Community Health Nursing Project Essay

Question:

Describe about the Essay for Community Health Nursing Project.

Answer:

Introduction

This assignment aims to analyze the data and plan for a population living in Oakland, which is has a port and is situated in the West Coast of the United States of America. This population is the seat of government of Alameda County. After collecting the data, it is important to interpret the information in order to identify any significant trends and themes. This work will look for the indicators of an existing or potential health concern or issue in Oakland. It will address the factors that are causing the population under study to become unhealthy or causing death. The analysis will lead to the discovery of community health resources and community health problems of the population living in this particular area. The definitive outcomes or goals for enhancement associated with the health concern will be described. The selection of a primary health prevention topic that will prevent the issue from causing illness in the first place will be discussed. In addition, a strategy will be developed for meeting one health need of the community that is tailored to the needs and strengths of the designated population.

Indicators of an Existing health issue

The individuals of this community are facing the challenges of health issues like exposure to diesel, and air pollution. The major risk in residing in this community is due to the impact of the Chevron Oil Refinery emission as well as diesel Pm emission from the Oakland port. The regional cancer risk potential have revealed that an area of about half a million acres together with almost a populace of three million individuals possess an increased risk of around ten per million individuals (County, 2016).

Factors causing illness or death in the population of Oakland

The factors, which are responsible for causing illness and death in the populations of Oakland, are chronic diseases like stroke, cancer, liver disease, heart disease and Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (CLRD). The death and illness due to chronic diseases tend to occur among the elderly population. In the younger populations, homicide and unintentional injuries are more common (Hoyt, 2013).

Community health problems (Needs)

The individuals living in this community are facing several problems of health and are in need of certain prevention program and specific strategies, which can address their concerns of health and facilitate them to live a health and prosperous life at present and in the future (Mankiw, 2014).

Community health strengths (Resources)

The individuals living in this community have different resources in the form of strengths; the individuals can call a Public Health Community Health Worker, who has been assigned to the district area. They are different health services available to them such as Medi-cal, Healthy Families Program, Child Health and Disability prevention program and Kaiser California Kids Program (Armaline et al., 2014).

Aspects of Health that are not being addressed despite of the involved partners

The aspects of the health concerns that are not being addressed despite of the involved partners include air pollution and exposure to diesel. The government and the other firms have attempted to deal with this issue of health but till now they have not been much successful (Pope & Flanigan, 2013).

Ultimate outcomes or goals for improvement related to the health concern

The ultimate outcomes or goals for improvement related to the health concern involve the reduction of emissions and providing a pollution-free environment to the individuals living in this community (Hoyt, 2013).

The similarities, which are evident between the data that were gathered and the data that were generated, include the issues of health and standard of living in this community. The facilities of healthcare are included in the gathered as well as the generated data. Housing occupancy, rate of population has also been included in both of them (County, 2016).

The differences, which are evident between the data that were gathered and the data that were generated, includes place of birth by status of citizenship. It also includes income and poverty, Educational attainment, age of the homes in the community, transportation in the community, quality as well as safety of streets and footways, neighbourhood hangouts, cleanliness of the community, along with stores and other businesses (Chowdary et al., 2015).

The strengths of this community encompass the health resources that have been provided to this community, which aids to minimize their problems of health and other issues. The government and different other healthcare organizations make constant efforts to address their needs in every possible way (Blank et al., 2012).

The weakness of this community includes the factors that are causing this particular population to become unhealthy, ill or leading them towards death. In addition to this, the different facets of the concern of health are not being tackled in spite of the attempts of the partners who are concerned to deal with their issues of health as well as other problems (Golub et al., 2013).

In this community, the areas which needs improvement includes healthcare, quality and safety of streets and sidewalks, space between the homes and businesses (County, 2016).

Selection of a primary prevention topic

In this community, the health issues are mainly arsing due to the exposure to diesel and air pollution. It is among the top health concerns of this community. Hence, there is a need to prevent this issue from causing illness in the first place because this issue to a much extent has affected the populations (Hoyt, 2013). To address this concern the individuals should know the prevention regarding the harmful effects of air pollution as well as exposure to diesel. The different program of prevention of air pollution as well as exposure to diesel needs to be introduced by the government and the other authorities to address this alarming issue of health of the individuals living in this particular community. The individuals have beared the consequences of air pollution and have developed respiratory and lung diseases. If this health concern will not be taken into consideration and the primary prevention is overlooked, then the individuals will have to bear severe health issues, which could possibly lead them towards death (County, 2016).

Planning

Developing a strategy for meeting one of the health need of the community

Considering the present scenario of this community, it is essential to develop a strategy, which will meet one of the health needs of this community. The strategy involving the management of air quality should be introduced in this community. It will focus on the reduction of emissions from the Chevron Oil Refinery (Joe et al., 2014).

Goals and Objectives of the Project

The goals and objectives of the project plan have been referenced from Healthy People 2020. The populations under study are facing the health issues pertaining to air pollution and exposure to diesel. The goals and objectives of this project are:

To promote health through better evaluation and treatment of the populations living in this community

To prevent the individuals from the harmful effects of air pollution, and provide them education effectively

The populations under study are prone to suffer from the respiratory diseases like asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).The goals and objectives of this project have been aligned in such a way to address the current health needs of the population of the Alameda community. The individuals living in this community will know the prevention regarding the harmful effects of air pollution and exposure to diesel (McClintock et al., 2013).

Implementation plan for implementing the activities

The implementation plan for implementing the activities will involve the programs of awareness and instructing the individuals regarding the benefits of this implementation plan.

Budget

The budget of this plan will be according to the funds provided by the government and other private firms (Mankiw, 2014).

Justification for the project

This project will involve the programs of awareness and instructing the individuals regarding the benefits of the project. It will determine all the possible outcomes of this project effectively. The different program of prevention of air pollution and exposure to diesel needs to be introduced by the government and the other authorities to address this alarming issue of health of the individuals living in this particular community (Joe et al., 2014).

Teaching materials that will be utilized during the execution of the project

The teaching materials such as instruction manuals, audio-visuals and presentations will be provided to the individuals so that they can understand the prevention strategies and could remain informed regarding the ill effects of air pollution in future (Pope & Flanigan, 2013).

Nursing interventions

The individuals should be informed regarding the harmful effects of air pollution and exposure to diesel. The individuals who are affected with air pollution need to minimize the overall burden of disease related with the exposure of air pollution (Mankiw, 2014).

Potential and Public partnerships for implementing the recommendations

The government should join hands with a variety of healthcare organizations or institutions to create effective policies that will serve to enhance the conditions of health of the individuals living in this particular area. The discussed recommendations should be incorporated in the norms and regulations effectively (Joe et al., 2014).

Creating timelines for expected outcomes

This project will be accomplished in 6 months and look for volunteers who can come forward and put their efforts to execute and obtain the expected outcomes.

Conclusion

In the end, it can be concluded that the individuals of this community are facing the challenges of health issues like exposure to diesel, and air pollution. Hence, this project looks forward to assist the community residing in this area and address the concerns of health. The strategy involving the management of air quality should be introduced in this community. If this health concern will not be taken into consideration and the primary prevention is overlooked, then the individuals will have to bear severe health issues, which could possibly lead them towards death.

References

Armaline, W. T., Vera Sanchez, C. G., & Correia, M. (2014). ‘The biggest gang in Oakland’: re-thinking police legitimacy. Contemporary Justice Review, 17(3), 375-399.

Barile, J. P., Reeve, B. B., Smith, A. W., Zack, M. M., Mitchell, S. A., Kobau, R., ... & Thompson, W. W. (2013). Monitoring population health for Healthy People 2020: evaluation of the NIH PROMIS® Global Health, CDC Healthy Days, and satisfaction with life instruments. Quality of Life Research, 22(6), 1201-1211.

Blank, M. J., Jacobson, R., & Melaville, A. (2012). Achieving Results through Community School Partnerships: How District and Community Leaders Are Building Effective, Sustainable Relationships. Center for American Progress.

Cancer Mortality-Printer Version. (2016). Cdph.ca.gov. Retrieved 14 July 2016, from

Chowdary, M., Smith, C., Martin, M., & McCoy, S. (2015). A Convergence of Risk: The Association Between Homelessness, Food Insecurity, and HIV Risk Behaviors in Oakland, CA.

County, H. (2016). Healthy Alameda County :: Community Dashboard :: Coronary Heart Disease Hospitalization Rate. Healthyalamedacounty.org. Retrieved 14 July 2016, from

Golub, A., Marcantonio, R. A., & Sanchez, T. W. (2013). Race, space, and struggles for mobility: transportation impacts on African Americans in Oakland and the East Bay. Urban Geography, 34(5), 699-728.

Golub, A., Marcantonio, R. A., & Sanchez, T. W. (2013). Race, space, and struggles for mobility: transportation impacts on African Americans in Oakland and the East Bay. Urban Geography, 34(5), 699-728.

Hoyt, L. (2013). Transforming cities and minds through the scolarship of engagement: economy, equity, and environment (No. 308 (73)). Vanderbilt University Press,

Joe, D. K., Zhang, H., DeNero, S. P., Lee, H. H., Chen, S. H., McDonald, B. C., ... & Kleeman, M. J. (2014). Implementation of a high-resolution Source-Oriented WRF/Chem model at the Port of Oakland. Atmospheric Environment, 82, 351-363

Mankiw, N. G. (2014). Principles of macroeconomics. Cengage Learning.

McClintock, N., Cooper, J., & Khandeshi, S. (2013). Assessing the potential contribution of vacant land to urban vegetable production and consumption in Oakland, California. Landscape and Urban Planning, 111, 46-58.

Pope, R. J., & Flanigan, S. T. (2013). Revolution for breakfast: Intersections of activism, service, and violence in the Black Panther Party’s community service programs. Social justice research, 26(4), 445-470

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