Comparing the traditional career stages with super’s and Levinson’s stages
In the current situation the case study of Perry had been taken into consideration who is a fifty years old man and is suffering from mid-career crisis.
In this respect, the traditional career stages have been compared with Super’s and Levinsons’s stages.
Traditional career stages
Donald super’s stages
Daniel Levinson’s stages
The exploration phase lasts from 15-20 in which the young people are seen making career choices
This stage lasts for 4 to 13 years of age where children develop their capacities, interests and opinions about the world in general (Wang & Wanberg, 2017)
The pre-adulthood stage phase ranges from the beginning of life and lasts till 22 years of age where one is looking for meaning in life
By 25 people are seen to be sufficiently established by figuring out the right career choices and are enthusiastic enough with their individual job roles
Exploration phase (14-24)
Individual develop an understanding about themselves and learn to find their place in the work
The adulthood stage lasts about 45 where one is still trying to push that extra mile in life
The mid-career crisis starts from the age of 45 onwards as by this time the priorities of an individual are seen to shift
Establishment (25-44 years)
An individual have secured their position in the place of work and is working towards the improvement of the same.
40-45 years of age , experiencing anxiety as well as evaluating one’s choices
The late career phase starts from 55 onwards as by thus time the priorities of a person are seen to be in constant conflict with each other; where one does not want to leave the security of personal life by pushing oneself further into the prospects of making career.
Holding up. Keeping up and innovating
Late adulthood transition
Lasts from 60-65; experiences decline in physical health, feels comfortable in the company of friends
A decline in the career prospects is generally noted from the age of 65 onwards owing to the physical limitations a person is mot able to perform any further (Woods, Gentry & Graber, 2016).
Disengagement (65 years)
Planning for retirement and retirement living
Late adulthood stage
The late adulthood stage lasts from 60-85 years of age. Giving up one one’s formal authority in the place of work
Comparison of career stages
Relating o Neil and Bilimoria career stages with the case study
O Neil and Bilimora suggested a suggested the suitable career stages for women based upon three stages which are -1. Idealistic achievement, 2. Pragmatic endurance, 3. Re-inventive contribution. The idealistic phase is dependent upon establishing self and positively impacting the world (Lytle, Foley & Cotter, 2015). In the pragmatic endurance phase a woman struggles due to managing multiple family pressures. In the re-inventive phase an individual develops a redefinition of career and life.
Impact of gender on a man’s and woman’s career
Gender has been seen to impact the career growth of a man and woman indifferently. The mid life career crisis has been seen to affect the women differently. The women have been see to suffer from pragmatic endurance, where they have been seen to be affected with balancing of multiple family roles which develops a negative attitude towards job from early adulthood such as 35-37; whereas the resentment comes much later in men (Bewley, Bonica, Hernandez & Shewchuk, 2016).
Bewley, L. W., Bonica, M. J., Hernandez, S. R., & Shewchuk, R. M. (2016). Mentorship Mediated by Life-Career Seasons: An Analysis of a Multi-Dimensional Model of Mentoring among Career Groups of United States Army Officers. Global Journal of Management And Business Research,pp. 105-215.
Lytle, M. C., Foley, P. F., & Cotter, E. W. (2015). Career and retirement theories: Relevance for older workers across cultures. Journal of career development, 42(3), 185-198.
Wang, M., & Wanberg, C. R. (2017). 100 years of applied psychology research on individual careers: From career management to retirement. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(3), 546.
Woods, A. M., Gentry, C., & Graber, K. C. (2016). Research on physical education teachers’ career stages and socialization. Teacher Socialization in Physical Education: New Perspectives, 81.