The rapidly transforming business and the overall landscape leads to the implication that there are many human resource challenges at present which can continue to evolve for several years to come. This might have been by an increased emphasis on the training and engagement programs or by proper investment in the areas which help in the optimization of the expenditure such as the systems of integrated technology or improved schemes of candidate attraction. Due to the fluctuating economy and also the advancements globally, there are many changes which occur rapidly and this affects the HR in a huge range of issues (Nankervis et al. 2013).
Major Challenges faced by Human resource managers:
Human resource professionals are seen to juggle a wide range of responsibilities from recruitment to retention and everything which is covered in between. The most crucial and important challenges which are faced by the human resource managers are stated as follows:
Attracting the top and best talent:
Attracting and retaining the best talent, takes discernment, time and a whole lot of work. In order to attract the right individuals the requirements of the job need to be known and also the needs of the organisation. Therefore in order to attract the best employees the right requirements of the job and the organisation need to be understood. Based on the job roles and expectations and with the change in them, the organisational culture keeps changing and adapting to the changing times thus making the task of choosing the correct applicants as employees extremely difficult (Berman et al. 2012).
Embracing change with grace and with ease:
Change is considered to be a shifter of shape. It is responsible for influencing the environment, competitors, customers and also the place of work. In case the managerial, structural, technological or procedural work is to be done, it is known from before that the human beings are afraid of change. The fear of unknown is seen to bring about the feelings of uncertainty and anxiety. This is responsible for creating a challenge for the HR professionals. The responsibility of adapting the employees for change is huge which is a challenge faced by them managers. There is also the responsibility for management of the morale of the employees, happiness and cooperation by means and also by constantly up-skilling employees in order to meet the changing requirements of the business (Bolman and Deal 2017).
Developing leaders for the future:
It is seen that not all sorts of teams perform at a similar level and this is because of the leader of the teams. There are many employees who consider leading their jobs due to the poor relationship with the managers who are directly in charge of them. This is serious because the behaviour of the managers has an impact on the people who are under them. Therefore it is necessary for the HR professionals to source proper managers and great leaders. This is difficult to do because grooming employees for leadership positions in future do not work properly as the leaders who are in the making keep leaving their organisation. Hence this human resource challenge is very severe.
Fostering a culture of continuous learning:
At present immense number of people leave their jobs the main reason being the lack of opportunities for development. The idea of training is the best way in which the employees can remain stimulated, engaged as well as loyal. It needs to be ensured however that the idea of training is relevant to the specific jobs. Training needs to take place continuously in order to make the business remain competitive. Therefore the employees do not get bored or irritated easily. They also do not get overloaded or burdened with more work than which they can possibly handle (Helmreich and Merritt 2017).
Globalisation is one of the most important factors which affect every aspect of the business all over the world. There are bound to be employees in every organisation who come from diverse backgrounds and this needs to be considered in the positive sense. The more diverse the employee range, the more the diversity of their opinions, ideas and perspectives. Therefore the concept of diversity needs to be encouraged. This however poses human resource challenges which include the management of diverse cultures in a local team and also the need for creating a workplace which is comfortable, nice, welcoming and also free of any sort of conflict.
There are also other problems which the HR professionals face which include the health and safety standards, which are one of the obvious human resource challenges. These become important for the purpose of well being of the employees. Health in the workplace is not just about the concept of hygiene and safety. At present the psychological well-being of the employees can deteriorate due to high level of demands, limited time frames, tremendous pressure and therefore employees are not capable of producing their best nature of work. It id also not possible to sustain high levels of stress at all times as there are several problems which are to be dealt with simultaneously. Overall there is the need for the HR managers to create a proper quality of employee experience as the amount of staff turnover in fast paced companies is severely high (Briscoe, Tarique and Schuler 2012).
Strategies to address the challenges faced:
For the first issue of the selection of the right candidates it is needed to first sort out the nature and the types of the vacancies which are existent in a specific organisation. The platforms which are most likely to be frequented by the target talent need to be utilized the most. This helps in the attraction of the correct talent. Attracting the right sort of candidates ensures that the screening phase is easier and less tedious. Also at the time of screening of the candidates there needs to be a focus on their fit with the organisation more than with their specific jobs. There needs to be a proper understanding regarding the evidence that the candidates are open to challenges and also with change. The technological capabilities of the candidates also need to be checked along with dealing with their respective feedback. All these criteria if kept in mind helps in the creation of a team of employees who are likely to achieve the training and development of the business and also the business objectives as these transform over a period of time (Brewster 2017).
The solution to the second problem cannot comprise of only one correct answer only. However there needs to be an effort to communicate frequently and n a transparent manner before, during and after specific times of change. There need to be fair warnings on the changes which are to come in order to make the staff well-equipped with the competence they need to show in order to deal with proper amount of change. There needs to be a proper training on the hard and soft skills which they need to cope up with and the change they need to pen themselves to. By means of this the employees are likely to feel much more secure and capable (Bratton and Gold 2017).
The solution to the third issue is that the employees need to be made aware that the management and higher authorities have trust in their abilities and they desire to put them in leadership positions in future. The employees need to be made aware also that they are valuable to the organisation so that they realize their value on the job.
The fourth problem can be addressed by means of providing materials which help the employees understand clearly what they actually need to do. Online training can take place at home or even on weekends at times when the employees are free. This helps them in the understanding of all the developments in their work scenario and they do not feel burdened even if they are given a little bit more of work than they are usually comfortable with doing. The employees in these cases can remain engaged in their training. It is also possible for them to enjoy the flexibility of the consumption of segments of learning which they find to be convenient (Stahl, Bj?rkman and Morris 2012).
Cultural awareness programs help employees in the recognition of the benefits of diversity like better ideas, thoughts and innovations and a wider reach of the customers. There need to be activities of team building which have an effective approach of integration of the employees of different culture and uniting them towards a perspective which is common and for the best interest of all the people concerned.
The ultimate challenge as a whole for the employees is to understand the corporate landscape for the future. With the evolution of industries and technologies all over the world, newer and better informed generations enter the workforce and the procedure of globalisation causes an increase level of competition. The human resource issues of a company have the potential to either make or break a particular organisation. By remaining relevant and by continuous identification and addressing of the human resource challenges, it is possible for the companies to empower the greatest asset the people by means of sustainable succes
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