Different Methodologies In Project Management Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Different Methodologies in Project Management.

Answer:

Methodology

Methodologies give a brief idea about what tasks are to be done while completing a project successfully and also determines the steps that are to be followed one after another. The Methodology is a technique of risk administration which is additionally suggested by the project supervisor. Systems are not a distinct device. The methods of enterprise administration give an idea of deciding the assignments that are to be submitted and the best way to use the available goods and time (Joslin and M?ller, 2015). The extent of enterprise, capital that is appropriate, the correct time for transportation of the property and the time that is limited to characterise the technique that is used as a part of the investment of the administration (Marcelino-S?daba et al., 2014). The methods that control the requirement to extend a business are studied in this methodology. The deals and procedures that are undertaken by methods are intense with each other (Turk, France and Rumpe, 2014). Methods make the work of project manager much easier. Layouts, rules and meanings of the procedures that are needed in successfully delivering the deal that is taken are all present in methodologies. Role of methodology in managing the project are

Different methodologies involved in methodologies

There are numerous numbers of processes that are used for management of a project that depends on the scope of the project and also the requirement of the project (Buede and Miller, 2016). The list of methodologies are listed down as follows

Prince2- It is a method or program of certification that are given to the person who is qualified, and it is certified through training. Consolidation of the project into a stage where it is managed and controlled is signified by a Prince2 method.

System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) – The application of configuring different types of hardware and software is included in the concept of SDLC (Snyder, 2014). A framework of SDLC can be made of both hardware and software or just with one of them either.

Agile methodology- The method of the Agile Methodology is to permit the teams, manage the hazards that are possible and increase the entanglement of the customers. The SDLC methods build up groups, supervise the projects, transforms them as needed and proceeds with communication that is needed throughout the life cycle of the project that is going on.

Waterfall methodology- The goal of the project that is under waterfall model is determined first and simultaneously the time for completing the project is also calculated and keep a notice on the fact that the as much as less time is taken to complete the project. The modules and aims are set to different groups of people so that the work is done at the same time and goals are reached as soon as possible.

Project management body of knowledge- Combination of process and education that is taken as the best practice for experts who are managing the projects comes under this PMBK methodology (Turner, 2016). The major part of the knowledge of project management comes under this PMBK methodology. The part that is excluded is construction and engineering section of the project. Construction of the project is also excluded from the PMBK method.

Difference between Waterfall method and Agile method are as follows

WATERFALL

AGILE

Process of software development is divided in different phases.

Methodology divides the project development lifecycle into many parts.

Structured software development methodology.

Agile is very flexible.

Software development is completed as a single project

Considered as collection of many different projects

In waterfall model, all the development requirements are needed before hand .

Agile allows making changes in the project development requirements even after the initial planning has been done.

The things that are needed in guiding a project are wider range of methodologies and basic practices.

Describe what methods are to be applied in the process of managing the process and the time describing when it is to be done.

All the venture advancement stages, for example, improvement, outlining, testing are finished once in the Waterfall model.

Agile methodology follows an iterative development approach..

Testing phase comes after the Build phase

Testing is performed side by side with programming.

The internal process that is development, testing of methods and the designing part are all done in this model.

Agile software development approach mainly focuses on satisfaction of customer.

Regarded as a closely sequential process.

Agile methodology is a highly collective software development process.

Waterfall methods in Life Cycle Project

  1. System requirements and software requirements that are collected in document of product requirement.
  2. Analysis of schema, business rules and models.
  3. Designing the architecture software.
  4. The coding phase consists of proving, improvement and development of software.
  5. Testing consists of debugging and discovery of defects.
  6. Maintenance, support, migration and installation operations are done in last phase.

Agile methods in Life Cycle Project

  1. Concept- The concept of the project is envisioned and computed.
  2. Inception- The team members are analyzed, requirements and environments are discussed and funds are distributed.
  3. Iteration- The team of development mainly works to deliver the feedback and iteration requirements working software.
  4. Release- Testing against quality assurance, documentation development, external and internal training and release of the project is done in this phase.
  5. Production- support of the software ongoing.
  6. Retirement- End of all activities under going including migration and notification.

References

Buede, D. M., & Miller, W. D. (2016). The engineering design of systems: models and methods. John Wiley & Sons.

Joslin, R., & M?ller, R. (2015). Relationships between a project management methodology and project success in different project governance contexts. International Journal of Project Management, 33(6), 1377-1392.

Marcelino-S?daba, S., P?rez-Ezcurdia, A., Lazcano, A. M. E., & Villanueva, P. (2014). Project risk management methodology for small firms. International Journal of Project Management, 32(2), 327-340.

Snyder, C. S. (2014). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge: PMBOK (®) Guide. Project Management Institute.

Turk, D., France, R., & Rumpe, B. (2014). Assumptions underlying agile software development processes. arXiv preprint arXiv:1409.6610.

Turner, R. (2016). Gower handbook of project management. Routledge.

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