Tradition gyms were designed to be an indoor activity, with more energy consumption and less sustainability. However, the recent major focus has been on increase sustainability and at the same time reduce the energy consumption. That is, most of the gyms are being designed in such a way that they reduce water and electricity consumption which makes them more sustainable. However, these factors are not only the core which plays the part of sustainability. Thus, natural movement which is carried out as outdoor activities is one of the strategies that can help in building a more sustainable gym, more psychological and physical benefits. Thus, this research will seek to determine whether people accept the idea of strategizing the gym to have outdoor activities.
Reviewing academic source
Metzgar, (2012) urges that, in the attempt to increase sustainability, commercial gyms and fitness centers have been reconstructed to lower energy consumption as a strategy of increasing sustainability. Some of the adjustments that have been made include, making low-flow toilets, improved and more efficient lighting, and also increasing natural light Metzgar, (2012). However, this is one of many aspects of sustainability, where it should be noted that it encompasses environmental health, economic and human health. Therefore, to hit the nail on the head, these three aspects of sustainability should be applied when analyzing sustainability in gyms and other physical activity facilities. Needless to say, different physical activities impact the health and environment differently.
World Health Organization (WHO) has consistently emphasized the need for physical activities at different ages to reduce health risks. On the other hand, WHO does not specify whether the activities should be indoors or outdoors. Both indoor and outdoor activities are affected by different factors such as; facilities accessibility, opportunity to participate, safety, aesthetic attributes and weather Metzgar, (2012). However, individual preference for participation in the outdoor or indoor activities depends on personal perceived benefits that one acquires on the two settings. In this way, Metzgar, (2012) investigates all the three aspects of sustainability which can be adjusted/changed to reduce energy consumption and increase the health benefits.
First, this scholar discusses different aspects that necessitate the outdoor exercise. The natural movement activity is considered as the primary factor since it is within the human genome to exercise since they evolved from hunter-gatherers, which entailed different physical activities such as climbing, carrying heavy objects, running walking that was done on a daily basis. These physical activities have reduced since most of the people do not walk for long distances, run, and lifting of objects has been designated to the machines, such as cars, forklifts, cranes among others. Therefore, Metzgar, (2012) compared the tradition fitness center to an open area for natural movement (which was not sited specific but outdoor). Using these set-ups, the three aspects of sustainability were tested. The environmental health; energy consumption was evaluated where it was estimated that there would be a significant difference in energy consumption sine outdoor setup may only require lighting, mowing and parking. However, it may not show a significant difference in the amount of energy in traveling to the site. Construction material was also considered, where it was estimated a typical gym might be more expensive, than constructing a natural movement area, and natural field or wilderness areas which cost nothing.
Considering human health; cognitive benefits associated with outdoor exercise to indoors were highlighted. Outdoor exercise exhibit more dispositional status more effectively. This is due to the fact that people are more satisfied when they see natural landscape Metzgar, (2012). This also acts as a motivation for future participation in a walk or jogging. Also, other research points that unique benefits of outdoor manifests as early within five minutes spent exercising outdoor. A survey indicates that children suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) when they spent time in a “green field” the symptoms decreases. Exercise adherence is another factor that is given as a long-term benefit of outdoor activities. Foot Musculature and Vitamin D Levels and Sunlight Exposure are other benefits that people get from exercising outdoors. These are some of the human health benefits as a result of exercising outdoors.
A Bivariate simple analysis of the customer survey data and Hypothesis test
In this case, the study will determine whether those that do their regular exercise in the gym and those that do their exercise outside the gym have a significant different BMI. Exercising outside the gym is expected to have more effect and thus increasing the BMI (Healthyeating.sfgate.com. 2017). Therefore, the study will assess, the difference between the two groups. The hypothesis is H0: there is no difference in BMI people that exercises outdoors and indoors. Versus H1: there is a difference in BMI people that exercises outdoors and indoors.
A t-test was performed, and the results are as follows.
The results suggest that the null hypothesis should not be rejected. This means that there is no difference in BMI people that exercises outdoors and indoors. This implies that both groups that exercised indoors and outdoors have on average equal BMI. Therefore, we are 95% confident that the BMI of those do their exercises outdoor and those that do theirs indoors is not significantly different. This is because the p-value .7486 is greater than the ? = .05.
Section 4. Managerial Advice
Despite the literature pointing that exercising outdoors has a significant effect on the health. This is not supported by the data in this study. Therefore, the manager should understand that exercising outdoors does is not significantly different effective than exercising indoors. When advertising, the manager cannot claim that the outdoor exercise is more effective in increasing the BMI. Nonetheless, the manager can outline other benefits associated with exercising outdoors, such as economic benefits, and environmental health. The research shows that the results do not support that exercising outdoor is more beneficial in gaining the BMI or those that do their exercises outdoor has a different BMI to those that exercise indoors.
Despite this result, the researcher needs to assess iteration of other variables that might be associated with the exercising and BMI such as the number of times a person exercises in a week, and time spent exercising. This will give a clear picture of the nature of the association or the difference between the two groups. However, a new strategy should be adopted to enjoy other benefits of outdoor activities, which should be to create or set up gyms in an outdoor setup.
Section 5. Analyze the survey data related to the proposed change in Section 4
A survey was conducted to determine whether people agree with the new strategy of adapting outdoor gym activities. The results show that 44 out of 100 samples used agreed to this strategy. Therefore, there was a need to determine whether this proportion of people are significantly different to 0.5.
The results show that the proportion of those that agree with the new strategy is not statistically significantly different to 0.5. This means that there is no difference between those that agree and those that disagree with the implementation of the new strategy of an outdoor gym. Therefore, the manager should not consider implementing the new strategy since the proportion of those agree is equal to the proportion of those that do not agree.
The analysis shows that there is no adequate evidence that supports the claim that those that practice outdoor gym have a higher BMI. This means that there is no difference in BMI of people exercising indoors or outdoors. Therefore, there is no difference in the BMI of people that exercise on either site. Also, the test of the proportion of those that supports and those that do not support the new changes of exercising outdoors. This implies that although the decision to change from indoor to outdoor activities my increase sustainability, most of the people do not agree with the idea. Thus, it may not be advisable to implement this strategy since most people do not agree with this idea.
The research points out that there might be other factors that may contribute to the BMI increase other than exercising. Therefore, given a chance in the future other iteration of different factors that might give a significant result. These factors include; the number of times person exercises, the number of hours spent exercising, among others.
Healthyeating.sfgate.com. (2017). How to Increase BMI. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Jan. 2017].
Metzgar, M. 2012, "Sustainability of natural movement activity," Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, vol. 8, no. 2.