Employee Motivation And Productivity Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Employee Motivation and Productivity.

Answer:

Business Research Topic

In this era of globalization, the success of organizations would depend a lot on employees’ capabilities. Therefore, the multinational organizations are always in look for talented employees. It is believed that motivation is the key to employee productivity. According to Daft (2015), organizations evolved from the 1890’s Ford, automated era, which includes humans, to the 1980’s Hawthorne studies conducted at the Chicago Electric Company, intended to build, uplift, and empower employees. The theory of positive treatment of employees to stimulate motivation and productivity. The reasoning behind this statement is that once employee’s minds have been set free by way of motivation, the growth organizations experienced extended from productivity into creativity.

When considering which theorist has had the most impact on the study of organizational design several names come to mind. One could not consider the contributions of theorists in this filed without recognizing the importance of the innovative contributions of Frederick Winslow Taylor, who was one of the first to scientifically study the mechanics of movement and collaboration to optimize organizational output (Blake & Moseley, 2010). Whereas Taylor's focus centered upon efficiency of collaboration, Elton Mayo directed attention to worker satisfaction as a means of organizational success (DeKay, 2013). However, perhaps the theorist with the broadest impact across the entire discipline is Henri Fayol (McLean, 2011). According to McLean (2011), Fayol's identification of the major principles of management and organizational structure form the basis of the discipline. Although Fayol's work is limited in some dimensions, his work provides the structural base for the overall study of modern organizational structure (McLean, 2011).

This research would focus on employee motivation as a part of organizational design and the impact of employee motivation on employee productivity. The specific research questions of this research work can be discussed as below:

Research Questions

  1. How important is the focus on employee motivation as a part of organizational design for multinational organizations?
  2. What is the impact of employee motivation on employee productivity?
  • What organizational design changes should organization make to develop a culture where organizations can work with high productivity level?

Research Methodologies & Techniques

Determining which theory/theorist has had the most significant impact on contemporary organizational design is dependent on the measurements used to weigh the impact of their work. If using time as the primary tool, Frederick Taylor’s development of scientific management practices has made dramatic changes for more than 100 years (Daft, 2015). In his discovery that systemic work through manageable procedures could increase productivity and lower overhead costs intensely changed the landscape of organizational designs. To date, this theory is practiced in major corporations and small businesses, globally (Schneider & Macey, 2013). This research work would be completed as a combination of primary research and secondary research. The research would start an initial hypothesis of null hypothesis. The initial hypothesis of this research work can be discussed as:

Research Hypothesis

The initial research hypothesis of this research work is that employee motivation has a positive impact on employee productivity. This research work has one independent variable and one dependent variable. The dependent and independent variables for this research work can be discussed as:

Independent variable: The employee motivation is the independent variable in this case.

Dependent variable: The employee productivity is the dependent variable in this case.

Any research work would have few limitations or assumptions. It is important that researcher should have a strong understanding of assumptions and limitations as these limitations acts as the boundary of the research work.

Assumptions / Limitations

  1. This research would be done for large and multinational organizations. These are the organizations that have a global presence. The large and global organizations are selected for this research work, as it is easy to get the data for large organizations as compared to small organizations.

The research methods would be a combination of primary research and secondary research. These methods can be discussed in detail as below:

Primary Research Methods

The primary research method would be a key component of this research work. The first step of the primary research is to have a sample size. For this research work, stratified sampling method would be used (Robson, 2011). There would be three strata or three groups. There would be close to 30 people in each of the group. The total sample size for this research work would be 100. The participants in each of three strata or groups can be described as:

  1. Group 1: The employees who work in multinational organizations
  2. Group 2: The management in multinational organizations
  • Group 3: The people and experts in the corporate world

The primary research would use quantitative research methods. An online questionnaire would be developed to collect the responses from people. The questionnaire would have close to 10 questions. The questions would be mainly open ended in nature (Mody & Mody, 2012). All the people would answer the questions over the email.

Secondary Research Methods

The secondary research would be completed through literature review. The literature review would also be a critical part of this research work. The sources from the literature would be used to complete the research. A number of studies have been published in the area of employee motivation and employee productivity. As a part of literature review the peer review journals would be used. There are lot of articles and research in the library database and these articles would be a great source of information.

There would be a systematic process of research. This process for this research work can be discussed as:

Research Process

There would be five key phases of this research work. Each of the phases would be completed in an independent manner. The various phases of the research can be discussed as:

Problem Identification Phase

The problem identification phase would be the first phase of this research work (Zikmund & Babin, 2012). This research would focus on employee motivation as a part of organizational design and the impact of employee motivation on employee productivity.

Background Study and Research Questions formulation

There are three key research questions in this research. These questions are:

  1. How important is the focus on employee motivation as a part of organizational design for multinational organizations?
  2. What is the impact of employee motivation on employee productivity?
  • What organizational design changes should organization make to develop a culture where organizations can work with high productivity level?

Secondary Research

The secondary research would be mainly focused on literature review (Plucknette, 2014). The insights from the existing literature would be used to complete the secondary research for this research work.

Data Collection and Data Analysis

The data collection and data analysis would be a key part of this research work. The data collection and data analysis would follow the stages of primary research and secondary research. The data collected through primary research would be quantitative and the data collected through secondary research would be mainly qualitative in nature (Pickard, 2013). The tools like SPSS and Microsoft Excel could also be used to analyze the data. The raw data would be compiled to get meaningful insights.

Results & Conclusion

The results and conclusion would be the last section of the research work. In this phase, the focus of the researcher would be to develop the research report and share the results with required stakeholders.

Data Collection & Analysis Methods

The data collection and data analysis would be a key part of this research work. The data collection and data analysis would follow the stages of primary research and secondary research. The data collected through primary research would be quantitative and the data collected through secondary research would be mainly qualitative in nature (Legault, 2012). The tools like SPSS and Microsoft Excel could also be used to analyze the data. The raw data would be compiled to get meaningful insights.

Expected Research Outcome

It is expected that with this research work, the researcher would be able to establish the relationship between employee motivation and employee productivity. The expected research outcome is that researcher would be able to follow on the initial research hypothesis and a positive relationship would be established between employee motivation and employee productivity.

References

Daft, R. L. (2015). Organization theory and design (12th ed.) Mason, OH: South-Western, Cengage Learning.

Greenwood, R., & Hinings, C. R. (1993). Understanding strategic change: The contribution of archetypes. Academy Of Management Journal, 36(5), 1052-1081.

Legault, M. (2012) Conscious Capitalism: Leaders and Organizations with a World View. Integral Leadership Review. 12(2), p1-9

Plucknette, D. (2014). 4 differences between managers and leaders. Plant Engineering, 68(10), 16-18.

Mody, M., & Mody, M. (2012). Value based leadership and organizational effectiveness. EXCEL International Journal of Multidisciplinary Management Studies, 2(12), 216-219.

Pickard, A. J. (2013). Research methods in information. Facet Publ.

Robson, C. (2011). Real world research: a resource for users of social research methods in applied settings. Chichester: Wiley.

Schneider, B., Ehrhart, M. G., & Macey, W. H. (2013). Organizational climate and culture. Annual Review of Psychology, 64(1), 361-388.

Zikmund, W., Babin, B., Carr, J., & Griffin, M. (2012). Business research methods. Cengage Learning.

How to cite this essay: