The topic under consideration for answering the below questions is change in climate change due to the impact of human interventions. Human activity has risen to alarming levels due to economic, cultural, aesthetic and spiritual have been responsible for a large number of changes within the environment due to global rise in population levels (Ghai & Vivian 2014).
These factors have led to changes in biodiversity in varying proportions. These changes in turn lead to a lot of changes in vulnerability to species invasions. There are also evidences of changes in specific traits as a direct consequence of such changes (Dincer & Rosen 2012). Thus this altered ecosystem process can influence complete ecosystem and a feedback generated can help the humanity to mitigate the damage done to biodiversity. This was also lead to certain rules and structures in place to avoid such issues. Yet for the context of this essay we will use the context of farming practices that have resulted in climate change in a number of ways.
What are the consequences and impact of current farming practices for global climate change?
Climate change has become a major factor of agricultural production and farming output. Agriculture is predominantly a prime factor behind human welfare and thus climate change and its effects on productivity cam be felt throughout the human race. There has been a keen interest and thus resulting in research on the effects of climate change on agriculture over the past few years (Rosenzweig & Parry 2014).
Climate change has effected crop and cattle production. It has also led to the supply and demand mismatch. There could also be hydrologic imbalances and mismatch of other agricultural systems (Lal 2014). Climate change leads to changes in temperature and precipitation. It also affects the incidence and cruelty of extreme events like droughts and floods. This thus effects the crop and livestock yields almost directly. The other parameters that are affected are biophysical effects and the human responses to such irregularities.
The other factors are carbon dioxide increase, greenhouse effect will severely deter the plant produce and thus the agro-ecosystems will be severely damaged. The third and important factor that gets altered is the severity and occurrence of soil erosion and flash floods. This alters the livestock and food production in a large number of ways.
The importance of Bio- Diversity. Source: Environment Daily
In their own words, “climate change refers to a statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability... Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcing, or to persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use” (IPCC, 2001).
What are some of the solution or alternate land-use practices that could be developed to reduce global greenhouse emission and decelerate climate change?
There are several ways in which the consequences of environmental activities can be mitigated. There could be legal and socially acceptable ways to monitor such progress.
The several ways can be changes in scientific community interventions that can guide and inform citizens about the damage from time to time (Adams & Leary 2008).
Let us look at each of these mitigation efforts one at a time. The community must identify its efforts that lead to a generation of nonlinearities and a complete threshold of responses in the complete ecosystem that can lead to changes. They must strive to move in a faster way to decide and decipher the changes in environmental diversity.
The next idea is around awareness and spreading the word that changes in biodiversity also impacts the environment in a large number of ways. The scientific community and the proactive citizens must convey the message to policy makers, public servants and also the public since there are a lot of public awareness issues that have been faced. These changes thus become not responsive to mitigation once they have occurred (Parry & Fischer 2014).
Then comes the role of private companies and land managers who must consider the ecological and social consequences of having biodiversity changes. This impacts land-use planning and integration. There will be consequences of having loss in nonlinear future changes as well as support to managed landscapes that can support regional biodiversity and implementation of policies in that regard. There have to management and adaptive process integration in this phase. There should be a strong collaboration of scientific community and government organizations. The community must identify its efforts that lead to a generation of nonlinearities and a complete threshold of responses in the complete ecosystem that can lead to changes. They must strive to move in a faster way to decide and decipher the changes in environmental diversity (Karl 2015).
The community must identify its efforts that lead to a generation of nonlinearities and a complete threshold of responses in the complete ecosystem that can lead to changes. The collaboration must be from local and national levels and must ensure that changes in policies are made according to the changes in biodiversity. There should be restrictions on the export and import of biotic materials that damage DNA of species and alter it in certain ways. Improved land and watershed management can also come into picture. This impacts land-use planning and integration. There are also evidences of changes in specific traits as a direct consequence of such changes (Tilman 2009).
Apart from this the new IPCC committee has been conceived and this has led to collaborations between all the governments and the scientific community. Thus the changes in biodiversity and its consequence on the integral component of the assessment of societal impact of climate change needs to be monitored. The international bodies need to establish and implement the advances in conventional norms of biodiversity has led to reduction in these activities. These activities include fossil fuel emissions and land-use changes with biological introductions.
The Tipping Point: Tragedy of the Commons
The major debate around the turn of this century is the depletion of resources by the masses since there is always a need to fulfill self-motivated desires. They do not act according to common good. This tragedy of commons has been explained in the diagram above.
Human beings have altered the global environment extensively, there have been several changes in the biogeochemical cycles and land transformation. There have also been changes in the ways of having the enhancements in mobility of data and land transformation. Apart from this fossil fuel combustion issues there have also been issues with deforestation and increased CO2 in the atmosphere the increase has reached as alarming levels as a 30% increase in the past four centuries. The concentration of methane has also doubled and this has contributed to climate warming (Azcue 2012). There have been several changes that have led to mass changes in ecological coastal areas.
The world is at the cross roads right now. There have be stringent regulations in this phase. The planets ecosystem is facing a huge shift in the way the altered bio diversity can impact us. We can see it in the food chain itself for instance. Thus this concentration of greenhouse gases needs to be reduced further in order to ensure better operability of the land resources. There have to be species introductions for the same. In the past Montreal Protocol prohibited the release of chlorofluorocarbons/ CFCs with response from scientific evidence suggesting that these chemicals have led to loss of ozone and increased the level of cancer producing radiations like UV-B (Dullinger and Pergl 2013). There are strong evidence of changes in the way biodiversity has manifested in the economy. Thus there needs to a blueprint for common action by communities’ and governments. Then comes the role of private companies and land managers who must consider the ecological and social consequences of having biodiversity changes. The business landscape needs the strict guidance of the legal organization since the organizations have to act responsibly with respect to the environment and thus require safety of information as the most important thing for survival.
Lal, R. (2014). Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. science, 304(5677), 1623-1627.
Adams, R. M. & Leary, N. (2008). Effects of global climate change on agriculture: an interpretative review. Climate Research,11(1), 19-30.
Rosenzweig, C., & Parry, M. L. (2014). Potential impact of climate change on world food supply. Nature, 367(6459), 133-138.
Tilman, D. (2009). Global environmental impacts of agricultural expansion: the need for sustainable and efficient practices. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96(11), 5995-6000.
Lobell, D. B., & Field, C. B. (2015). Global scale climate–crop yield relationships and the impacts of recent warming. Environmental research letters, 2(1), 014002.
Karl, T. R. (2015). Global climate change impacts in the United States. Cambridge University Press.
Parry, M. L. & Fischer, G. (2014). Effects of climate change on global food production under SRES emissions and socio-economic scenarios. Global Environmental Change,14(1), 53-67.
Ghai, D., & Vivian, J. M. (2014). Grassroots environmental action: people's participation in sustainable development. Routledge.
Dincer, I., & Rosen, M. A. (2012). Exergy: energy, environment and sustainable development. Newnes.