Diversity can be because of many factors such as diversity in culture, diversity in language, diversity in skills, diversity in physical appearances and diversity in sex. Some diversity is good for an individual betterment and for the betterment of the society, which they are representing. However, some diversity is a less healthy choice for a society or for an organization. However, the study would focus on the increasing participation of people in foreign countries for education and for business purposes. This is because that the participation is bringing many cultures integrated to one place. The integration of different cultures at one place is good for the hosting place as their resources are getting increased; however, it is not good for some people or group who gets involve in cultural fights or gets trapped in language understanding issues. Irrespective of the consequences, which the cultural or the language differences are bringing to the society or the common people, they have created a healthy debate about its advantages or disadvantages (Hogan 2012). The main purpose of this study is to analyze the level of barriers, which the diversity is bringing to an effective teamwork.
To understand the level of barrier that diversity brings to the effective teamwork, it is necessary to understand first the different types of diversity that affects the teamwork. There are basically two kinds of diversities exist that acts as a barrier to an effective teamwork such as language and cultural diversity. This is becoming increasingly popular in eh contemporary world as numerous of students are getting enrolled to the foreign places. In addition to this, different business companies are also moving to the international places through Merger & Acquisition process. In both the cases, integration of different cultures and languages are happening at the educational or at the workplace (Patrick and Kumar 2012). However, the level of severity of the harmfulness is different in both the cases. At the educational places, this is also evitable but less harmful than compare to at the workplace. This is because of the fact that teamwork at the educational places happens at a minimal rate. It happens only when there is some project works, which is conducted with the help of the group. The losses, which the diversity brings to educational places does result only on some minor damages such as skill development and internal conflicts. This is also very vital as skill development might be prevented; however, the platform is not that large than at the workplace. This is because that operational failure at the workplace is more severe than some minimal losses at the educational places. Operational failure does attract notable losses in the returns, which is not a healthy sign for a prosperous business flow. However, some might argue that it is not that easy to decide on which one is more important (Foma 2014). In case of ineffective teamwork at the educational places, it can lead to unsuccessful career, which might prevent the formation of graduate personnel. This is indeed right as graduates those who are serving in organizations are just the production of these institutions. However, for this study, the learner is limiting the discussion to the workplace only as globalization has elevated the participation of large number of people from across the globe.
Globalization is playing the major role in bringing the cultural diversity at the workplace. This is happening because numerous multinational companies are heading for international places for their business expansion. This might be because they are no longer prospering in the domestic circles or it might be that they want some more exposures to enhance their customer base. Irrespective of the reasons are, different foreign companies are getting integrated at one place. This is bringing people with diverse culture at one place. The diversity can be because of language barrier or can be because of cultural differences. Language barrier is relatively less challenging to the contemporary business as it is solvable to some extent. This can be achieved by hiring some language translator or by just learning to the language of the target country. However, even this is not feasible to most of the cases. Effective teamwork is largely hampered by the differences in culture, which is very difficult to resolve (Robinson 2013).
Diversity at the workplace can be largely seen in some developed countries such as Australia where there is racism feeling in high numbers. Australia is not the one country, which has high rates of racist activities. Some other countries are also contributing significantly in this regard such as the United Kingdom and the United States. This is not just happening at one place but it is happening at multiple places wherever business are reaching. The integration of different culture at one place can take place in two cases such as for the job purpose or for the business purpose. Job participants are playing their utmost role in contributing to the cultural diversity at the workplace. It is now increasingly becoming a trend for the job aspirants from across the globe especially for the Asian job aspirants that they are heading to the foreign locations in search for a better job. This is because of all such reason that they are coming in contact to the foreign students. Business companies are also contributing highly in this regard. Various M&A process are bringing multiple companies at one place. The cultures are getting exchanged, which is creating the problem for being integrated uniformly. The cultural integration does not happen at uniform rate in such instances (Cavico, Muffler and Mujtaba 2013).
There are various factors of diversity, which acts as a barrier to teamwork at the workplace. Racism is the one factor, which grows in its effect when diverse cultured people get integrates to one place for the job or for the business purposes. Another influencing factor that acts as a barrier to the teamwork is the language barrier, which hampers a free flow communication in between the team members. The diversity between the diverse people representing different country becomes wider in complexities when different skills and potentials are met at one place. The differences in skills and the different level of working styles collide at some topic, which grows in its effects because of cultural differences. This is because that in such case they gets collided for different work related mentalities and the cultural influences. Cultural diversity prevents different member in team being involved in collective works, which is perhaps very threatening for the organizational betterment (Jenifer and Raman 2015). An ideal organizational behaviour is a collection of effective leadership and collective followers. A conflicting group or many groups can make things tougher for the leaders. A leadership is effective be of any kinds when it gets a proper support of its followers. It performs up to the desired goal when there are high numbers of collective team works. Nevertheless, diversity through any mean is injurious to teamwork because it does not let teamwork happen.
The difference in skills and he difference in cultures bring conflicting thoughts at the meeting table. It hampers prestigious time of the meeting, which eventually lands up find less outcome from the meeting. The highly engaging meeting in the meeting room is hampered by the differences in skills and thoughts, which is just the mere reflection of diversity in skills and diversity in cultures. Globalization has largely made different cultures integrated at one place. It has brought different cultures and skills at one place; however, it has also left the organizations with no ultimate solutions to this problem (Kirton and Greene 2015). For example, foreign people working in China would meet with different cultures, different mentalities and different skills. Moreover, Chinese people are highly productive but have less attachment to the quality works. They have also different cultures. It is very difficult for most foreign country’s people to get assimilated with the cultural and skill differences of Chinese people. For example, Japanese people give equal values to both the quality and quantity. It would then become difficult for them to get familiar with the work nature of the Chinese people. The integration of different cultures because of globalization and internationalization of business have brought distinct cultures and distinct skills at one point (Syed and Ozbilgin 2015).
Diversity by any means is good to some extent. It is beneficial at the workplace when different skills are shared to give birth to a single powerful consequence of the talk. This is one healthy example of the diversity at the workplace. However, if the diversity were in conflicting nature, then it would give birth to internal conflicts and would certainly bring fewer outcomes from the desired meeting. The diversity at the workplace can be tried to resolve with the help of some remedial actions such as meeting at the workplace to educate different employees on different cultures. However, it is less effective because cultural development takes place at the very primary stage, which is the earlier family background.
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