Counterclaim - Definition, Examples, Cases, Processes Essay

There are two sides to every argument: (1) the “claim,” and (2) the “counterclaim.” The foremost is a statement for the party’s point, or argument for something. The second is a rebuttal, or argument opposing the claim. When the parties have made their claims and counterclaims, they introduce the thinking behind their arguments, and current evidence to support those claims. The claim/counterclaim system can be used in order to make points in anything from essays and systematic papers, to litigation. To explore this concept, look at the after counterclaim definition.

Concept of Counterclaim


  1. A claim made to offset another claim in a legal action.


  1. To assert a claim for relief against a celebration that has made an original claim.


1775-1785 English (counter +claim)

What exactly is Counterclaim

In very simple terms, a counterclaim is the opposite of a claim. Into the legal system, when a person (the “plaintiff”) has filed a legal action, helping to make particular claims against the other party (the “defendant”), the defendant must file an answer towards claims utilizing the court. Once it's been done, the process of each party proving his or her own place starts. The counterclaim is just one of the four elements of an argument, including:

  1. Claim – to assert facts that give rise to a legitimately enforceable right or judicial action
  2. Counterclaim – a claim for relief built in opposition to, or even to offset another person’s claim
  3. Reasons – the explanation behind a party’s claim
  4. Evidence – a thing that shows the facts of a claim, or causes a conclusion

Counterclaim Example

Marsha is a busy design consultant for a property décor and renovation business. The woman task often takes the woman from the office to check out clients’ houses and workplaces to formulate a redecoration plan, really choose materials, and also to personally check into the construction or installation. Marsha’s phone is constantly ringing, as she fields telephone calls through the day, despite the woman location. Marsha desperately desires to split her stressful job from the woman individual life, so she tells the woman company, Ralph, that she requires a company mobile. Ralph, thinking only associated with the additional expense, merely says “No.”

Marsha has made the woman claim – asking for a business cell phone.

Ralph has made their counterclaim – responding within the negative.

Now Jane must provide significant and valid reasons why you should convince Ralph that she needs the organization to present the lady with an organization phone. Jane might provide proof the difficulty utilizing her individual phone is causing the girl and her household. Jane’s thinking may include a description of how often clients call the woman phone when this woman is at the woman daughter’s soccer games on Saturdays, when she is sitting yourself down to supper along with her family, or whenever she actually is out on “date night” along with her spouse.

Jane may mention that she gets so many business phone calls that she has must record a business-like greeting for her voicemail, which confuses friends and family, whom think they will have called the woman “at work” by mistake. As proof, Jane can provide Ralph copies of her cell phone task for the past couple of months, showcasing the many company telephone calls she has gotten making.

Inside exemplory instance of counterclaim, Ralph now has to help their refusal to deliver Jane with a company phone. He ought to be ready to offer good, substantiated good reasons for his refusal to provide something that the organization need been paying for all along. This could include proof the business’s incapacity to foot the bill, which the company cannot need Jane to simply take telephone calls on her personal phone.

Compulsory Counterclaims and Permissive Counterclaims

Once a party has filed a civil lawsuit, the protecting party may register a counterclaim against him. Such a claim is aimed directly during the plaintiff for coexisting damages or claims in the same matter, which may provide to minimize the defendant’s liability. Some states have attempted to combine associated things by needing that a defendant file a counterclaim on any issue straight associated with the initial lawsuit. This is certainly a compulsory counterclaim, whilst the defendant must mention any conditions that may counter the plaintiff’s claim, as part of the exact same lawsuit. If he doesn't do so, he cannot make that claim later on in a separate lawsuit.

As an example, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Title III, Rule 13, compels a compulsory counterclaim if:

(a) (1) … A pleading must state as a counterclaim any claim that—at the full time of its service—the pleader has against an opposing party if the claim:

(A) arises out from the deal or event that's the material regarding the opposing party’s claim; and

(B) will not require including another party over who the court cannot grab jurisdiction.

A permissive counterclaim is instituted by a defendant against a plaintiff in a lawsuit, nevertheless the defendant’s claim will not arise through the exact same issue or deal due to the fact plaintiff’s initial claim. Numerous states enable permissive counterclaims, with regards to the material, and how it relates to the first lawsuit. While a defendant is not needed to bring up such problems throughout the present instance, as is the instance in a compulsory counterclaim, if he does, as well as the problem is set by the court as part of the lawsuit ruling, the defendant cannot bring that claim later on in another lawsuit.

Exemplory case of Compulsory Counterclaim

Martin convinces their friend, Adam, to purchase their new ice cream vehicle business. Both enter into a written contract, which specifies that Adam will put in an initial investment of $5,000, which Martin can do the work in getting an ice cream vehicle and stock, which he'll work the truck. Adam agreed to spend another $5,000 in four months’ time for you help ensure the business enterprise is well-funded in its very early months. Sixty times after Adam paid Martin the original $5,000, he discovered that Martin hadn’t bought the truck or stock like he was expected to do, the money is invested. Because of this, Adam backs away, refusing to pay anymore money.

Martin files case in tiny claims court, asking the court to purchase Adam to pay the remaining $5,000 required by the agreement. At trial, Adam argues that Martin hadn’t done the items he was likely to do in line with the business plan, in which he suspected he didn’t want to, which is the reason he previously supported from the deal. The judge rules in Martin’s favor, because the two had a written contract, and Adam hadn’t proven that Martin would not, or couldn't, accomplish most of the necessary tasks the business. Adam is ordered to pay Martin the rest of the $5,000, and contract is stay in complete force and effect.

When Martin had filed his lawsuit, Adam could have filed a counterclaim, claiming that Martin had fraudulently convinced him to get the cash, and asking for their $5,000 investment to be came back. This counterclaim then calls for Martin showing to your court he had certainly been satisfying his obligations based on the agreement, and that he can continue to do therefore. When this occurs, the court will hear the entire situation, from both edges, before making its choice.

A ruling within exemplory instance of counterclaim will probably balance the liability between both sides, with a net judgment being rendered. For example, if the court determines that Adam does certainly need certainly to pay another $5,000, but that Martin had falsely inflated the money required to be able to deceive Adam into offering him $2,000 a lot more than the company required, Adam can be purchased to pay Martin just $3,000.

In the event that pair lived in circumstances of compulsory counterclaim, Adam is required to make this claim within a specific time period after Martin had filed the lawsuit. If he didn't do this, he could not later file a lawsuit claiming Martin had fraudulently induced him to the contract.

Frivolous Counterclaim refused by Court

In 2013, three restricted partners of a failed real estate endeavor filed a civil lawsuit from the basic lovers, whom managed the company. The plaintiffs accused the general lovers of mishandling the company, causing the loss of their $1.9 million investment. Soon after this lawsuit ended up being filed in a fresh Jersey court, the defendant managing lovers filed a counterclaim, suing the restricted lovers for breach of fiduciary responsibility, waste of business funds, and violation regarding the covenant of good faith and reasonable transactions.

The plaintiff partners straight away noticed that the counterclaim was a thinly veiled attempt to manipulate and limit settlement efforts, and filed a motion to dismiss the counterclaim. In counterclaim, the managing partners argued that, by suing them, the restricted partners had been wasting business money, that was eventually regularly protect the lawsuit. The court noted that, while partners frequently owe a fiduciary responsibility to one another inside their business enterprise, such duty is generally imposed on bulk or controlling partner. The restricted partners in Deerhaven LLC had no control of the organization, and so had no fiduciary responsibility to not bring suit against the handling partners.

Within example of counterclaim, the claim had been discovered become frivolous and dismissed by the court. The judge ended up beingn’t through there, but as he sanctioned the managing partners, purchasing them to cover the minority partners’ attorneys’ costs.

Related appropriate Terms and Issues

  • Civil Lawsuit – case caused in court when anyone claims to possess experienced a loss due to the actions of another person.
  • Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealings – A presumption that parties to an agreement will cope with the other person fairly, in all honesty, and in good faith.
  • Defendant – A party against who case is filed in civil court, or that has been accused of, or faced with, a crime or offense.
  • Fiduciary Duty – A legal duty to act in another party’s best interest.
  • Frivolous – One thing of little value, or which has no sound basis actually or law.
  • Plaintiff – somebody who brings a legal action against another person or entity, like in a civil lawsuit, or unlawful proceedings.

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