The use of plastic bottles in the United States is increasing from the last century. Plastic bottles have enhanced the pollution in environment through the considerable percentage (Rachael 2014). There are many companies that are suing the plastic bottles in order to pack the drinking water or other ready to drink items. The increase in the use of plastic bottles is increasing at the alarming rate (Rachael 2014). This essay looks into the plastic bottles in the U.S. This essay intends to come up with the dangers related to plastic bottles, and support the readers with elimination solutions, so that they could reduce the environmental dangers (Munger 2013).
Plastic water bottles are usually available anywhere that too at the low price and at easy convenience (Munger 2013). Currently, plastic bottle are used in the microscope, as the industries that are unnecessary inefficient and wasteful, when the clean water of tap is available in various countries of the world (Terry 2012). There are many solutions as well as alternatives, which are proposed such as, ban of bottle water, ban on the production of plastic, which is made through the resources other than the oil; adopting the system of filtration in order to refill the stations (Terry 2012).
Every proposed solution present the various and different set of positive as well as negative attributes, in order to progress towards the goal for adopting the sustainable distributing water system; it is quite imperative that all the positive attributes of every alternative are actually embraced and built over it (Knight 2013). Despite of having the strict type of regulations over the quality of water in America, the demand for plastic bottle has increased constantly (Ma 2014). Presently, around 20% of the total population depends on the plastic bottles for their regular hydration (Peterson’s 2010).
In the year 1990, the plastic bottle use has considerably increased, and this has happened as there are many soft drinks companies has set up and has produced the ready to drink items (Carlson 2010). All these companies opted for the plastic bottles, due to many certain reasons. Plastic bottles also offered wide range of benefits to the companies (Carlson 2010). Plastic bottles seemed to have semi-rigid towards rigid that relies over the lightweight and thickness (Miller and Spoolman 2010). The plastic bottles provide fair gas as well as barriers of moisture, solvent and alcohol barriers (Carlson 2010). They also make use of the polyvinyl alcohol, in order to minimize the permeability. The companies also make use of the plastic bottles, as they provide cheap way of manufacturing it (Carlson 2010).
Plastic bottles are compared with various other types of packaging that offers the chance of recycling (Jamieson 2008). The use of plastic bottles has started becoming crucial issue to the world as well as United States. In U.S, for example, the use of plastic bottles increased by 500% (Jamieson 2008). Currently, around 1 ? million tons of plastic is used in water bottle, and soft drinks in a year (Jamieson 2008). The rate by which plastic bottle gas used has remarkably gone high in comparison to its recycling (Jamieson 2008). This has happened as the plastic recycling has become messy and inefficient. The plastic bottle recycling is not actually at the similar pace, same as in production (Jamieson 2008).
The rate through which these companies are entering into the market has overturned the rate by which they are recycled (Roza 2008). Once the people use these bottles, they actually throw them. The use of plastic bottles has posed serious issues of environment in the USA. The issues related with the use of plastic bottles have impacted every person (Flounders 2014). It also impacts the children, adults, female, men, and youth in the society (Roza 2008). Mainly, it impacts the complete citizenry, in every part of USA. This happened due to the use of plastic bottles that pollutes the environment (Flounders 2014). The issues related to the use of plastic bottles have impacted the environment in direct way, and the people who interact with the environment also get impacted (Flounders 2014).
For example, in the year 2006, 2 million of the ? liter bottles in the USA (Boone and Kurtz 2011). They created around thousands of tons of plastic that increase global warming pollution as well as disturb the air position (Boone and Kurtz 2011). Alone in New York, the bottled water from Western Europe calculated that 2800 tons of global warming pollution has gone in the atmosphere (Boone and Kurtz 2011). In the city of California, 18 million of the plastic bottle has caused around 2500 tons of the global warming pollution. Issues come across the fact that plastic bottle don’t be biodegrade, they actually form the permanent form of landfills (Boone and Kurtz 2011). Every year, people in America throw 6 million of bottles. It’s noted that from the 26 bison, there are only 15% of the bottles that get recycled. This has resulted into clogging of the landfills that cause through the lack of system of recycling of plastic bottle (Boone and Kurtz 2011).
The plastic bottles mainly use the various fossil fuels, which usually pollute the environment (Boone and Kurtz 2011). People in USA usually purchase the bottle water in comparison to other people in the world. Present bottled water comes to around 29 billion of the plastic bottles in the environment (Boone and Kurtz 2011). For the purpose of come up with amount of plastic bottle, manufacturers make use of 17 million around of barrel of crude oil. This cost to the country in context of the fuel, which goes in the bottled water production (Boone and Kurtz 2011).
The issues related to the use of plastic bottle include the fact that from the six bottles used; one of them goes in the recycling process. The other end of the plastic bottle goes in rivers, oceans land, or lakes (Boone and Kurtz 2011). The plastic bottle manufactures needs to have the combination of petroleum and gas. Therefore, the plastic bottle production carets the upsurge the process of fuel as there is high demand (Boone and Kurtz 2011). Most of the plastic bags and bottles usually create the important economic as well as environmental burden (Boone and Kurtz 2011). They usually consume the increasing energy as well as other natural resources, which degrade the environment in various ways. Along with this, using the fossil fuel and various other resources, plastic items try to create the litter, impact marine life as well as threaten the base of life on the earth (Boone and Kurtz 2011). They also produce around 25 million of tons of plastic in US each year (Boone and Kurtz 2011).
It’s noted that in the year 2009, around 30 million tons of plastic was generated in America, and around 2 million ton was actually recovered (Miller and Spoolman 2010). In the year 2009, around 2.12 million ton of plastic was recycled in America. But only 7.1% was generated in 2009 (Miller and Spoolman 2010). In the year 2009, recycling arte of plastic bottle was around 2.5 billion pounds that comes to around 28% of the plastic bottles, which are consumed in the USA (Miller and Spoolman 2010). As per the economics, in the year 2009, around $485 million of plastic was wasted in America, which comes from 1000 households living in USA and comes from middle income group (Miller and Spoolman 2010).
As per the accessibility, there are around 94% of the Americans that has access to the recycling of plastic bottle and around 40% of the total population can recycle their plastic containers such as lids as well as dairy tubs (Miller and Spoolman 2010). In around 100 cities through the 2500 community person, the population percentage having the accessibility to recycle the plastic containers along with bottles has increased by the year 2008 (Miller and Spoolman 2010). According to recycled content, around 8 million of the plastic bottles that are produced in America in 2009 are recycled; the material produced is around 22 million of the large t-shirts (Miller and Spoolman 2010). The plastic bottle recycle in 2009, offer the raw material of 7 million shirts, and 44% rise in 2009 of recycled plastic is used in beverage and food (Miller and Spoolman 2010).
As per the energy, every pound of the recycled plastic that is used in place of virgin material eliminate the use of energy in the production of plastic by 84% along with 71% of greenhouse gas emission (Miller and Spoolman 2010). In case of plastic bags and recycling, in the year 2009, there is around 855 million pounds of plastic bottle is recycled in USA that comes to around 31% from 2005 (Miller and Spoolman 2010). In case of economics, only 9% of the total plastic bottles were recycled in 2009, which implies 3470 tons (Miller and Spoolman 2010).
United States is the worst offender in case of plastic bottle. The country top in the top trash producer all over the world, that comes to around 5% of the population of earth that generates around 40% of the waste of the earth (DIANE Publishing Company 1991). It’s noted that typical family of US consumes around 182 gallons of the soda, 29 gallons of the juice, around 104 gallons of the milk, and around 26 gallons of the bottled water every year (DIANE Publishing Company 1991).
The main question is that how US could become environmentally sound place in concern to plastic bottles (Ogunseitan 2011). There are many other countries like UK and Japan that are instituted towards recycling programs in order to reduce the plastic bottle waste (Ogunseitan 2011). Curiously, there are many laws, which actually non-existent in the country like America, and many voluntary efforts are taken that have become unsuccessful (Ogunseitan 2011).
In case of the plastic bottles, there might be laws that make deposit and make it mandatory to recycle the plastic bottle (Miller and Spoolman 2010). There are many states that have made the laws mandatory. In the United States, they have deposits of plastic bottles, and the rate of recycling has increased by 85% by the year 2008 (Miller and Spoolman 2010). The possible factors of plastic bottles can also be applied in case of aluminum cans, and deposit could also be imposed (Miller and Spoolman 2010). However, it’s noted that aluminum is consistently worth of money at the scrap dealer; therefore, one could think about the monetary compensation (Miller and Spoolman 2010).
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