Essay on Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solution -

Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants in to the environment. These toxins contaminates the environment. It's a hazardous influence on the natural world as well as on the actions of residing beings.

Pollution originates from the Latin term ‘polluere’ which means to defile. Polutus is a Latin word which derives from lutum, meaning mud. And from this we obtain the notion of pollution as one thing soiling. Pollution is a thing that contaminates a given substance. Pollution is a gas (like CO2), a solid (including synthetic), a liquid (like oil) or something like that natural like germs.

The major forms of ecological pollution are polluting of the environment, water air pollution, noise air pollution, thermal pollution, soil pollution and light air pollution. (Please see the article on several types of pollution to understand more about any of it.)

Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also contributes to ecological pollution. During the last 10 years, the entire world has witnessed serious increase in environmental pollution.

Everyone survive planet earth, that will be the only real planet recognized to have a host, in which air and water are a couple of fundamental things that sustain life. Without atmosphere and water the planet earth will be like the other planets – no man, no pets, no plants. The biosphere by which living beings have their sustenance has oxygen, nitrogen, skin tightening and, argon and water vapor. All these are balanced to make certain which help a healthier development of life into the animal globe. This balance cannot just help the life-cycles of pets and flowers, but it also produces the perennial resources of minerals and energies without that the human civilization of to-day could not be built. It is for this balance that the peoples life as well as other types of presence have actually flourished in the world for a lot of countless years.

Additionally browse: Short paragraph on air pollution

Aided by the dawn of the chronilogical age of technology and technology, there is huge growth and development of human potentials. The surge in pollution can be related to the wide scale urbanization and large-scale industrialization, which will be consequently an item of our development in technology and technology. And, it is right here that guy first began losing control and became target of his or her own creations.

Also read: Pollution: Different Types of Pollution

Sources and Causes

The sources and results in of environmental pollution includes the following:

  • Industrial activities: The companies all over the globe that brought prosperity and affluence, made inroads within the biosphere and disturbed the environmental balances. The pall of smoke, the swirling gases, commercial effluents plus the fall-out of scientific experiments became constant health hazards, polluting and contaminating both atmosphere and water. The improper disposal of industrial wastes would be the sources of soil and water air pollution. Chemical waste resulting from industry can pollute lakes, rivers and seas and soil too including releasing fumes.
  • Dumping solid waste: domestic and commercial waste pollutes the surroundings you should definitely disposed of properly.
  • Vehicles: The smoke emitted by automobiles making use of petrol and diesel plus the cooking coal additionally pollutes the surroundings. The multiplication of cars, emitting black smoke that, being free and unfettered, spreads out and mixes with the atmosphere we inhale. The harmful smoke of these cars causes air pollution. Further, the sounds made by these vehicles produces reasons noise-pollution.
  • Rapid urbanization and industrialization: The urbanization together with fast growth of industrialization are causing through environmental pollution the greatest problems for the plants, which often causing injury to your pet kingdom and peoples lives.
  • Population overgrowth: as a result of increase in populace, especially in developing countries, there is rise sought after for fundamental meals, occupation and shelter. The planet has witnessed massive deforestation to expand take in the growing populace and their demands.
  • Combustion of fossil fuels: The combustion of fossil fuels pollutes the air, the soil together with water with noxious gases like CO2 and CO.
  • Agricultural waste: Fertilizers and pesticides utilized in farming are foundational to reasons for environmental pollution.

Also read: sourced elements of Water, Air and Soil Pollution


Environmental Pollution can have devastating impacts on sea life, on plants as well as on individual health. It impacts all plant, individual and animal life in a negative method. Almost all of our gains in fields of industrial progress, technology and technology had to date been recognized at price of our health and wellness. Also our plants and creatures had been discovered to be threatened with extinction.

All this actually simply leaves us wondering if all our achievements and industrial civilization really help us climb the peaks of prosperity or simply just simply take us down the blind alleys of adversity. Issue is being raised whether all is well with your industrial development and progress in the field of technology and technology.

Numerous crusaders against environmental pollution are vehemently protesting against the indiscriminate violations committed daily within the title of development.

The environmental air pollution isn't due to the fall-out from nuclear tests or industries alone. The smoke left behind the automobiles along with other vehicular traffic, the increasing utilization of synthetic detergents, nitrogen fertilizers and insecticides contaminate both air and water.

  • Contamination of water: The water we drink the veggies are typical contaminated to-day. Due to this contamination the world is suffering from a large number of incurable conditions.
  • Depletion of fresh water: Environmental air pollution affects water sources which signify there is certainly less fresh water available for drinking, washing, cooking and irrigating crops.
  • Unsafe: Unless pollution levels are brought down, absolutely nothing these days is resistant, no life is safe, and the future of the globe is bleak.
  • Brain and heart problems: The factories are mostly built-in populated areas while the smoke-emitting automobiles ply through congested areas. Besides causing immense disturbances, you can find increasing instance of pulmonary tuberculosis and thrombosis as well as other sorts of brain and heart complications.
  • Air-pollution relevant conditions: Air-pollution might cause severe lungs-diseases, asthma, brain-disorder conditions, etc.
  • minimal Farm Output: Soil-pollution could have negative effect on farm output ratio. It can also contaminate the ground water.
  • Effect on auditory sense organs: Noise-pollution have actually negative effects on hearing or auditory sense organs. Additionally cause deafness, tiredness, and psychological losses.
  • Rise in environmental temperature: the warmth generated by industries and vehicles causes thermal pollution by increasing environmentally friendly temperature of this nearby areas.
  • Extinction of species: there are numerous endangered species of both flowers and animals. Many researchers believe that we're living in a time of mass extinction, as a result of individual made ecological pollution.

The birth of mills and factories may be the result of the growth of industry in this machine-predominated age. As long as they will be here, they have to give off smoke, pollute the atmosphere and hasten our end by slow-poisoning.

The worst industrial environment tragedy took place at Bhopal on December 3, 1984 due to toxic and poisonous leakage of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gasoline from a multi-national Union Carbide pesticides manufacturing plant. Over 2000 people including girl and kids were killed, and hundreds had been seriously hurt.


What then is the remedy? Lots of air pollution derives from human being activity. As a result, it's we people who can have the ability to stop air pollution. But, here clearly may not be any radical solution, the current factories cannot be bodily lifted to a location definately not the populated zone. However, the next attempts are made to resolve the issue of ecological pollution.

  • The us government can about see that future factories are create at a remote destination, an industrial complex far from township.
  • Researcher might find down how to avoid harmful smoke from operating automobiles. Countries, around the world, are promoting the utilization of on environment-safe electronic cars.
  • Deforestation ought to be stopped and Forestry should really be developed. Forests help united states combat air pollution in lots of ways. The woods bind the soil and prevents soil pollution. In addition they aid in preserving the biodiversity which very important to ecosystem stability. Trees takes in COs and releases air and contributes in purifying he air.
  • Factory wastes must certanly be disposed in environment-safe manner. Discharge of Factory wastes in streams must be prohibited so as to make the river-water free from pollution.
  • Recycle the sewage or in all events it could be removed in a way regarding avoid it from polluting the environment.
  • Reducing the total amount that we purchase, reusing and repairing products whenever we can, and recycling as much as we could will all help lessen the number of waste dumped into the environment. When we do need to dispose of waste we ought to do this responsibly.
  • Organic agriculture could possibly be one solution for reducing environmental air pollution amounts.
  • Using fewer plastic materials would aid in managing plastic pollution.
  • Disposing of litter and chemical substances responsibly.
  • Burning fewer fossil fuels.


  1. The UN Conference on Human Environment had been convened to review the profound alterations in the relationship between man and their environment inside wake of modern scientific and technological developments.
  2. The World Health Organization additionally create a worldwide community for the monitoring and study of air pollution on an international scale and for creating possible remedies.


We can well spot the irregular behaviour of the seasons – the period developing clogs in its wheels; additionally the worried specialists fear your disturbed stability in the biosphere has thought such severe percentage that very soon our world will be uninhabitable like Hiroshima of 1945. However it is heartening to find the planet aware of the menace. Some of the higher level countries have taken some measures to satisfy it. If we fail to restore the ecological balance at this time, it would be too late the next day.

Updated with input from different contributors.

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