilled management of humans, and physical incomes. They assist managers who are placed on-site for future planning, evaluation of different options, and adoption and execution of effectual construction operation.
  5. Facilities management with information system: facilities management is based on maintenance, operation, and effect of costs in building operations. Changes in the organisation and exploration of different layouts are carried out by the use of distinct routines, which enable stacking and blocking of studies (Alexander 2013).
  6. Management of information and business: a huge amount of information is generated and disbursed during the construction process. These include cost analysis, surveys of sites, drawings of designs, correspondence, files of computer, fax or e-mails. Document supervision systems creates environment for linking together of these various types of information (Azhar, Khalfan and Maqsood 2015).

Cost benefit analysis

Discount rate

8.00%

Assume the project is completed in Year 0

Year

0

1

2

3

Total

Costs

2,20,000

30,000

20,000

25,000

Discount factor

1.00

0.93

0.86

0.79

Discounted costs

2,20,000

27,900

17,200

19,750

2,84,850

Benefits

0

4,00,000

5,00,000

3,70,000

Discount factor

1.00

0.93

0.86

0.79

Discounted benefits

0

3,72,000

4,30,000

2,92,300

10,94,300

Discounted benefits - costs

(2,20,000)

3,44,100

4,12,800

2,72,550

8,09,450

NPV

Cumulative benefits - costs

(2,20,000)

1,24,100

5,36,900

8,09,450

ROI

28.4%


The discount rate is considered 8%. The NPV is $8, 09,450 and ROI is 28.4%.

NPV or Net Present Value is the variance between present values of cash inflow and the present value of outflows over a period of time.

ROI or Return on Investment is the measure of the loss or gain produced on an investment with respect to the quantity of money invested.

Therefore, it can be concluded that the implementation of Information Systems in the Construction systems is feasible.

Conclusion

Therefore, from the above report it is concluded that the usage of Information systems combined with Internet technologies can modify the current types of administration and working course for methods of construction. Enterprise groups need to produce capabilities that are more competitive by offering significant amount of elasticity and financial benefits. Data of engineering can be synchronised and opened on job site. This will reduce the required time that is needed for document transmission between several parties and enhance efficiency of working time as data can be transmitted and shared efficiently through the internet.

References

Alexander, K. 2013. Facilities management: theory and practice. Routledge.

Azhar, S., Khalfan, M., and Maqsood, T. 2015. Building information modelling (BIM): now and beyond. Construction Economics and Building, 12(4), 15-28.

Bobak, M. K., McConnell, T. A., and Swanson, M. D. 2013. U.S. Patent No. 8,428,983. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Cheng, T., and Teizer, J. 2013. Real-time resource location data collection and visualization technology for construction safety and activity monitoring applications. Automation in Construction, 34, 3-15.

Eason, K. D. 2014. Information technology and organisational change. CRC Press.

Sacks, R., and Pikas, E. 2013. Building information modeling education for construction engineering and management. I: Industry requirements, state of the art, and gap analysis. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(11), 04013016.

Tang, Q. Y., and Zhang, C. X. 2013. Data Processing System (DPS) software with experimental design, statistical analysis and data mining developed for use in entomological research. Insect Science, 20(2), 254-260.

Yu, Z. J., Haghighat, F., and Fung, B. C. 2016. Advances and challenges in building engineering and data mining applications for energy-efficient communities. Sustainable Cities and Society, 25, 33-38.

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