ERP With Internet Of Things Essay

Question:

Discuss about the ERP With Internet Of Things.

Answer:

Introduction

The internet of things refers to a series of devices which can be connected to the phenomenon of the internet. There are a wide range of devices that can be connected through thee implementation of the technique through which the activity which are conducted in the daily life can be changed. This change is for the betterment reducing the overall effort a human being exerts in achieving some kind of benefit from a technology (Uhl & Gollenia, 2016). According to the definition of the internet of things it stated that, an internet of thing is a network of internet connected objects that are able to exchange and collect information or data using the technology of sensors which are embedded. On the other hand, any standalone device which can be connected to the internet which can be monitored or controlled from anywhere can be considered as an internet of things device (Mocker et al., 2016).

This report put direct emphasis on the concept of the internet of things with putting limelight on the concept of enterprise systems’ integrated with the internet of things (IoT).

Summary of the article

The case study which can be directly related to the topic which is Enterprise Systems’ integration with Internet of Things (IoT) is the IBM: Drive enterprise transformation through the internet of thing. IBM is considered as a company which is at a forefront at helping the clients to Implement new technology that can reform the operation efficiency as well as recast the customer experience, enables companies to reimagine how the industry related to their operation operates and revolutionize the overall model with the aspect of the business. It is not a secret that the technology which is related to the internet of thing has developed and mainly evolved over the past few years (Jaluka , Meliksetian & Gupta, 2016). putting emphasis on the availability which is related to the data, affordable sensors and the connection which is considered to be fast have radically developed or increase in the context. Moreover, the approach has introduced so many new concepts that it has can get the way the business are oriented. This transformation is sometimes very much complex in order to achieve a specific business area, in this concept the IBM is overall as a whole body in order to incorporate those ideas into the business area (Bui, 2017).

One of the way in which the IBM is helping other organisation to achieve the standard set by the internet of things is that by providing an infrastructure which is technological in order to launch a new business line. The concept of wireless communication and sensors have helped the company in order to achieve the monitoring aspect. Daimler which was founded in the year 1964 was one of the world’s premier automotive manufacturer which emphasised on producing high recognizable branch for example Maybach, Mercedes and freightliners (Sharma, Sharma & Mishra, 2017). Not satisfied with the concept of the internet of things, the company turned its interest to IBM in order to help them launch car2go which mainly represents a bold reimaging of the role of the automakers in the transportation industry, and none of what it would implement would have been impossible without the basic concept of the internet of things.

The result of the case study

Taking into account the opportunity to order process, putting emphasis on a project was mainly delivered on time to the streamline mid-market sales deal registration. Using the basic concept of the rules and the workflow in the automation technology with the framework of the IBM, ODM and the BPM, the project reduced the deal registration cycle time and ultimately the sales win rate (Lu et al., 2017).

As a part of the procure to pay process a project was delivered in order to improve the instructions of the IBM’s supply chain. The project has mainly delivered annual saving of over $2m by mainly improving the timeless related to the notification when the supply chain disruption occurs. Also with the framework of the opportunity to order area, a project was delivered that mainly reduced in order to create a cross brand pricing estimate from the 14th day to 1-4 days; deployment of the new guidelines where estimated to the new territories now take of a day’s aspect rather than the time frame of weeks

Within the framework of the channel process and the manage sales, a project was delivered that mainly enables the manager within the territory of the growth of the market to themselves update regarding the factors involved in the concept and the updating factors which are related to the rules that are assign to a location codes to activities. Although the work which was involved in this scenario was taken as a simple administrative duty or activity, the procedure was considered to be bottleneck in the wider area involved in the setting of the new sales operation which is related to the growth of the market; the cycle time was reduced highly from the serveral weeks of time period to a mere days’ time period option (Sharma, Sharma & Mishra, 2017).

Overview of the internet of things

The evolution in the field of the technology has mainly lead to the evolution factor in the field of technology. Taking into account a key capability of the industry is can be considered as the collection of the data directly from the production steps. Bringing into account the technical capabilities different mangers of different organisation thinks that can achieve excellence in any field by merely implementing the operational and the business prospective. The internet of things devices enables the concept of the technology which is required mainly for the collection of the data form the production steps (Munir, Kansakar & Khan, 2017). The data is mainly analysed using the knowledge extraction technique or the concept of the big data analytics in order to directly improve the business efficiency.

The integration of the internet of things into the enterprise related theory has many challenges and problems which can be related to the concept of communication, security, management and social issues. Therefore, the role of the managers gets increased in such a situation where the managers have to create or develop various strategies in the field of integration of the devices into the legacy system which is considered to be new (Cui, 2016).

Internet of things transformation guidelines

Organisation who tend to achieve the implementation of the internet of things merely does so in order to achieve the transformation in order to reduce the cost, increase competitiveness and increase the overall profit when relating to the organisation (Bassi et al., 2016). During the process of transformation when relating to the concept of the internet of things the managers need to deal with not only technical aspects but also the issues that can be directly related to social economy. So it can be stated that are mainly two aspects that have to be taken care of one being the technical issue part and the other being the social issue part (Botta et al., 2017). Privacy and ethics the internet of things usually collect data from many sources for example from system, machines, products and even from employees and the customers. All the data which are collected are send over to the servers or the data centres. Some of the data which are collected in such a method can be sensitive and could contain private data of the user or in different aspect. This data collection method can sometimes be considered as creating an ethical and privacy issue (Munir, Kansakar & Khan, 2017). There are mainly two methods which can be involved during the data collection method to ensure that the data privacy is maintained during the process. in the first method, the internet of thing user sets the basic permission. This approach is very much similar to ethical privacy language definition. However, the users are very much familiar with this kind of approach because they have come across such concepts in the smart phones which they use. Taking into account the second step which is, the user is mainly informed about the collection of data with the help of a message which mainly indicates that it is mainly done to serve the business needs (Sharma, Sharma & Mishra, 2017). There can be more than one method that can be implemented in the second process of collecting the data (Anderson, 2017).

Technical issue part

In this section the technical aspect is directly taken into consideration.

Technical solutions

First of all, the business process should be taken into consideration bringing into account the need of the identifying the major area that can be improved with the implementation of the internet of things. The solution to the aspect is choosing an appropriate internet of things solution, during the process the managers have to be very much careful (Chui, 2017). In this aspect the main role of the managers is conducting various analysis which can be done using the multi criteria decision making techniques which are available with the help of the transformation related to the internet of things project stakeholders (Munir, Kansakar & Khan, 2017). The inputs which are received from the employee also play a very vital role in this aspect. It shou8ld be taken into account that the concept of early adopters in less risky than an early majority. There are many studies that are related to the methods of communication and problems which are relate to it. The main issue which is taken into account t in this case is the deployment of the internet of things devices. The internet of things is capable of collecting information from all the locations and production steps in the organisation. The data which is collected sometimes have to processed in the real time for the service which are related to the concept in order to achieve the degree of corrective action and preventions. In this regards it can be stated that the offline data are very much useless. Enhanced technique and communication device can sometimes solve the existing problem which is related to the real time data problem which are related to the transmission. There the managers should take into account the aspect of modernizing the infrastructure which is related to the communication which is mainly based on the latency and the requirement of speed in the transformation of the data (Mulani & Pingle, 2016).

Interoperability

In real time the term interoperability can be related to multi-dimensional aspect. service oriented architecture (SOA) in order to integrate the Internet of things devices into the legacy and current system is recommended in a majority of times. Therefore, with regards to the managers they shou8ld seek the SOA based solution in the acquisition relating to the new enterprise information system. Furthermore, they should also investigate the methods in order to enable their legacy which is involved in their work with the service oriented architecture based system (Lin et al., 2016)

Security

It is estimated by the end of 2020 there would be more than 50 billion devices which would be connected and among theme about two third of the devices would be sensor based. Putting limelight on this case it could be seen that most of the devices would be used for the utilization of the business processes and the production purpose (Bughin & Chui, 2017). The internet of things can bring in hand many advantages that can be directly be related to the business concept. However, with the aspect of the advantages there would be many securities issue that can be related in this case. The use of the devices related to the internet of things should not completely compromise the features of the security which are related to it. The key aspect which should be considered in this case is to balance the features of the usability and the security in the use of the devices which is related to the implementation of the internet of things. This is due to the factor that there is an inherent trade-off mark between the usability and the security (Osseiran et al., 2017)

Device management

Organisation should try to manage the different devices and the different brands of the internet of things from a single console device. The central management of the devices which are connected can directly enable the Information technology department to monitor and install and update the devices very much remotely. Therefore, it can be concluded that the central management of the heterogeneous internet of things devices directly helps in achieving the aspect of efficiency which can be related to the business prospective (Palattella et al., 2016).

Social Issue

User acceptance

According to a study it has been seen that the main barrier which can be related to any technology acceptance is the user resistance. Therefore, it should be the role of the manager to seek user acceptance during the basic information technology transformation (?ren, 2016). Taking into account a general situation, the employee does not always accept the changes ones it is made in one go. Studies show that the percentage of the early adaptation in the enterprise level are very much low. The mangers should be very much open in the aspect of the result which is expected from the transformation which is made. If at any situation there is a downsizing, the manager should play the role in which the employee is chosen correctly which are mainly facing the layoffs. On the other hand, it should be stated that not all technical transformation leads to downsizing. In such a situation the managers should create an environment where the climate of the organisation would be such in which the employees trust the managers and trust the decisions which are taken by the manager (Thierer , Castillo & Russell, 2017).

Organisation who tend to achieve the implementation of the internet of things merely does so in order to achieve the transformation in order to reduce the cost, increase competitiveness and increase the overall profit when relating to the organisation (Riggins & Keskin, 2017). During the process of transformation when relating to the concept of the internet of things the managers need to deal with not only technical aspects but also the issues that can be directly related to social economy. So it can be stated that are mainly two aspects that have to be taken care of one being the technical issue part and the other being the social issue part (Mihovska & Sarkar, 2017).

Privacy and ethics the internet of things usually collect data from many sources for example from system, machines, products and even from employees and the customers. All the data which are collected are send over to the servers or the data centres. Some of the data which are collected in such a method can be sensitive and could contain private data of the user or in different aspect (Thierer , Castillo & Russell, 2017). This data collection method can sometimes be considered as creating an ethical and privacy issue. There are mainly two methods which can be involved during the data collection method to ensure that the data privacy is maintained during the process. in the first method, the internet of thing user sets the basic permission. This approach is very much similar to ethical privacy language definition. However, the users are very much familiar with this kind of approach because they have come across such concepts in the smart phones which they use. Taking into account the second step which is, the user is mainly informed about the collection of data with the help of a message which mainly indicates that it is mainly done to serve the business needs. There can be more than one method that can be implemented in the second process of collecting the data (Anderson, 2017).

Education and training

The two aspect which are education and the training can be considered as the two of the most important features which can be used in achieving success in the internet of things. The education and the training are very much important and always play a very vital role in any type of technological transformation (Norman, 2017). The two aspect of education and training would direct training the user in order to making them sure that the misuse of the device is prevented (Thierer , Castillo & Russell, 2017). On the other hand, it would equip the user with the basic knowledge how to gain advantage from the technology with involving the full potential of the technology. Creation of a help desk in order to support the customer and make them informed about the technology would be a very smart move by the organisation in order to achieve the standard which they want to adopt (Kranz, 2016).

Management support

When a change is taken into consideration each and every member of the organisation should be directly involved in the change. In addition of the information technology staff the mangers should also play a role of supporting the IT enabling transition. In order to achieve a better IT, transition few factors should be taken into consideration (Diez, Ott & Weber, 2016). The factors are sharing a common vison, good leadership, following a viable strategy and the most important point which can be related in any field is taking up of responsibility. Further theses factor can be directly being related to the speeding up process when Internet of Things is related to the transition. Mangers have the full power of playing the role of an influencer with the employee of the organisations (Sharma, Sharma & Mishra, 2017). The concept of management support is very much crucial in securing the adequate funding and the human resource necessities. In short it can be concluded that the management support is a success factor when relating to a IT project including the concept of the internet of things transformation (Ehret & Wirtz, 2017).

Conclusion

In this report, a detailed guideline is produced for the integration of the internet of things (IoT) devices into the enterprise information system. This report mainly puts direct emphasis on the concept of the internet of things providing a detailed recommendation which are related to the social as well as technical issue in the field of transformation in the sector of internet of things. It can be stated the number of social issue in the case are more than the issues which are related to the technical field of area. The solving of the technical problems related to the issue would not be enough in the sphere of achieving success in the transformation which in this case is related to the implementation of the internet of things. Therefore, solving and investigating the issue which are related to the social aspect of the transformation related to the internet of things is very much important as taking into consideration the concept of solving the technical problem which are related to the field.

So it is a justified statement that, an Organisation who tend to achieve the implementation of the internet of things merely does so in order to achieve the transformation in order to reduce the cost, increase competitiveness and increase the overall profit when relating to the organisation. During the process of transformation when relating to the concept of the internet of things the managers need to deal with not only technical aspects but also the issues that can be directly related to social economy. So it can be stated that are mainly two aspects that have to be taken care of one being the technical issue part and the other being the social issue part.

References

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