Descriptive Essay On Islamic Religion

Question :

Write essay on following topics :
1. The authority of the Prophet is only limited to doctrinal affairs and the matters of worship, as far as the worldly affairs are concerned; they are not governed by the prophetic authority. Critically discuss.
2. The Qur'an says it is ‘Tibyan (Explanation) for everything’, in the light of this verse is there a need for the Hadith to interpret and explain the Qur'an.

Answer :

Essay 1:

According to the view point of few westernized circles about the authority of sacred prophet is set up by the Holy Quran from a long time to all generations. However, it is said that the authority or the power is restricted to the worship matters and the doctrinal affairs. According to them the role of prophet is limited to the appropriate doctrinal beliefs of ummah and the teaching related to worship of Allah. The extent that the worldly affairs are apprehensive, they are not administered by the prophetic authority. These worldly affairs incorporate, in their perspective, all the financial, social and political undertakings which ought to be settled by practicality at every significant time, and the authority of Prophet has nothing to worry about them. Thus this essay would focus on the misconception of the authority of Holy Prophet. This essay would critically discuss the world affairs related to the prophetic authority.

Regardless of the possibility that the Holy Prophet provides for a few headings in these fields, they does so in their private limit, and not like a messenger. Thus, it is unnecessary for the Ummah to agree to such bearings. To substantiate this suggestion, a specific convention of the holy companion Anas is regularly cited, however outside the realm of relevance, in which he said to his friends “You know more about you worldly affairs”. This is viewed as a solemn fallacy about the overall Islamic structure. On the off chance that the Ummah was to take the aforementioned Hadith truly, Islam, in the same way as some different religions would just be limited to rituals and doctrines, and having no worry with the regular issues of the human life. When one has observed the endorsed rituals and doctrines, he is allowed to run his life in whatever way he loves, not dissatisfied in any way by the awesome goals. Then again, it is a made actuality that Islam, not at all like some different religions which can match and coincide with the mainstream idea of life, is not only a set of precepts and ceremonies. Islam is a complete lifestyle which manages the political, financial matters and social issues and additionally the philosophical issues.

Allah states in the Holy Qur'an: The individuals, who accept, react to the call of Allah and His Messenger when calls people towards life. No one who has mulled over the Holy Quran can underwrite that its teachings are constrained to love and ceremonies. There are particular injunctions in the Holy Quran about peace and war, political affairs, sales, mortgage, partnership, penal laws, matrimonial relations, purchase loans etc. If the teachings of the Islam were constrained to the rituals and doctrinal matters, there are no proper reasons to back up such injunctions said in the Holy Quran. Similarly, the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet comprises of the social, political, economic and legal issues in such detail that huge books have been composed to accumulate them. The directives of the Sunnah and Holy Quran are so imperative, absolute and of obligatory nature that they can't be envisioned to be close to personal advices failing to offer any lawful force. There are expansive number of verse cited from the Holy Quran which urges the acquiescence of Allah and the Messenger upon those who believe. This acquiescence obliges the overall submission from the adherents, having no exemption at all.

In conclusion, the fallacy of Islam excludes all the practical sphere of life from its pale, making them devoid of its guidance instead of being correct and cannot sustain before the overwhelming arguments which stand to rule it out totally. Truly in this field, the Holy Quran and Sunnah have basically provided for some wide standards, and left the greater part of the points of interest open to be settled by evolving need. In this manner the field not involved by the Quran and Sunnah is a more extensive field where the necessities of convenience can crucially play the role. Yet it does not imply that the Sunnah and Quran are not concerned with this indispensable extension of human life which has dependably been the fundamental reason for agitation ever, and in which the alleged conflicting the reasonable views with one another, have constantly fallen prey to sinister wishes driving the world to fiasco.

Essay 2:

The Islamic religion today still keeps on being one of the misjudged religions on the planet. One explanation behind this is the way that for a considerable length of time this excellent religion has been unduly exhibited to the world through the purported Muslim individuals, researchers, and nations that don't demonstration or capacity in an Islamic way, as indicated by teachings of the Quran. The voluminous book of hadith written nearly 200 years after Prophet Muhammad’s death are maxims that are ascribed to the prophet. There are numerous hadiths that either repudiate the Quran or don't bode well at all. Some say we require the hadith to clarify the Quran on the grounds that the Quran is so troublesome it is not possible to understand without guidance. Some say we do not need hadith. Thus this essay would try to critically analyze both the viewpoints. The essay would try to analyze the importance of Hadiths and issues of hadiths and finally will conclude by giving a personal view point on whether is there a need for the Hadith to interpret and explain the Qur'an.

Many of the humans are engrossed more readily on other human being’s writings instead of the neat principles and commandments enclosed in the real divine messages. There was no change in the human mindset of Muslims after the death of Prophet Muhammad and the release of Holy Quran. Nearly around 200years after the passing away of the Prophet Muhammad, the other prophets started creating their own books either related to pre-Islamic times or the new testaments called Hadith. A hadith is an expression of Muhammad or a description regarding something he did. Over the long run, amid the initial couple of hundreds of years of Islam, it got to be clear that numerous hadiths were truth be told spurious idioms that had been created for different intentions, at best to urge adherents to act honestly and at more awful to corrupt the mind of believers about understanding of Islam and to lead them off track. Since Islamic legitimate researchers were using hadith as an addition to the Qur'an in their advancement of the legal system of Islam, it got to be discriminatingly vital to have dependable accumulations of hadith. While the early accumulations of hadith frequently contained hadith that were of questionable source, slowly accumulations of validated hadith called sahih (lit. genuine, right) were accumulated. Such accumulations were made conceivable by the improvement of the art of criticism of hadith, a science at the premise of which was a discriminating investigation of the sequence of (oral) communication (isnad) of the hadith going the distance over to Muhammad. The two most profoundly regarded accumulations of hadith are the verified accumulations the Sahih Muslim and Sahih Bukhari. Notwithstanding these, four different accumulations came to be decently regarded, despite the fact that not to the level of collections of Mulim’s Sahih and Bukhari. These four different accumulations are the Abu Da'ud., Sunan of Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Nasa'i. Together these four and the two sahih accumulations are known as the "six books" (al-kutub al-sitta). Two other vital accumulations, specifically, are the the Musnad of Ahmad ibn Hanbal, who founded the Hanbali school of law and Muwatta of Ibn Malik, who founded the Maliki school of law.

They started claiming that Quran is incomplete and the Hadiths is presently the Quran. The first violation of Quran was 5:3 of Surah Al-Maidah who mentioned the above point even after knowing that Allah has confirmed that his message is “completed” and “perfected” but still these prophets try to defend their Hadiths. Some of these kinds of contradictions to the principles of Quran provide evidence that the Hadiths are not from the prophets. They are just the man- written books that are defending the perfection and beauty of Holy Quran.

The words “Tibyan (Explanation) for everything” provides evidence that there is no need of other people or mankind works for guidance apart from Quran itself. Once again one should not dispose of the utilization of fikr (reflection) or aql (reason) for interpreting any doggerel, as Quran itself gives an idea of using these words. Presently `aql and fikr promptly let us know that we can't take this verse in a flat out sense. For individual would then need to take "everything" actually. Anyhow that is clearly unthinkable, following there are plainly things that the Qur'an does not clarify; for instance, the standards of Chinese punctuation or the best approach to settle your machine. Therefore sound judgment obliges that we qualify "everything" as something like "everything that is applicable to religion, otherworldly existence, and ethical quality". Reason further obliges us to accumulate an alternate component the understanding of this verse and that will be that numerous proclamations in a content have a setting both inside the content in general and in the circumstances in which the announcements were made. This is the reason we think that it simpler to comprehend books written in our own particular time and in the general public in which we live than those written in an alternate time and spot: in the previous case we know the setting inside the books themselves as well as the connection gave by outside circumstances; while in the recent case we know the connection inside the books yet we have significantly less information of the outer setting. Presently the Qur'an most likely climbs as far over its setting as it is feasible for a book written in a human dialect to do, yet it has both sorts of settings. Consequently the Qur'an clarifies everything just when its verses are deciphered by considering both the connection inside the book all in all and in addition the setting of circumstances, practices, and occasions that are accepted in those announcements. Presently this recent setting is given halfway by the Hadith.

On the off chance that the above verse does not help the position of Qur'an, it additionally does not completely concur with the traditionalist perspective. For, the verse plainly demonstrates that the Qur'an sees itself much more finish and independent than the traditionalist Muslims are slanted to think. In the light of this verse it is hard to view Hadith as a second essential or autonomous wellspring of direction/law. It must be viewed as an optional source. It is really strange that those who find Quran complex, they try to refer to 50 other books to understand, thus it is obvious that they will get confuse. It is really difficult to go through all the hadiths without knowing what is inside Quran. It is totally a waste of time and cost. In addition, Allah says that Quran is very simple to understand and learn. It is created based on his creatures’ abilities. There are various ridiculous things in hadiths like whether an individual should sit or stand for drinking water? Then the hadiths are also attributed towards the private life of the Prophet. These people can be described as incredible or blasphemous person who lied against the prophet of God. It could be said that these people are actually against the religion essence which is making the religion more difficult with full of rules and regulations. However, it is clearly stated in Quran that the religion is easier to understand and deal with. Furthermore, Hadiths are an insult to Prophet Muhammad, which are full of blasphemies of Allah and contradictions. According to the verse

“Never would a human being whom GOD blessed with the scripture and prophethood say to the people, "Idolize me beside GOD." Instead, (he would say), “Devote yourselves absolutely to your Lord alone," according to the scripture you preach and the teachings you learn”,

it is clear that the Prophet would never blame God saying that it has developed the heaven and the whole earth is due to his sake and the throne of God is made up of his own light. This saying clearly demonstrates that the prophet would never demand from his people to not to praise God, instead praise him, when it is clearly mentioned in Quran that the praises just belong to the God.

There are various problems and imperfection of Hadith. For instance, the books of Sunni Hadith which was complied around 200 years ago after the death of Prophet were mainly biased on various words of narrators (isnad). It is also said that the narrations were edited many times before its final compilation. Various jurists admit that the narrated words are not the words spoken or interpreted by Prophet. One of the hadith experts named Molana Maudidi, he admits that the prophet’s saying and the sayings found in the hadith books are not essentially the same mentioned in Quran. However, many people that the narrators are humans and thus they have the capability to make mistakes. Thus Quran is the only book that does not have errors and is “Word of the Divine Power”. From this it can be clearly mentioned that Hadith is just a unreliable institution that are filled with contradictions and doubts and have various categories also like “correct” or “sahih”, waek or “daeef”. However there exists no such classification in the verses of Quran. Additionally, the various never-ending wrangling among Shiia and Sunni Hadith has made the Hadith institution completely controversial and suspicious too. The jurist Shiia has never accepted the verses of Hadith books and has rejected the narrators of Sunni Hadiths. If talked about Quran, the sources are just his words therefore there is no contradiction. If Quran would have been prepared by various Gods then definitely there would have been various contradictions. The Quran mainly teaches the individuals if a judgment day comes and all the narrations are brought in front, then the prophet would get disappointed for misinterpreting the messages delivered by him.

The God wants his creators to follow the God’s wordings as guidance towards religious. Quran is nothing but the wordings of God which is full of justice and truth, a beacon and blessing for the individuals who want to submit the Almighty, the Universe Lord. It is nothing but the commandments of God that has to read clearly and thoroughly. This can be understood by the verse

“God has revealed herein the best Hadith; a book that is consistent, and points out both ways (to Heaven and Hell). The skins of those who reverence their Lord cringe there from, then their skins and their hearts soften up for God's message. Such is God's guidance; He bestows it upon whoever wills (to be guided). As for those sent astray by God, nothing can guide them”.

Criticism of the hadith, even the dismissal of the hadith hypothesis upheld by Imam Shafi`i, is definitely not something new. Feedback of it existed from the most punctual times. At the time of Imam Shafi`i, the Mu`tazilite realist school, one of the most punctual Muslim religious schools, propelled two extremely sound contentions to discredit the hadith hypothesis. They expressed that the hadith was only mystery and guess, and that the Qur'an was finished and consummate, and did not require the hadith or some other book to supplement or supplement it. The transmitters were therefore isolated into diverse classifications, for example, 'totally reliable', 'truthful', 'week', "deceptive" and 'obscure', and so forth., despite the fact that there remained contrasts of feeling among researchers about the few transmitters. An alternate grouping was received concerning the progression or generally of a chain of transmission and as to the phase of transmission at which the connection is 'broken'. The third line concerned the quantity of synchronous transmitters at each one stage. As we have seen prior. On these premise Hadiths were characterized into different classifications, for example, 'certified', 'great', 'feeble', 'not extraordinary', i.e. where the association with the Prophet is aberrant.

On the other way round as told in the introduction that there are many individuals who say that Hadith is needed for explaining the Quran. This has created two different fundamentals of Islamic religion; one is to either follow the words of God through Quran or to follow the messages of Hadith (for example Sunnah).There are various types of hadiths like al-Sunan, al-Jawami, al- Taaliq, al- Arbain al- Ilal, al- Mustakhraj, al- Mustadrak, al- Mujam, al- Masanid, al- Mauduat, al- Adhkar, al- Jama and Sharah al- athar. As discussed the Hadiths are nothing but the silent permission, sayings and actions towards disapproval of Prophet’s messages. The Hadith can be termed as the religious duties which are not obligatory. The hadiths are nothing but the recorded sayings of Prophet Muhammad. Thus Hadith can be said to be second to Quran. However, it is not possible to understand or interpret Quran without the help of Hadith and also it is not possible to demonstrate the hadith without linking it with the Quran. The Hadith is nothing but the verbal translation of messages of Quran in a pragmatic way, while Quran is the metaphysical source of Hadith, which is the realistic expression of the precepts that is written down in Quran. According to the saying

“Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, but if you turn away, he (the Prophet) is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to convey Allah's Message) and you for that placed on you. If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger's duty is only to convey (the message) in a clear way”

commanded by Allah himself says that the responsibility of the messenger is to illustrate and explain the messages instead of just communicating it. This narration clearly tells that the significance of Hadith to the Islamic religion. This demonstrates that the one should learn and follows the teachings of Quran through Hadiths. Discussing the significance of Hadith, one must consider two different aspects of the subject. One is the prophet from whom we have heard the term “Allah” or the prophet himself who demonstrated and explained the precepts of Quran. This is because it is clearly known that the Quran is revealed by the Almighty “Allah”. Thus, without the help or illustration or explanations by the Prophet, the Quran would have been misinterpreted and misunderstood by the individuals.

Therefore, the Prophet has taken care for demonstrating and explaining the verses of Quran to his companions, which further helped them to understand and read it clearly. Through this it can be said that the significance of Hadith is mainly aligned with the significance of Quran. For instance, the facts of how to perform the ritual prayer (salah). This is something is been demonstrated by the Prophet not the Quran. This means that the ways of doing prayer or pay zakah or carry out Hajj is being explained by the Prophet. This is being recorded by the Hadith. Thus all these kind of details or information are provided in Hadith not Quran. The exposure of the Quran verses has taken place at crucial junctures in the Prophet’s life. There are various significance and universal application, irrespective of the various contexts revealed about the Quran verses. However, there are many other verses that are interpreted and understood in the context of Prophet which is generally termed as revelation. For example the verse of Surah Aali:

“If any one disputes in this matter with thee, now after (full) knowledge hath come to thee, Say: Come! Let us gather together, our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves: then let us earnestly pray. And invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie”

This example shows that there is a need of reference to understand the various context of Quran. Thus Hadith paraphrases, clarifies and explains the Quran and if Hadith is reject, and then this might lead to misinterpretation of Quran.

Therefore, discussing the importance of Hadith in short, it can be said that the saying and actions of Prophet is mainly based on the Allah’s revelation and thus must consider the basic source as a guidance of Quran. Thus Hadith represents special divine sources. The Quran preservation is not just restricted towards protection of the changing words. Instead it means the manipulation of what human desires. Thus hadith helps to understand the meaning of Quran. Hadith is need for smooth running of the laws as Allah stated that there must be a source to judge the principles that are being carried out in Islamic State. Further, the Prophet was mainly guided by the revelation of his own life, his experiences social interactions and character which became the key examples towards the moral Muslim conduct. As a result, the personal life of Prophet is mainly recorded in Hadith that represents the real code of conduct. The art of narration, compilation and disapproval of hadith was initially unknown to the world before the prophet. Rather, it such reliable science was absent. Therefore, it is the hadith that has helped to deliver the final Islamic message which has actually helped to preserve the originality.

The Quran states that

“Whosoever follows the Blessed Prophet has followed Allah” and also.

“Whatever the Prophet gives you, accept it and whatever he disapproves of, abstain from it”

The verses discussed above, shows that the Allah himself has taken the responsibility of preserving the hadiths. Thus to preserve the hadith, it is important to follow three different types of methods. The first method is the memorization. The second method is the principle of practice and third method is the documentation. Memorization helps to understand the internal meaning of hadith and also help to analyze and link with the Quran. Then the principle of practice is a powerful system that helps the individual to nurture each and every Sunna that is blessed by the prophet. This also helps to adhere to the personal habits in relation to the blessed prophet. Thirdly, the documentation method of Hadith. Some individuals believe that the documentation of hadith was first started in the third century, while some believe that the hadith was well documented in the first century. It is believed that there exist some differences between the recording of hadith at the time of Blessed Prophet and the one which was written after his death. It is said that after he passed away, everyone was not permitted to note down the hadith and people who were allowed to write the hadith had taken the permission of Prophet Muhammad. It is also said that Blessed Prophet had himself allowed the people to write hadith and thus there is no harm in interpreting his verses.

Before concluding the overall discussion, it is really very important to understand that there is a need of hadith to explain Quran. Quran claims that the verses are easy and self-explanatory. It is simple and the meanings of Quran verses are clear. Thus there is no need of external explanation. But then the explanation of prophetic is questioned here. Even the answer to this can be found in the Quran. The versed of Quran reveals two different subjects. One is the Shariah, the doctrinal issues and the Zikr, the advice or lesson. In Holy Quran, it is clearly mentioned that

“And surely We have made the Qur'?n easy for Zikr (getting a lesson) so is there anyone to get a lesson?”

The term “Zikr” signifies the Holy Quran’s simplicity and easiness that relates to subjects concerning general statements of uncomplicated realities including the past or historic events related to the later prophets and nations, their statements about Allah’s bounties towards the mankind, the innovation of earth and heavens, the various cosmological signs of wisdom and divine power, then about the torment in Hell and contentment in Paradise. Thus due to the easiness of the verses mentioned in Holy Quran, and the subjects it deals with makes it easier and also excludes the necessity of Hadith, that can demonstrate the practical and legal implication of various imperatives included in Holy Quran. However, some may still contradict saying that Hadith is not but a simple book that paraphrases, clarifies and explains the verses of Holy Quran. It is center to understand Quran. As, the Quran commands that is necessary to abide by the decisions taken by the messenger, thus the duty of Muslims is to acknowledge the decisions taken by Prophets as the Quran also orders to follow the role model of reckons and messenger.

In conclusion, it can be said that the essay had tried to understand whether there is need of Hadith to understand Quran or not. However, there is no clear answer to questions as many people have different perspective to this, some believe that Quran itself has all the answers and is easy to understand while some believe that without Hadith, it is very difficult to understand Quran, it is in Arabic and if a person is not aware of Arabic properly might misinterpret Quran. From a personal perspective, looking at the overall discussion, it can be said that Hadith can be used for historical standpoint; however it should not be used for the setting up the religious practices.

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