Case Study Analysis: Health And Disease Essay


Discuss about the Case Study Analysis for Health and Disease.



Health refers to being emotionally, physically and socially well not necessarily the absence of a disease. On the other hand, wellness involves having knowledge of and making choices towards better existence. According to Fink (2010), a disease to something an organ has while an illness is something a man has. A disease affects an organism and it could be because of an infection, an injury and so on. Illness best refers to feelings associated with a disease for instance fatigue, distress, discomfort or even pain. However, feelings of illness can be affected by factors that do not necessarily involve a disease such as fears and expectations. Disease and illness are closely related and take place at the same time all the same. Health and wellness rotate around the state of being well.

Traditionally, health has been equated to absence of a disease as it has only been based on biological factors. A person’s life is affected by psychological and environment related factors as well (Fink, 2010).A Biopsychosocial model plays a major role in explaining diagnostic conditions such as depression through identifying the psychological, biological and social factors. In a case of depression, psychological factors such as inability to cope with things, issues to do with being too judgemental and emotional instability may play a role in triggering. Social triggers may include an individual’s environment and the people around you.

Main Issues Arising from the Case Study

Jason has had a lot on his plate, whereby he is the sole provider in the family, and his job is not well paying. He has to cope with the situation because of the expectations from the wife and the son and at the same time deal with the negative energy at his work place. Additionally, his involvement in an accident resulted in physical injuries. Notably, the car accident left the victim with a whiplash injury, which increased the level of difficulty of handling his roles at his place of work. Furthermore, he has to go to work via public means, which he was not accustomed to, and it has not been easy since he has to use the computer for long (Fink, 2010). Jason’s boss as well has not been easy on him. The people around Jason have not made it any easier for him therefore intensifying the situation that could lead to a mental breakdown, trauma or even depression.

For example, his work supervisors felt that he was not eligible to receive the benefits of the workplace cover claiming that the victim had only been involved in a minor injury (Janowski & Steuden, 2011). All these factors constitute to unfavourable environmental and psychological issues that make Jason vulnerable to acquiring diseases. The factors surrounding the subject of the case study are only detrimental to his current state of health. This is because a person has to have conducive elements in their environment to support their health wellbeing. Below is a discussion of the implication that the conditions surrounding the victim have on his illness and wellbeing in terms of his health.

Implication of the Issues

Environmental factors have a large bearing on a person’s health and wellbeing. To begin with, the subject of the case study have a medical issue after suffering injuries in the car accident. This is a major source of stress for him, as he can no longer cope with the demand of his boss at the workplace. Additionally, he has to deal with the demands from his family in that he remains to be the sole provider. This has not made it easy for him to deal with the stressful life he has been living and therefore this has a negative impact on his current state of health. According to clinical research on the relationship between stress and health wellbeing, it is clear that stress influences illnesses and overall health wellbeing negatively. This is because during strenuous times, the body is triggered to produce hormones and chemicals to help the body cope with the stress. This interruption with normal body functioning and the wellbeing of a person.

At the same time, stress is known to reduce the body immunity and therefore will have an impact of the ability of the subject to recover from the injuries caused by the accident. Concerning the bodily functions, stress causes a slowed activity of some of the major processes in the body such as digestion. At the same time, it leads to lowered appetitive therefore reducing the level of nutrition required for the subject to improve their current health. As such, it would be imperative for the subject to have a better environment to support his recovery and wellbeing including that of his mind.

The Relevant Wellness Wheel

The wellness wheel provides a visual representation of the basic concepts required for a person to maintain the optimum health and wellbeing. It lays emphasis on the need to have a balance in life activities and surroundings to promote a continued state of wellbeing. The wellness wheel revolves around the physical, psychological, spiritual and social wellness. These are the particular factors that are requires ion the case study in improving the welfare of the subject and improving their chances of recovering from their injuries (Janowski & Steuden, 2011). Notably, it is imperative that the subject have a better social environment since this has been the major cause of their stress leading to the deterioration of their mental and physical health. The wellness wheel indicates the bio psychosocial factors pertaining to the wellbeing of the Vitim.

The injuries caused by the accident specifically constitutes to biological factors that have affected the wellness of the subject. The harsh works condition combined with the financial struggles that has become worse after the accident represents the social factors. Based on the surrounding circumstances that have surrounded the victim, it is clear that the victim has suffered psychologically (Sutker & Adams, 2002). For instance, his inability to meet the financial obligation must cause stress on a psychological level since he has been the provider for his family. At the same, the victim has been subjected to unfavourable condition at the workplace, which would have an impact on his psychological welfare. All the factors combined have led to a situation where the victim is not bale to be productive, as they would have wished. Due to these factors, it is most likely that his mental wellbeing and recovery process would be affected.

Biopsychosocial Factors in the Case Study

Socially, Jason is worried that he might lose his job as well as his wife if he does not provide their necessities which places him at a risk of stress and illness. This can easily lead to depression which in turn will lead to physical health problems. Psychologically, Jason is at a risk of developing negative thoughts especially about his boss’s opinion about him which will result to depression. Depression cannot cause liver problems but a person prone to depression may abuse alcohol which may result to the damage of the liver. Jason as well has been physically injured after his car accident and to some extent damaged his brain. Interaction between the social, biological and psychological factors determine the cause and outcome of wellness and disease.

Responding to the Issues

Owing to the unfavourable bio psychosocial factors that have surrounded the subject of the case study, it is important that they take an immediate action to remedy the situation. This will come a long way in improving their mental and physical wellbeing. From the analysis of the case study, one of the main issues that have led to an unfavourable environment for the wellbeing of the victim is the fact that he has had to work in a strenuous work environment to provide for his family. Working long hours have not helped the situation and can only contribute to a deteriorated state of health. As such, it would be recommendable for the subject to consider seeking a job that is less demanding.

At the same time, he could encourage his wife to seek employment, as this would ease the financial burden that has fallen on him and which have now become worse due the reluctance of the organization he works for to pay for his insurance claims. In case seeking employment elsewhere is not an option, the subject would find it helpful to discuss with his seniors of the implications of the harsh work environment have had on his wellness (Sutker & Adams, 2002). It would be understandable from the part of the company administrators as one of their roles is protection of the wellbeing of their employees to that they can maintain the desired level of wellness and good health to perform their duties optimally. Another action that would be effective in improving the mental and health welfare of the subject is consulting a psychological expert.

Such a health professional would be placed at the best position in advising him on the best way to handle their current situation. Some of the common advices from psychological expert to such persons is the need to increase their social activities. For example, the subject should find it useful to have more involvement in social activities outside the work and family environment. This is because doing so would help take his mind away from the various bio psychosocial issues that have contributed to the deterioration of his wellbeing (Sutker & Adams, 2002). Exercising would also go a long way in helping the subject improve their health and wellness state.


Fink, G. (2010). Stress consequences: Mental, neuropsychological and socioeconomic. San Diego, C.A: Academic.

Janowski, K., & Steuden, S. (2011). The multidisciplinary approach to health and disease: Selected papers. Lublin: Centrum Psychoedukacji i Pomocy Psychologicznej.

Sutker, P. B., & Adams, H. E. (2002). Comprehensive handbook of psychopathology. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic.

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