Charge To Fly For Much Longer Distances Essay

Question:

Discuss About The Charge To Fly For Much Longer Distances?

Answer:

Introduction

Drones can be defined as an unmanned aerial vehicle which is commonly known as ‘UAV.' That means that the aircraft flies by itself without passengers and the help of a pilot. Military and commercial drones usually have longer ranges than any of those simple hobbyist planes (Kala, 2016). These two type of drones can be controlled from a much longer distance unlike the R/C craft which can only be flown based on the visual ranges of the pilot. They can also use a single charge to fly for much longer distances. Today, the growing usage of drones has increased and so is their application areas (Roma, 2017). Commercial designed drones are used for delivering packages, and most notably drones have been highly used in surveillance where they are used to monitor and record scenes from the sky (Pappot and de Boer, 2015).

Background to Transport Industry

Ground transport

Ground transport is also referred to as transportation by road or land transportation. It is the movement or shipment of goods and people from one location to another. Road transport is highly used in Australia because of the low population density. Most importantly almost every household in Australia owns a car. This shows how important road transport is for the Australian population.

Water Shipping

This involves shipment of goods and people across water bodies such as seas, lakes, oceans, and rivers through use of vessels such as boats and ships. Transportation through water plays a significant role in the Australian economy as the majority of industrial enterprises are situated along the east of Australian seaboard. Some of the major industry participants are New South Wales and Queensland which provide a destination for cruises.

Aerial-Blimps

A blimp is a dirigible balloon or airship or a steerable aircraft what can easily float because of the gases that are inflated in them which are usually lighter than air. They have no internal structure. When the gas is let out, a blimp losses its way. In Australia and the world, blimps are mostly used in advertising because of the great commanding attentions that they possess.

The Hindenburg Disaster

The Hindenburg disaster occurred on May 6, 1937, at Lakehurst. The disaster led to the death of more than 35 persons. Miraculously, about 62 passengers survived the deadliest disaster. Hindenburg provided a fast means of traveling from Europe to South and North America. It provided luxurious to the passengers, and it used half time of the fastest ocean liners of the time. After research about the cause of the accidents, multiple reports concluded that the crash resulted from an electrostatic discharge that leads to leaking of hydrogen gas (Bain1 and Van, 1999). Drones

Technologically, drones are unmanned aircraft which are mostly referred as ‘UAV’ unmanned aerial vehicles. In the past drones were highly associated with the military as weapon platforms and for intelligence gathering (Boyle, 2015). However, drones are nowadays used even by civilians in many roles such as traffic monitoring, photography and for business purpose.

Ground drones

This is unmanned ground vehicle ‘UGV’ which operates while in contact with the ground and does not require a human controller. They are designed to work in dangerous environments that are unsuitable for human operators

Shipping drones

These are unmanned aerial vehicles that are used to deliver good and small packages from one place to another. Increased commercial use of drones has facilitated the increase of drones in this industry. Some organization such as Amazon has invested heavily in this drones to deliver small packages to customers faster and safely.

Aerial drones

These are Unmanned Aerial Vehicle ‘UAV’ which are aircraft without a pilot. These drones can be controlled remotely by a controller in control station, or they can also fly autonomously on their own (Aerial drone, 2016). These drones have many areas of application, they can be used by the military to launch attacks, and delivery drones are used in delivering goods like they are employed by Amazon.

Drone threats to transport industry

The increased demand and usage of drones can be thought as a threat to the industry of carriage because of the impacts the drones will have to transportation companies which have inadequate capital to invest in drones (Haidari, Brown and Ambikapathi, 2016). However, drones have had an enormous impact on almost all modes of transport. In ocean carrier by use of ships and ferries is not flexible as ports are required for ships to anchor but if drones are used, they can provide more reliable transportation and automatically updating the transportation management system (Tavana, Khalili-Damghani and Santos-Arteaga, 2017). Drones have also taken over the delivery of small packages.

Entrances before Drones

Before drone in Aerial technology unmanned balloons were used. The earliest form of an unmanned vehicle was reported in 1849 when Venice Italian city was attacked by Austrians. Later in 1927-1929 pilotless aircraft was tested which lead to the development of radio controlled target. The radio controlled target let to the development of drones.

In the ground-based technology unmanned car were used. The car was controlled wirelessly using a radio. Later on, the gun-armed tank was developed and was remotely controlled.

The shipping drones is a new technology that is under development and testing, and most of the organizations have not implemented these drones.

Drones have been developed to be used to patrol storage site for example ‘MDARS’ which are used to sense and detect intruders.

Political and Legal Factors

These two environments are the most important aspects of drone industry. They could legalize or ban the use of drones. These two elements are controlled by the government of the particular countries. In the US laws have been developed to prohibit some companies from using drones

The transport industry has become very competitive, and many companies are trying to increase their competitiveness by adopting drones. This is because they want to improve their customer satisfaction. Drones are no longer only used for military purposes but are also used by civilians for commercial purposes.

Drones have less social forces since they are mostly used in businesses. Drones are left for use to the public which raises criticism about the privacy of the people (Rao, Gopi and Maione, 2016). There are laws to protect privacy.

The availability of infrastructure and resources has facilitated the development of drones. Companies and universities have carried out research based on drone development. The developments on drones are expected to increase.

Environmental factors that can affect drones include weather and climatic conditions. These changes in climate can be constructed may be from showers to understand the limits of the particular drones.

Laws governing drones

Some of the laws that guide the drone users not to fly beyond 400 feet, the drones should be flown within sight of the controller, drones are prohibited to be flown over groups of people such as stadiums.

Ground based drones

The laws prohibit the drone controllers from ‘driving’ the drones at night. Drones should also not be controlled beyond the sight of the driver, and the drones should not violate the established ground regulations such as road regulations.

Shipping Drones

According to the proposed laws, people can only be allowed to fly only the registered drones, and they should not weigh beyond 25kgs. This means that the packages should not be large or should not weigh more.

The controller should have a minimum of 17 years and should pass aeronautics test.

International waters and International Airspace

The term international waters apply where water bodies transcend international bounders such as oceans. A country has no sovereignty over international waters. All countries have rights and freedom of navigation (Vacca and Onishi, 2017). While international airspace is the airspace that is not restricted to territorial rules of any country.

References

Aerial drone., 2016. 57. Retrieved from

Bain, A. and Van Vorst, W.D., 1999. The Hindenburg tragedy revisited:: the fatal flaw found. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 24(5), pp.399-403.

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Boyle, M. J., 2015. The Race for Drones. Orbis, 59(1), 76-94.

Haidari, Brown and Ambikapathi., 2016. The economic and operational value of using drones to

transport vaccines. 4062-4067.

Kala, R., 2016. 1 – Introduction. 1-10. Retrieved from

803729-4.00001-5

Pappot and de Boer., 2015. The Integration of Drones in Today's Society. 54-63. Retrieved from

Rao, Gopi & Maione. (2016). The societal impact of commercial drones. 83-90.

Roma, A., 2017. Drones and popularisation of space. 23-30. Retrieved from

ttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.spacepol.2017.01.001

Tavana, Khalili-Damghani and Santos-Arteaga., 2017. Drone shipping versus truck delivery in a

cross-docking system with multiple fleets and products. 93-107.

Vacca and Onishi., 2017. Drones. military weapons, surveillance or mapping tools for

environmental monitoring? The need for legal framework is required, 51-62.

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