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  • In 1954 instance Brown v. Board, Supreme Court ordered integration of segregated US public schools «with all deliberate speed»
  • Brown overturned the segregationist legal doctrine of «separate but equal» established in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
  • Brown held that separate had been inherently unequal

In 1954, in Brown v. Board of Education america Supreme Court reversed policies affirmed almost sixty years early in the day in Plessy v. Ferguson and ordered the integration of America's schools. The older situation had held your Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection could possibly be reconciled with segregation provided that the facilities made accessible to everyone was «equal.» In Plessy, the particular problem ended up being railroad cars, however the broader policy of split but equal had been placed on a variety of organizations, including schools.

But in Brown the Court held that separate ended up being inherently unequal; the means of breaking up one band of kiddies from another sent a harmful message. Inside words of Chief Justice Earl Warren, «to split them from other people of comparable age and skills entirely for their race generates a feeling of inferiority regarding their status locally which could influence their hearts and minds you might say unlikely ever to be undone.» Consequently, the Court stated, America's schools must start the job of integration «with all deliberate speed.»25

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