Digital Management Australian Government Essay

Question:

Discuss About The Digital Management Australian Government?

Answer:

Introduction

In Australia, Work Health and Safety Act 2011 regulates all the work place related things with an object to secure the rights and interest of the workers. According to this Act, a person who is conducting any business or who has undertaken certain business needs to follow the guidelines of the Act including all the other related provisions such as the Fair Work Act, SA Code of Practice, and Workplace Gender equality Agency[1]. Certain duty of care has been imposed on the employers so that they could continue their business by following all the mandates for keeping the workplace healthy and safety for the workers. According to this Act, all the risks are required to be identified and assessed by the employers and they need to make all the decisions wisely for the benefit of the workers. The decisions should monitor the health and safety policies for the workers and should conduct the training sessions, if necessary. An employer is required to follow the legal obligations and practical guidance regarding the same is providing by the Codes of Practice. There are certain provisions regarding the hazardous works and process of managing all the risks regarding the tasks has also been presented by the Codes. One of the most common provisions for the workplace related matters are Fair Work Act 2009[2]. It provides a balanced framework and assists to promote the national economic prosperity for the Australians. In case of construction business, there are certain additional rulings that are required to be maintained such as the Building Code, National Construction Code, Disability Standards 2010, Environmental protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and Heritage Protection. The standard for the constructed objects has been prescribed under these rules[3]. The requirements for concoct a building has been prescribed under the National Construction Code. It is no doubt to state that the construction of building causes serious damage on the environment. Environmental protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 provides all the protective guidelines to maintain a sustainable biodiversity. All these rules and regulations are needed to be maintained by the employers.


The employers of any business are required to abide by all the guidelines mentioned for the specific work in relevant legislations. It is the duty of the employer to inform the workers regarding all the health and safety policies available to them and should make them aware of the potential hazards related to the said work. The employers are advised to call for meeting related to the proper implementation of safety guidelines in the workplaces[4]. Apart from this, the employers should talk to the employees regarding their problems or requirements. In case of proper implementation of the work health and safety policies, all the legal assistance will be provided to the employers including the drafts and development policies with an intention to reduce the legal risks. If the employer failed to comply with all or any of the guidelines mentioned by the specific legislations, the organisation of the alleged employer could be exposed and necessary penalties could be imposed on them. The same could create impacts on the premiums of workers. However, it is a common problem for the employers that the provisions of the workplace safety Act and regulations are quite clear, but they made various complaints against the policies[5]. In these cases, they can seek help from the advocates so that they can review the conducts of the employers and provide necessary suggestion to them. Proper investigations are necessary in case of any complaints and measures should be taken to manage the problems of the affected workers. The employers are required to assess the proactive risk management criteria and should be concerned about the safety and hazardous issues[6]. They should act in accordance of supportive manners and with due care in case of any injury or illness has reported. All the injury related claims should be resolved on urgent base. The employers are required to provide necessary supports with an intention to bring back the normal working environment in the workplaces.

The nature of the discussed organisation is construction-based and there are certain legislations that regulate the workplace safety mandates such as the Building Code, National Construction Code and the Heritage Protection Policy. A construction work includes alteration, conversion, renovation, demolition and coordination. According to the building code, before constructing a structure, planning permission should be obtained from the local authority. The purpose of it is to review the health and safety welfare of the building and to investigate whether all the general requirements have been fulfilled or not. The provisions of the Building Code are not only providing guidelines to the contractors or architects, but assisting the safety inspectors and the facility managers also. It has been suggested by the Code that the engineers or the employer should have to maintain the rules laid down in Fire Code. The nature of the construction works is hazardous and therefore, the buildings should be well planned and sufficient arrangements should be taken to avoid the possible risks. The employers or the developers are required to perform certain acts and all the practical guidelines regarding the acts are mentioned under the National Construction Code. The provisions of the Code are legally binding on the employers and the contractors. Apart from the Codes, the Work Health and Safety Acts are also provided certain guidelines. According to section 19 of the Act, it is the primary duty of the contractor to take all the care of the safety provisions[7]. Further, the Act has provided certain duties for the workers too. Part 3 of the Act has provided about the notifications regarding any injury report and part 2 divisions 2.5 is stating about the penalties in case of any breach of duty made by the parties. A contractor is required to appoint health and safety representative to investigate the works and any loopholes presented in the work.

The code of practice regarding the construction work has mentioned all the related provisions that are helpful to secure the health and interest of the workers. The related definitions have been prescribed in the introduction part of the Code. The risks management issues are prescribed under part 3 of the Code[8]. The code has concentrated over the identification of the risks to reduce the gravity of the hazardous works. According to this Code, the layout, location and accessibility of the work or the construction should be maintained with highest priority. It has been stated by the Code that the contractors should take reasonable care regarding the erected equipments, penetrations and voids, unprotected decks and fibreglass roofs to avoid any hazards or risks[9]. The possible outcomes of the structural collapse should have to be removed with ultimate priority. Further, the contractors should assess the risks for analysing the effectiveness of the same on the workers and on the environment as well. The WHS Regulation has not made the risk assessment process mandatory but in case of asbestos, assessment of risks is mandatory[10]. The reasons of the risks are required to be assessed and proper methods are required to be adopted to eliminate the risks. According to regulation 299 (2), a statement on safe work method should identify the construction related risks and should specify the high risk construction hazards. Certain processes are also mentioned under the Code regarding the implementations of the policies and reviewing the works. The contractors or the developers are required to maintain a safe work method statement to point out all the risk factors relating to the workplace and the primary purpose of the statement is to reduce the chances of the risks[11]. It is the duty of the contractors to inform the workers regarding the risks and proper notice is to be served to them regarding the same. According to section 3.4 of the Code all the information relating to the health measures should be reviewed. There is a provision regarding the hazardous manual has been mentioned under the Code of Practice that monitored the performance of the workers and proper equipment handling. There are four types of forces mentioned under the hazardous manual such as repetitive force, sustained force, high force and sudden force[12]. The contractors are required to follow all the necessary guidelines to this aspect.


The provisions of the Work Health and Safety Act are applied to the persons who are attached with the workplaces such as the PCBUs, officers, workers and the others[13]. Apart from these, there are certain other persons such as the contractors, subcontractors, importers, manufacturers and suppliers who play an important role in these cases. PCBU is the abbreviated form of the Person Conducting Business or Undertakings[14]. They are primarily responsible for the safety requirements of the construction and they will be held responsible for any types of health related issues of the workers. The officers are investigating the situations and processes of the building. Workers are one of the main parts of the building construction and they are responsible to look after all the proceedings of the building and they have certain legal duties too. Manufacturers and suppliers are playing an important role in case of building construction, as all the hazardous substances are supplied by them. Therefore, they are required to take all the precautions regarding the delivery of the equipments. They are required to provide all the safety related information to the employers regarding the tools and machines to the PCBUs and to the workers so that the risks can be minimised with highest priority. The machines are installed in the building by the help of the installers and they have also certain legal duties. According to section 13 of WHS Act, the nature of the duties of the construction related persons are legal in nature and the duties are non-transferable[15]. Section 19 of the Act provides all the legal requirements of the PCBUs. According to this section, it is the duty of the PCBUs to provide safe environment to the workers and should provide necessary facilities and supervise the works so that the health of the workers can be secured. Section 27 of the Act is dealing with the legal requirements of the officers[16]. As per the provision, the officers are required to update the workplace related knowledge and should provide training and instruction to the workplace related persons regarding the health and safety mandates. The workers are required to take all the possible care to secure them under section 28 of the Act and need to follow all the provisions of the Act. The WHS Act has imposed certain legal requirements on the other persons under section 29 of the Act.

Report on accidental falls

Protecting the health of the workers and establishing a safe environment should be the ultimate objective of any construction work. Therefore, the authority should have to take all the safety methods to reduce the chances of hazards. However, there are certain common safeties issues observed in every works such as accidental falls, slipping and tripping, work related violence and electrical dangers and all the possible chances regarding the issues should be eliminated to avoid any serious accident[17].

Falls from the heights during the construction work is considering one of the most common fatalities now days. Accidental falls are happened due to unstable working surfaces or absent mind of the worker. Many deaths have been caused due to these falls. Certain steps have been taken to reduce the chances of the falls after consult with the health and safety officers. The steps are based on the Building Code and National Construction Code. The steps are fall arrest system, safety nets, cover floor holes and the uses of aerial lifts.

Certain data sheets regarding the matter have been kept and the equipment lists have also provided to the workers. These documents are kept as evidence.

It is possible to reduce the chances of accidental falls. However, the dispute is still present and much care is required to curb this.

Report on Electrical hazards

The main objective of the Work Health and Safety policy is to ensure a secured workplace to the workers. There are number of hazards occurred in the construction site. WHS Act has conferred certain duties on the contractors and the workers to perform their work with due care and liabilities. Electrical hazards are common in case of building structure. However, the engineers are at risk to sustain various injuries at the working time. Apart from them, other personnel can be injured due to this.

The Building Code is dealing with the safety process of the building and in case of any breach; the provision of the WHS Act will be applied. It is required to take all the necessary steps for eliminating the chances of accident, injury or death. A power strip per connection can be helpful to this regard[18].

It is a seven storied building along with an underground parking lot. The first thing is that there is no surveillance camera in the parking sector and in the entrance of the building. It has been observed that during the winter season, many strangers are taking shelters in it. A possibility of hampering the security of the building and commence of illegal work are cropped up thereby. Further, there is a time period specified for staying the strangers which are not maintained and the workers have to face problems due to this. The environment of the building is not at all safe for any individual and the situation becomes a potential threat for the individuals and for the women.


Another dispute is that the hazardous building materials like the tools and the machineries are kept in open ground. No proper initiatives have been taken to protect the materials and they are lying on the ground in a dangerous way. The life of the workers is at risk and accident can be happened at any time.

It has been stated on previous occasion that the building has an underground parking arena and in the rainy season the waters are entering into that area and caused serious problems. The building authority has failed to take proper steps regarding the same and the drainage system of the building is not well developed. This can also act as a potential threat for the health of the workers.

Therefore, it can be observed that the building has failed to deliver secured environment to the workers and your advice is required on urgent basis.

A WHS regulator is responsible to provide necessary advices and recommendation to the ministers and make a report on the effectiveness of the workforce model[19]. The regulators have the power to analyse the statistics and if necessary, they provide training to the respective persons.

Wide power has been conferred on them to obtain information from any reasonable person. The regulators can serve notice to the person and ask for all the necessary documents[20]. They can provide advice to the communities regarding the health policy and can legally represent any person.

According to the provisions of the WHS Act, it is the legal duty of the individual to provide all the required documents to the regulator unless there is any legal objection present. However, the information cannot use against the person without a proceeding under the forgery offence.

The regulators are monitoring the related provisions of the work health and safety process and they can ask for the entire related document to this extent. They are maintaining a database and provide education on National Classification Scheme[21].

Report to the Health and Safety Committee

Certain constructional hazards are quite common in nature and if possible care could not be taken in those cases, accident can be happened at any time. Fall from the higher places or electrical hazards are some of them. According to the WHS Act, it is the duty of the contractors, subcontractors, electricians and the workers to comply with all the necessary duties while performing them and they must be aware of the facts and outcomes of it. It is the primary duty of the contractors to identify the hazards and make a report to the respective supervisors. They are required to consult with the WHS officers and with the workers regarding the safety methods and make necessary suggestion to avoid the accidents on highest priority. In case of any injury or death of the workers, they need to make a report to the WHS authority and inform the family of the injured or deceased workers. All the risks cropped up during the performance of the works are required to be managed in well manner and generated risks are to be assessed with ultimate priority. The workers are also required to be cautious while handling with the equipments and electrical tools. They need to use fall arrest system, safety nets, cover floor holes and the uses of aerial lifts while working in the higher places to reduce the possibility of accidental injuries or death. Further, the contractors are required to monitor the workplaces and required to inform the officers regarding the conditions of the working methods. However, the process of improvement should be continuous in nature and the whole process of works should be done as per section 19 of the WHS Act[22]. The provisions of the Building Code are also necessary. It can be recommended that the process of works should be done with due care and diligence and the contractors are required to serve proper hazard or risk notice to the workers to avoid any future accidents. They should act prudently in all the events.

Continuous improvement is necessary to avoid all the necessary injuries in the construction site. There are two aspects present regarding the application of continuous improvement such as incremental improvement and breakthrough improvement. Proper planning is mandatory to reduce the chances of workplace injuries and the process of communication must be clear. All the equipments and the machinery tools are required to be inspected properly by the WHS officers. It is the duty of the employers to make the employees aware of the hazards or risks regarding the workplace. According to clause 39 of the Work Health and Safety Regulation 2017, proper training is necessary for the employees to make them more eligible in handling the machineries and the tools. According to WHS Act, it is the duty of the officers to conduct training program for the employers and the employees to make them aware of the possible outcome of the hazardous jobs. The nature of the training must be legal and must comply with all the necessary provision mentioned under the Act. However, apart from the legal obligations, there are certain additional requirements too where the training is necessary. It is important to talk to the employees liberally and therefore, training on enhancing the communication skills is required. Ideas should be shared for the improvement of health and safety of the workers. Training can be conducted to develop the record keeping process and all the investigated activities need to be maintained in a proper way. Training is also required to set out the proper methods to handle the machineries and tools.

There are several processes by which the safety officers can keep them updated regarding all the changes made in WHS legislation so that they can easily resolve the problems and can represent the company in all future proceedings. There are certain newsletters designed to keep the people aware of the changes[23]. All the safety related information is given in these news portals. News portals like SHP news and IOSH news are playing the same character. Further, there are others options such as blogtrottr, mailchimp and feed my inbox which are fulfilled the same responsibilities. Health and Safety podcasts are available to keep you up to date in a quick and easy way through podcasting. They are syndication feeds for playback available on a variety of devices such as: mobile phones, tablets, computers and more. In order to listen to a podcast an internet connection is needed, however in this day and age with the power of 3G/4G on devices; online content is usually available on the move. The HSE in particular offer a range of podcasts that are regularly posted in order to keep companies up to date with their health and safety[24]. Social media is also playing an important role in this case. Certain up-to date news on safety issues can be generated in these media and they are quite trending in nature. Twitter also allows the person to get new information on the safety policies. apart from all these, the officers can be benefitted from other portals like news bulletins regarding any specific issue.

Organizational changes and memo:

Continuous improvement is necessary for any kind of constructional works[25]. It has been observed that there are number of hazards can be taken place in the site and the consequent can be detrimental in nature. Therefore, sufficient changes are required to avoid the possible hazards and make the workplace safe for all. Change management is an important thing in this case where a systematic approach has been taken to clarify all the disputes and technologies are used to handle the situation[26]. It is a common rule under the WHS Act that the employers are required to serve notice to the individual regarding any safety process. Previously, the notice was kept in the notice board so that every employee can come to know about the policies or about the changes[27]. However, certain change has been made in this arena. An initiative has been taken by the authorities to serve the notice individually to avoid any type of problems. The person who is specialized in electrical components is taking classes of the workers so that they can easily identify all the risky materials. Previously, the safety officers were came to the site to observe the works and talk to the contractors only regarding the loopholes, if any. In the current situation, the officers are also communicating with the workers.

The line managers are required to chalk out plan for the objectives of their working area. The finance sectors are also managed by the line managers and it is their duty to ensure the values regarding the budgets. The line managers should familiarise themselves and comply with equality legislation in addition to promoting equality and diversity[28].

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