Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay


How effective is cognitive behavioral therapy in treating stress related disorders?



People react in a different way to the stressful occasions as well as these kinds of responses are contingent upon several elements for example the temperament, which could impact precisely how the stressor is generally thought of. Stress model is one of psychological model that attempt to explain on the behavior that is predispositional vulnerability together with the stress in the life experiences (Antoni, Lutgendorf, Blomberg, Carver, Lechner, Diaz & Cole, 2012). The model serve to explore on how the biological or the genetic traits interact with the environmental influence- the stressor to produce on the disorders. Anxiety alternatively could be non-specific; it is the internal foresight of something, which might occur. Nevertheless anxiety may cause stress an example when someone imagines the effects of getting late. The anxiety ailments usually are prevalent tending to be incapacitating not to mention chronic, with the patience going through distress for countless years. Over the decades, the research has shown that anxiety is multi-dimensional and can occur due to the biological elements such as the increased levels of serotonin (Otte, 2011). Nonetheless, the past research has highlighted that empirical support on the stress model in literature in that anxiety could be hyperactivity in the amygdala areas in the brain that leads to the higher levels of neuroticism and anxiety. Persons, who may have the inclination in relation to neurotism, will probably encounter anxiety problems as well as disrupted energy flows due to stressors (Hofmann, Asnaani, Vonk, Sawyer & Fang, 2012). You can find psychological treatment method as well as interventions that focusses on the cognitive procedures and behavioral responses that make an effort to enlighten on the acquisition or even continuation of anxiety conditions. The aim of the essay is on the literature review would examine on the efficacy of CBT interventions on the therapy of anxiety as well as stress affiliated issues. Additionally, the analysis will certainly look at on the anxiety disorders, and cognitive behavioral therapy.

Literature Review

As outlined by the diagnostic as well as the Statistical Manual of the psychological problems classifies the anxiety problems into three groups they are; the obsessive-compulsive problems, anxiousness disorders land the trauma and stress related disorders (Hofmann, Asnaani, Vonk, Sawyer & Fang, 2012). The anxiousness ailments incorporates confounding variable on the various disorders the sociable phobia, agoraphobia, and separation anxiety disorders. The obsessive-compulsive disorders might lead to the post-traumatic stress problems along with the acute stress disorder. The Diagnostic and statistical guide classifies anxiety highlights dependent on the relationship that exits between the ailments as well as the prospect of comorbidity which can exists between the facet of anxiety , depression and also stress (Beck, 2011). The intent behind the CBT would be to alter the detrimental; the maladaptive believed patterns, along with the behaviour to positive means of coping with the difficulties, which are associated with stress. Therapy is generally non-directive and psychologist challenges the patient on the side beliefs enabling them to build methods to handle of the stress more efficiently in the prolonged period to offer any specific relapse. As per meta-analyses of 267 researches by Hoffman (2012) positioned that the most reliable outcomes were for the anxiety and disorders and normal stress. The research that compared 65 clients were generic anxiety disorder, which were allotted randomly to among the 3 groups (Everly Jr & Lating, 2012).

The current study support the methodology of stress mode that the stressful, which is derived from more than the single factor and intents to, investigates on factors affecting anxiety and stress in individual such as personalities, which may mediates on the aggressive behavior. The independent variable is the age group of the young people and the old individuals of age group between 16-21, 21-24, 32-38, 38-42 and dependent variable was stress and anxiety. On the current studies hypothesis there would be a difference in the stressful scores on the stress aspect in at least to two of the conditions (Everly Jr & Lating, 2012). There was a great stressful to the older people as they showed they experienced more stress as the young individuals have lower stressful score on anxiety.

The design for the study is the experimental research the primary distinction is between the subject in which the subject experiences one level of the independent variable and the approach that the participant experiences to all the levels of the independent variable. Therefore, the participant are tested on one condition (Beck, 2011). The sample size is 200 individuals of one hundred are the young people aged between 16-21 and the old aged between 32-45 years of age. The two-tailed ANOVA would be used because of more than one variable in the study. There are questionnaires that will be used to measure on the stressful level. When filing of the questionnaire each individual should not manipulate information through copying or sharing the information rather should be truthful Otte (2011). The follow-through procedure will occur around 6 to twelve or even 24 months after the involvement and consisted of self-report and clinician rankings.


Antoni, M. H., Lutgendorf, S. K., Blomberg, B., Carver, C. S., Lechner, S., Diaz, A., & Cole,S. W. (2012). Cognitive-behavioral stress management reverses anxiety-related leukocyte transcriptional dynamics. Biological psychiatry, 71(4), 366-372.

Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive behavior therapy: Basics and beyond. Guilford Press.

Everly Jr, G. S., & Lating, J. M. (2012). A clinical guide to the treatment of the human stress response. Springer Science & Business Media.

Hofmann, S. G., Asnaani, A., Vonk, I. J., Sawyer, A. T., & Fang, A. (2012). The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy: a review of meta-analyses. Cognitive therapy and research,36(5), 427-440.

Otte, C. (2011). Cognitive behavioral therapy in anxiety disorders: current state of the evidence. Dialogues Clin Neurosci, 13(4), 413-421.

Southwick, S. M., & Charney, D. S. (2012). The science of resilience: implications for the prevention and treatment of depression. Science, 338(6103), 79-82.

How to cite this essay: