Evacuation Movement In Apartment Buildings Essay

Question:

Discuss About The Evacuation Movement In Apartment Buildings?

Answer:

Introducation

The September 11, 2001 attack commonly known as the 9/11 attacks was a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks on United States. The attack killed around 3000 People and injured more than 6000 people. It caused around $10 Billion loss in infrastructure and property damaged. The attack changed the minds of several leading engineers and brought up several questions over the disaster. management consequently discussed over years and finally brought up with a conclusion which has amendments over the Construction Standards and Infrastructure Standards.

Major Changes After 9/11

The 9/11 incident brought up several changes in International codes. Some of them are being listed below.

  • Elevators are required in High rise buildings (commonly known as skyscrapers), more than 120ft tall, which marketing it easy for the fire fighters to get to the point.
  • Apart from a general stairway, there requires an additional stairway for high-rises more than 420ft high.
  • A higher standard for fire resistance must be provided in High rises more than 420ft high.
  • Shafts enclosing elevators and exit stairways that have impact resistant walls.
  • Self-Luminous exit pathway markings in all exit stairways must be provided, as it acts as a necessary one when both the primary and secondary lighting fails.

These changes have been appreciated by several persons around the world. Some of them are,

Charles Lewis (In a National Post) said. “The Code Council has done an admirable job in that regard. Beyond that, building owners, operators and state and local governments will need to be ever vigilant and tailor their preventive strategies based on threat and risk assessment.”

Topic To Be Considered For Case Study:

In the modern world elevators has become an ideal part of the life style. Being in a high rise building there needs to be adequate provision of Good working elevators at a speed of movement. Considering the fact of safety and the provision of speed evacuating of the persons from an accident zone it brings up important to notice. Henceforth it is being considered for the case study.

Not only provision of adequate elevators also the provision of fire protected, and structurally hardened elevators must be provided to bring emergency response activities in high rise buildings by providing active tactical decision aids.

Additional Stairway:

Additional stairway is needed in a high rise building as it brings up to notice that while evacuating the width of staircase is very much essential or else it will lead to a stampede and create a lot of disaster. An auditing stairway with regular safety fire exits and proper fire extinguishers and mostly important.

Self Luminous Exit Pathway Markings:

Humans are often relating to the lighting and visibility of a living or a workplace. Hence the self-luminous pathway markings have become the ideal part of the discussion. The self-luminous pathway markings are done in all commercial buildings after 9/11 incident. Careful considerations have been done for this process.

Case Study Plan:

The above-mentioned factors are to be considered for the case study plan. The case study plan consists of the following contents to be covered

  • Standard before 9/11 on the case study
  • Damages because of the lag in standard on 9/11
  • Careful consideration points on the standard after 9/11
  • Clear view point on the standard
  • Deriving at possible solutions on the case study
  • Finalizing the solution of the case study standard
  • Implementation and amendment of the standard

References

Lie, T.T., (2015), Structural Fire Protection, American Society of Civil Engineers, P-232.

Lioy, J.P., Weisel, P.C., et.al., (2002), Characterization of Dust/smoke aerosol that settled east of the WTC, Environmental Healthcare Perspectives, PP-703-714

Peters, T.F., Drummer, H.O., & Musshoff, F., (2007) Validation of New Methods, Forensic Science Internation, Vol-165 Issue 2-3, PP-216-224

Proulx, G., (1995), Evacuation Time and Movement in apartment Buildings, Fire Safety Journal, Vol-24 Issue 3, PP-229-246.

William, L., Waugh, & Streib, G., (2006) Collaboration and Leadership for Effective Emergency Management, Americal Society for Public Administration, PP-131-140

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