Comparative Analysis Of Two Novels Essay

Question:

Discuss Dreams and Disillusionment in your two Novels. Consider and Compare how the two Novels Explore the Characters Dreams and their Understanding of How Happiness can be attained in Life.

Answer:

Dreams and disillusionment has been portrayed in two different ways by Kazuo Ishiguro in the book -Never let me go and Sandra Cisneros in the book- The House on Mango Street. Sandra described dreams in a positive way and Kazuo described dreams as something which is buried deep into the heart.

Dreams are the beautiful feeling within oneself that turns to be the future for those who believes them. Cisneros in the book ‘The house on Mango Street’ beautifully portrays a girl who quietly and evidently believes in dreams. Esperanza the lead character of the book who internalizes her parent’s dream of having a white house they had once lived and makes that dream her own. In the first chapter she is seen saying,” This was the house Papa talked about....and this was the house Mama dreamed up in the stories she told us before we went to bed.” (Taken from Chapter- 1; ‘the house on Mango Street’) (Cisneros 2013). This line clearly states how eagerly had she accepted her parent’s dreams. As the story moves forward she as a girl goes through sever changes and tries to figure out who actually is she. She was immature when she called the people coming to the mango street stupid because she was unable to know what exactly the feeling they behold among themselves. Later on she also indulged in the dreams of her parent’s and starts liking the Mango Street (Sultana 2015).

Whereas, in the book never let me go, dream is something that is not for everyone, this fact is gracefully portrayed through a girl Kathy, who was restricted for being a dreamer because she was born to be a carer and was created for donating her vital organs. This is justified by the author when a character of the book Miss Lucy is found saying to Kathy and her friend,” None of you will go to America....as I heard some planning today, your lives are set out for you.” (Taken from Chapter 7; ‘Never let me go’) (Wong, Cynthia and Hulya 2016). This line also states the kind gesture of Miss Lucy who tells the truth to them so that they do not continue dreaming. Kathy in this story was a clone. Clones are unaccompanied in the world; they do not have any past or any future (Rizq 2014).


Disillusionment is often the feeling of dissatisfaction which is due to realization that something is not the way it was meant to be. As portrayed by Cisneros in the house on Mango Street, disillusionment comes when Esperanza’s parents dreams of owning a big house and Esperanza becomes disheartened because she thinks that this dream will never be true. She is so much disheartened that she denies the fact that Mango Street is her home and pledges to have a house of her own. The disillusioned behaviour of her makes her inconsistent and embarrassed. This sentence is clearly justified when the author makes Esperanza say,” I am tired of looking at what we can’t have. When we win the lottery....Mama begins and I stop listening.”(Taken from Chapter -34;’The house on Mango Street’) (Cisneros 2013). Esperanza is disillusioned because she believes that things will never change (Careri 2013).

In the book never let me go, Ishiguro reflects his characters’ unacceptable attitude and ignorance for their fates, the characters of this book are seen to be very much disillusioned about their fates and lives because they never dreamed of having life as a Carer. The story contains horrified content of Kathy’s existence being undefined. The book clearly reflects that Kathy and her friends were born a clone and donating organs were their fate. They cannot refuse to that or question their existence and this is what that makes them more dissatisfied that life was not the way that was worth living. This line is justified when the author in Kathy’s perspective says;” I may think of a completely new approach I could have taken....It’s at that sort of level- daydream stuff.”(Taken from Chapter -10; ‘Never let me go’) (Wong, Cynthia and Hulya 2016). Kathy has already realized that life will be the same way it is but she is fond of daydreaming and thinking that the possibilities of a change are still same. Even after being dissatisfied she continues to day dream as that gave her immense pleasure (Abrams 2016).

It can be concluded that dreams and disillusionment are both connected parts of life. The both authors provide different perspectives by portraying the character in different ways in different situations. The result of failure after dreaming anything turns out to be the disillusionment. The both characters are seen to be disillusioned after their life made them stand before reality. Disillusion made the characters free from thoughts and beliefs that was not worthy of their life.

References:

Abrams, Robert C. "Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go: a model of ‘completion’for the end of life." Medical humanities 42, no. 1 (2016): 42-45.

Careri, Elisabetta. "Home, Streets, Nature: Esperanza’s Itineraries in Sandra Cisneros’ The House on Mango Street." In Landscapes of Writing in Chicano Literature, pp. 13-22. Palgrave Macmillan US, 2013.

Cisneros, Sandra. The house on mango street. Vintage, 2013.

Rizq, Rosemary. "Copying, Cloning and Creativity: Reading Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go." British Journal of Psychotherapy 30, no. 4 (2014): 517-532.

Sultana, Rajia. "The House on Mango Street: Searching for Identity." East West Journal of Humanities 2074 (2015): 33.

Wong, Cynthia F., and Y. H?lya. Kazuo Ishiguro in a Global Context. Routledge, 2016.

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