2. Explain how the phonetically spelled pronunciation guide aids you to pronounce medical words or phrases correctly.?
3. Describe the major organs within that system, how they work together to perform the major functions of the system, and at least 2 illnesses related to the system.
1. Medical terms consist of three fundamental segments. They are word roots, prefixes and suffixes and the ultimate meaning of the word is obtained based on the combination of these three segments. In this, modifying even a single segment will change entire meaning. Prefix is the segment of the word that is attached in front of the word root in order to alter the meaning. Prefix cannot be found all medical terms. Word root is the core part of the word. Upon addition of prefix or suffix, the meaning can be changed easily. Suffix is the last part of the word root. Vowel combination such as a or o can facilitate the word pronunciation of medical terms (Gyllys & Wedding, 2013).
2. Some medical terms may sound alike but they are generally spelled variously and therefore they possess different meanings. For instance: The meaning of the term phagia (Fay-jee-ya) is swallowing the food and phasia (Fay-zee-ah). Another word, ileum (ill-ee-um) and ilium (ill-ee-um), ileum means a small part in small intestine and ilium means hip bone. The next word is humeral (hyoo-mer-ral) which means pertaining to the bone named humerus and the similar word humoral (hyoo-mer-uhl) which means body fluids such as hormones, lymph, blood etc (Gyllys & Wedding, 2013). Mispronunciation of these words may lead to misdiagnosis of the illness, leading to the wrong treatment.
3. Respiratory system is collection of various major organs which assisting breathing. The chief function of the system is respiration. Lungs, Trachea, Bronchi, Diaphragm are the chief organs of respiration. Diaphragm physically aids in the actions required for breathing such as inhalation and exhalation. Trachea act as an air filter that filters microbes and dust particles in the inhaled air. Bronchi carry the air in and out of lungs. Lungs inhale oxygen and transport it to other organs via RBC cells of blood and received carbon di oxide from other tissues via blood and exhales via bronchi to nose. The two major illnesses concerned with respiratory system are Asthma which is a kind of allergic disorder causing wheezing and shortness of breath and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder due to chronic infection rendering inability to breath (Chin et al., 2013).
Chin, R., Jorden, G., Cheng, S. 2013.Does the Respiratory System Limit Exercise in Mild
COPD?, Available Online: Viewed on 28/3/2015
Gyllys, BA & Wedding ME. 2013. Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach, F.A Davis Publishers, PA.