Communication Group Decision Making Essay

Question:

Analyse the Decision Making Process throughout the annotated bibliography.

Answer:

Introduction

Decision making is shaped by certain behavioral characteristics and individual personality. Biasness is regarded as one of the major obstacle in the decision making process. There are certain factors which lead to biasness in the team. According to me, I think decision making is regarded as a cognitive ability and it is based on certain assumptions. Mr G was made the leader of the group consisting of four members, Mr H, I, J and Mr G himself. He was chosen as the leader of the group after much more chaos in the classroom. The leader who took the responsibility prior to Mr G did not fulfill her duty in an appropriate manner. As a result, the members disagreed with his opinion and they decided to remove him from the position. In a group, biasness disrupts and distorts the objective contemplation which is one of the most important issue in the decision making process. I believe that if an individual understands the biasness in the group, it will affect the decision making process of an individual. In our group, the leaders must use the knowledge and the information effectively which will help them to take important decisions. It is because of this biasness the individuals who are engaged in the group are unable to share the information under various conditions of distributed knowledge. Moreover, this distribution is considered as asymmetric and the entire process is considered as symmetric (Driskell, Radtke & Salas, 2003).

Discussion

The four group members were assigned with an important task. It was seen in most of the cases that two of the group members did not actively participate in the decision making process. The team members were assigned to write a magazine and assist the other students for contributing good articles for the magazine. In our group, effectiveness of the group decision making process was an important concern for the organization. The decision making in group was regarded as much more costlier than individual decision making process. As Mr G was assigned with the responsibility of leading the group, he tried hard to manage all the group members and also motivate other members to write quality articles for the magazines. The information asymmetric mode of the group decision making process helped us in the interaction process within the group and it also influenced the decision making quality in the group. I think there must be a specific type of asymmetry in the distribution of information within the group members. In certain cases, there are specific types of asymmetries in the processing of information which are absent in the group. The prediscussion in the distribution of information helps in the determination of group decision and this can result in the superior decision quality. Similarly, the team leader also carried out important discussions with the management as well as his co-workers to find out important ways to manage the team. There must be some unique ideas which are provided by each member in the organization. This unique information of all the group members forms the total information which must be analyzed in the entire group. The entire situation changes when asymmetric information is distributed among the group members and this has different decisional implications. It has helped our group to focus on the three categories of asymmetric information i.e. discussion bias, negotiation bias and evaluation bias. It has also favored individual learning through group interaction when it is manifested and distributed in certain conditions (Fjermestad, 2004). It has also the team leader in improving the quality of decision when the information is distributed asymmetrically in the entire process. Moreover, I think in a group decision making process there are some basic distinction on how groups are formed and how they exert social influences on the team members.


Mr H and J tried to dissent from their original position and they are motivated by the desire to please other. It is also seen that under informational influence the opinion of the individual and it helps in new learning experiences. The students who were in other teams helped us in choosing the articles which were to be included in the magazine. This has helped in revaluating the preferred decisions in the light of the fresh information. On the other hand, there are certain pattern of social interaction which serves as an exertion of various types of informational influence and thus it is regarded as information pooling.

I think there are certain areas of biasness in the decision making process and this must be taken into consideration. Mr G and J did not agree with the decision made the team members and thus there was chaos in the team. The individuals in the group must act according to their way and thus this will help in reducing heuristics and biasness. However, it was not the same in our group. There are certain stages of strategic decisions which must be taken into consideration and this is considered beneficial in the early years of business. I think the decision makers must have a proper tendency so as to choose the default and standard action among the various possible actions. The heuristic model also shows that there are certain strategies which must be followed by default without any additional information and this is considered to be more optimal in searching the information. It will also help in collecting the accurate information and the cost of this information may be much lower (Fjermestad, 2004). As our team members were assigned with the responsibility of collecting articles and setting up the magazine, the leader, Mr G was put under much pressure. I think there are certain implications for designing the decision making process in the dynamic environment so that it will help to facilitate learning and various kinds of adaptivity (Bartel & Saavedra,2000).

Critical Discussions

It is important to identify the best decisions with accuracy and to check how the alternatives of the various decision making process will help an individual. In the real world, there are consequences whose exact and correct choices are difficult to be known and analyzed. There may be certain level of uncertainty because these processes might be considered as vague at the initial level (Driskell, Radtke & Salas, 2003). I think the rational decision theory which relies on the extensive use of mathematical and logic models will help an individual to identify the answers and analyze them accordingly in the framework. In our team, this type of approach tried to encompass a substantial amount of the various levels of educational content which is easier to test. These rational models cannot help in identifying or assisting the problem. It is necessary to generate various kinds of alternatives and elements of the decision making process must be analyzed before taking any important decisions.

In our team, the relationship between technology and decision making process played an important role in the organization. The impact of the computer mediated communication in the workplace suggests that there must be consistency in organizing the computer oriented communication. As all the four team members did not have adequate knowledge of the software’s and the designing tools which are necessary for the development of the magazine, Mr. G had to face several challenges. The relationship between the satisfaction level and communication must for projected so as to analyze the approaches in different situations. It is necessary to carry out various experiments with the interpersonal and the hyper personal dimensions of the computer mediated communication. The correlation with the act of evaluating the effectiveness and feasibility of the communication system is important in the workplace. In our group this will enhance the clarity and it will help in providing training to other students (Barsade, 2002). The exposure to various kinds of collaborative output in organizing this decision making process will help an individual to complete the task successfully. I think there must be certain interrogative parameters which are to be derived in the decision making process with certain recommendations.


In our group, the team members depend on affective homogeneity and written words and this will become an unlikely outcome in the future. I think the team members must be encouraged by advancement in their knowledge and thus it has a direct impact o the emotional group of people. It is also important to conduct further research by providing a separate framework of emotional influences in the group. I think that when the team members, Mr G, H, I and J communicates with other person in other group, it becomes easier to clear the misunderstandings which has occurred and thus they can work for the development of the magazine. Moreover, I also think that communication helps in sharing the emotions and concerns of an individual. It can make a person happy, supportive and lovable.

Recommendation

Thus, it can be said that the background and experience of the people reveals that there are some biasness in the decision making process. There must be certain important factors are associated in the decision making process of an individual as it includes various risk taking factors. The increasing use of technology in the decision making process will help to reduce the biaseness. The use of technology in the decision making process by removing the human experiences factors are analyzed in various aspects.


Thus, it is important to work with the decision making process and identify the answers that weigh alternatives within the framework. There are certain strategic factors which must be developed by the leaders in the organization and this will help in the strategic decision making process. Therefore, to develop and identify an important cue, it is necessary to accomplish an individual’s expectations.

References

Baltes, B. B., Dickson, M. W., Sherman, M. P., Bauer, C. C., & LaGanke, J. S. (2002). Computer-mediated communication and group decision making: A meta-analysis. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 87(1), 156-179.

Barsade, S. G. (2002). The ripple effect: Emotional contagion and its influence on group behavior. Administrative Science Quarterly, 47(4), 644-675.

Bartel, C. A., & Saavedra, R. (2000). The collective construction of work group moods. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45(2), 197-231.

Brodbeck, F. C., Kerschereiter, R., Mojzisch, A., & Schulz-Hardt, S. (2007). Group Decision Making Under Conditions of Distributed Knowledge: The Information Asymmetries Model. Academy of Management Review, 32(2), 459-479.

Busenitz, L. W., & Barney, J. B. (1997). Differences between entrepreneurs and managers in large organizations: Biases and heuristics in strategic decision-making. Journal Of Business Venturing, 129-30.

Driskell, J. E., Radtke, P. H., & Salas, E. (2003). Virtual teams: Effects of technological mediation on team performance. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 7(4), 297.

Fjermestad, J. (2004). An analysis of communication mode in group support systems research. Decision Support Systems, 37(2), 239-263.

Kelly, J.R., & Barsade, S. G. (2001) Mood and Emotions in Small Groups and Work Teams. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 86(1), 99–130.

Palich, L. E., & Bagby, D. R. (1995). Using cognitive theory to explain entrepreneurial risk-taking: Challenging conventional wisdom. Journal of business venturing, 10(6), 425-438.

Simon, M., Houghton, S. M., & Aquino, K. (2000). Cognitive biases, risk perception, and venture formation: How individuals decide to start companies. Journal of business venturing, 15(2), 113-134.

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