Business Research Methodology: Climate Protection Essay

Question:

Discuss about the Business Research Methodology for Climate Protection.

Answer:

The purpose of this article is demonstrating the qualitative research that is extremely effective in facilitating the generation of personal narrative of the senior managers of public sectors in New Zealand. Exactly in this article it was laid out the exact method of used for developing theme based narratives from semi structured interviews with the responsible senior managers for the deliverance of the Communities for Climate Protection and the Carbon Neutral Public Service programs in NZ. Since it is a theme based analysis, it indicates the underlying variable related to the subject matter. I have used qualitative study for interpreting the information from the secondary sources. The descriptive design could be used for analyzing the core concept and perspective values of the research subject. Descriptive design helps in observing the subject matter in an accurate way and interpreting the information to extract the core ideas.

Bias is not something counterproductive for research studies and biased studies are not necessarily the constituent of invalid researches. Bias is not something that can be removed from research processes, minus paradigm that the presupposition of removing bias form research studies is the basis of historical and philosophical assumptions that if pushed to their logical conclusion they do not hold any more ground.

In this article Malik is attempting to answer how Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) enhances the value of the firms. It is also searching an exact comprehension of what has been already analyzed and the findings of those searches in relation to the value-enhancing capabilities of CSR. In this research, Malik has attempted at making use of secondary research approach, with literature and instances, for conducting the research. The main literature stream of this research is mostly journal articles, almost all of them peer reviewed.

From this article, two key findings can be extracted: CSR has an important role to play in the enhancement of the firm’s value by the promotion of employee productivity, makings sure of better operating performance, expansion of the product market, improvement of capital market benefits, construction of corporate reputation and strengthening of an organization’s association with the society, regulators and other organizational stakeholders. It was also asserted in the research that organizations align social goals with corporate goals in which CSR is made to use as a strategic tool for maximizing value. The major limitation is that the more intensive investigations are still required, with the help of datasets and empirical models for determining if at all these inconsistencies are a result of methodological issues.

Researchers seek approval from the authorities for conducting research projects in an ethical way. Accordingly they follow some of the guidelines which assists in structuring the research functions sequentially and within time. In any case, if the researcher does not receive the approval from the higher authority it could be negligible since the research would be automatically under the ethical terms and conditions. The author therefore mentioned about the low and negligible risk.

Biasness, inaccurate information, improper analysis and privacy breach are the harms that the authors envisage to be arising via failure of properly considering ethical issues in the application of ethics.

The four principles of ethics are respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence and justice. These principles are applied to research as an obligation of working for the benefits and consideration of those people who get treated unfairly. They are important to make sure the current approach to research is ethical in its assessment. It is important these principles are put to use directly in decision making processes. The principles are meant for respecting human beings, integrity, research merit, justice and beneficence.

The hidden population are the people for whom there is no sampling frame existing and it is potentially threatening if there is public acknowledgment of membership for them in the population (Handcock, Gile and Mar 2014). In Australia, the hidden population are mostly the drug users, alcoholics and the sex workers.

Snowball sampling is a non-probabilistic sampling method which can be also called chain sampling. In researching and reaching the hidden populations of the society, simple random sampling and probabilistic sampling cannot be put to use, snowball sampling would be useful as it would be able to access the population that are generally inaccessible. In this method, the existing study subjects recruit or refer future subjects from their acquaintance (Waters 2015).

However, snowball sampling is subject to a lot of biases. One of them is that only people who are having many friends would be recruited as sample for the study. Moreover, there is no way to get an idea about the whole size of the population. It is not sure how to get an idea how many referrals a single person can have and provide. Therefore, calculation on this front is next to impossible (Robinson 2014).

The purpose of this article is demonstrating the qualitative research that is extremely effective in facilitating the generation of personal narrative of the senior managers of public sectors in New Zealand. Exactly in this article it was laid out the exact method of used for developing theme based narratives from semi structured interviews with the responsible senior managers for the deliverance of the Communities for Climate Protection and the Carbon Neutral Public Service programs in NZ. Since it is a theme based analysis, it indicates the underlying variable related to the subject matter. I have used qualitative study for interpreting the information from the secondary sources. The descriptive design could be used for analyzing the core concept and perspective values of the research subject. Descriptive design helps in observing the subject matter in an accurate way and interpreting the information to extract the core ideas.

Bias is not something counterproductive for research studies and biased studies are not necessarily the constituent of invalid researches. Bias is not something that can be removed from research processes, minus paradigm that the presupposition of removing bias form research studies is the basis of historical and philosophical assumptions that if pushed to their logical conclusion they do not hold any more ground.

References and Bibliography

Birchall, J, 2014, 'Qualitative inquiry as a method to extract personal narratives: approach to research into organizational climate change mitigation', The Qualitative Report, 19, pp 1-18.

Handcock, M.S., Gile, K.J. and Mar, C.M., 2014. Estimating hidden population size using respondent-driven sampling data. Electronic journal of statistics, 8(1), p.1491.

Malik, M, (2015), 'Value-enhancing capabilities of CSR: a brief review of contemporary literature', Journal of Business Ethics, 127, pp 419-438.

Robinson, O.C., 2014. Sampling in interview-based qualitative research: A theoretical and practical guide. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 11(1), pp.25-41.

Wallace, M & Sheldon, N, 2015, 'Business research ethics: participant observer perspectives', Journal of Business Ethics, 128(2), pp 267-277.

Waters, J., 2015. Snowball sampling: a cautionary tale involving a study of older drug users. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 18(4), pp.367-380.

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