It involves revolutions in digital and genomic sectors dealing with health, healthcare, living and the society at large. It helps in keeping track, managing and boosting our health and that of the society (Kontos, et.al 2014). digital health involves some modes and mobile applications which include telecare and telehealth which involve use of technology to offer medical services, mobile applications help in improving self-care and the use of technology to do consultations have given patients easy access to clinical records and other services needed. Telecare is a form of technology used to increase, maintain and boost functional abilities and independence of people with physical or communication complications; this can include stair lifts, bath seats. It includes use of electronic sensors and aids and this makes home environment safe for people living alone (Information management Association 2016).
Telehealth on the other hand is a means whereby technology and other people’s health services can be accessed by the concerned people or how the people can be provided for at a distance. It can be automated or staffed and it helps in relaying information concerning patients from their residential places to clinician in the hospital and this helps clinical team monitor a patient well and do emergency attendance when need be. Mobile application and online self-care is also used by patients to manage their own health and wellbeing; this is only applicable for lower levels of health need. Telemedicine is also a form of technology which involves use of sensors and electronic communication from one practitioner to the other to help in doing some tests on patients and do clinical management; this can be done through video conferencing between two medical practitioners in different health centers and can be done with or without a patient. It can also be done by a clinician and a patient while doing their consultations. All these allow consultation that enables decisions to be made with or without a patient. These innovations have helped in improving the quality of health, increasing the accessibility channels and reducing cost of travel and can be described better as;
Communication methods, for example, use of computers and smart phones has done a great impact in our society. Its portability and accessibility makes it useful in health sector as it helps in receiving and providing services on daily basis.
The digitized health strategies have helped consumers in remote areas to get medication easily without having to travel for long distances. Confidential documents can be send through a network to patients in remote locations.
Digital innovations have also helped in unifying health care for the patients; this is because their records will be traced in all platforms easily and all information shared among the medical practitioners.
High quality of medical care because it is based on use of protocols which have been proven to be the best, this is achieved by using technology and information to do tests, shorten time of producing results and hence helps in decision making.
Methods of doing digital research
In order to achieve the digital health process, there are methods involved in carrying out the research (Bowling 2014) and they include; data collection and sampling which involved looking into needs of the people and their proficiencies. This helps to know how, where to roll out the electronic health procedures.
Another method is the measurements, which is achieved by taking a survey on how far the people in the area of study can be accessed with internet, this will allow to know how the literacy level. In finding out also how many times or how often do the medical practitioners, the researcher will therefore know the level of need of health improvement (DHM & Duffy 2017).
Measurements is also achieved by looking search strategies to find out which health information can be found on network, also looking at the outcomes to determine how to manage health needs and answer the questions resulting from information got on the internet.
After all the research is carried out, data analysis is then done to determine the components of electronic health and also the factors involved.
From all the research done, the following was found out; high and low literacy groups didn’t differ in gender, when measured with education, the socio-economic status of the high literacy group is relatively high.
Health status is also measured between the literacy groups and there is no difference. High electronic health group has more access to use of computers and internet than those in low group.
Basing on the use of internet information, the high electronic health literacy group is the highest user, but there is no difference in both low and high groups in the use of written materials or live information.
More internet searches are done by the high literacy groups and the use of all these searches and strategies used differed in both groups. People in high literacy groups gained better knowledge of their health, symptoms and even treatment; the information improved their living standards in that they are able to manage their lives and live a healthy lifestyle.
Findings. The degree of electronic health skills improved the digital skills in the health sector and therefore the low literacy group will be affected because of being limited with internet use.
The people in high literacy group are young and more educated and they have more access to the use of internet and other computer applications and by so doing they get more information which is useful to their lives.
Electronic health groups differed in education and age therefore bringing out a great difference on the knowledge of computers and internet.
Health status is viewed in different ways, self –rated health and the chronic unwellness. The self-rated way is well conversant with the digital health but the chronic illness respondents have low skills digitally, therefore there is need for improvement in the low literacy group to enable them get more knowledge on the use of computers and internet hence them in searching for any medical report concerning their health, locating and evaluating information (Lustria, et.al 2011).
The consuming of information has showed inequality among the literacy groups in that the high literacy groups has more benefits than the low literacy groups because they can be able to look for information on the internet and evaluate them, hence great benefits.
These findings however have limitations such as the design of the research which is only based on education about electronic literacy and does depict its effects. The other limitation is that the degree of literacy was not measured but done through perception and use of computer and internet.
The actual findings are based on personal report not actual recording and therefore more research need to be done to achieve actual use of internet and skills on how to use computers.
Conclusion. From the research, we find that there is a great difference between high and low literacy groups I terms of their backgrounds, use of information and the outcome of the information. There is need therefore to educate the low literacy and needy groups so that the gap which has been created by the digital era will be filled.
Digital health is growing at a higher rate and it offers unique solutions to all the medical needs and should therefore be embraced.
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