In this paper we are going to focus on the emerging trend of big data analytics on the two case studies which are undertaken. The case study one focuses on the efficiency and effectiveness of the big data analytics in the field of health care system. The second case study describes the use of big data analytics by the semiconductor manufacturing organization. The focus of the paper is to translate the use of big data analytics by the different sector in the working curriculum of their organization.
The evolution of big data analytics has completely transforms the working structure of the semiconductor manufacturing industry. The use of big data semantics by the organization in their working infrastructure helps in improving the work based environment of the company by detecting the occurrence of the fault, increasing the capabilities by using effective technology, making use of predictive maintenance program, and etc. The technological gaps of the organization can be filled by using the big data analytics environment. The working quality of the enterprise can be improved by exploring the quality of data provided for the development of the quality solution and using the fundamentals of online expertise.
The need of big data analytics is for the semiconductor manufacturing industry because it helps in managing the streamlining process of supply chain in managing raw material according to the demand of the project, coordination between online and offline tools, flexibility in retrieving required information, promotion of the product through the online tools, use of real object virtually, and increasing the decision making capabilities of the manager. The five objectives of the big data which are variety, velocity, volume, value, and veracity helps in improving and adding new capabilities to the existing system. During the initial stages of transforming the working tactics with the big data, company faces many challenge and problems due to the increase of complexity in the designing process of manufacturing product (Osuszek, 2016). Traditionally, the designing of the product was done on the 2D environment but with the inclusion of 3D data analytics The big data analytics is required due to the faster growth of internet of things, mobile device, advanced version of smart device, and inclusion of artificial intelligence system (Weilki, 2013). The capability of the manufacturing can be enhanced by transforming the working environment with the ease of handling big data efficiently. The applicability of the big data analytics in the field of manufacturing semiconductor can be followed the following road map which focuses on 5V model of the big data. It helps in managing the quality and merging of the data application to improve the level of the designing process. The semiconductor device should have the capabilities of handling data required for sensor network as the growth of the technology. The enterprise resource planning helps in updating the manufacturing execution system of the organization (Raghupathi, 2014).
The capabilities of the system can be improved with the inclusion of big data analytics in advance process control system of the enterprise. Advance process control system of the organization is comprised of various terminologies which should be updated with the use of big data analytical platform (Halaweh, 2011). The terminologies of the APC system are fault detection system which is used for detecting anomalies, classification of the fault is used for determining the reason or cause, prediction of the fault is used for the monitoring of the process for analysing the anomalies in the system, deployment of the run to run control for improving the processing power of the system, statistical process control is used for achieving the control on the process, equipment health monitoring tools is used for analysing the working condition of the equipment used for processing, predictive maintenance program helps in providing proactive maintenance, scheduling procedure can be effectively improved with the use of predictive maintenance program, virtual memory is used for handling the sensor data information, and prediction of product manufacturing. The processing scheme of the organization can be effectively managed with the use of big data because it helps in providing dynamic environment to the manufacturing process for improving the functional operation of the organization (Mishra, 2015).
The quality issues of the data can be resolved with the implementation of the big data analytics procedure. The quality of the data is affected due to the inclusion of internal and external factor such as competition in the industries, following of rules and standards, analytical solution, requirement, and etc. These challenges can be effectively resolved by improving the 3D dimension of working. The working capabilities of the semiconductor manufacturing organization can be improved by improving the supervision level, prediction level, correlation in the parameters, incorporation for resolving complexity, and many more (MCKinsey, 2014). The level of supervision can be improved by managing the correlation between dataset and the parameters required for processing, level of prediction helps in forecasting the output of the process undertaken, measuring the functional dependency among the data set helps in resolving the correlation issues which exist in the data set, and others. The study of the given dimensions helps in increasing the capabilities of the different section. The inclusion of principle component analysis helps in analysing the application. The coordination between the big data analytics and APC application helps in focusing on the false of the processes during the supervision of the data, managing correlation between different processes, resetting of the dynamic model, and setting of the time required for the completion of the process. The detection of the anomalies can be effectively done with the help of big data analytics in the process control block of the semiconductor manufacturing industries.
Smart manufacturing of the semiconductor devices can be effectively done by the inclusion of big data analytics in the manufacturing process of the organization (EY Advisory Service, 2014). The effectiveness of big data helps in development of integration policies between the processes related to the supply chain management system, optimizing flexibility in the manufacturing operations, and traceability of the processing program. The inclusion of cyber physical system in the manufacturing processes of the semiconductor devices helps in bringing coordination among the physical resources with the help of computation processes. The virtual environment of the business processes focuses on predicting the faults and the outcome in the process driven program undertaken by the company. The infrastructure of data processing should be completely changed from 2D environment to 3D environment. The capability of the manufacturing can be enhanced by transforming the working environment with the ease of handling big data efficiently (Hajli, 2017). The applicability of the big data analytics in the field of manufacturing semiconductor can be followed the following road map which focuses on 5V model of the big data. The use of big data semantics by the organization in their working infrastructure helps in improving the work based environment of the company by detecting the occurrence of the fault, increasing the capabilities by using effective technology, making use of predictive maintenance program, and etc.
From the study of the given case study on the semiconductor manufacturing industry we are able to highlight the effectiveness of big data environment for handling the business process for predicting the fault and the outcome of the process proactively so that the gaps of the business processes undertaken should be removed before implementation which helps in retrieving the prescribed output without any distraction (Fuzitsu, 2014). The use of dynamic equipment in the virtual environment helps in improving the quality, accuracy, availability, and reliability of the data used in the completion of the manufacturing process. The fault detection and the predictive maintenance features of the big data analytics helps in creating the robust maintenance solution for the company to provide best manufacturing practices. It helps in managing the quality and merging of the data application to improve the level of the designing process.
The case study two focuses on the use of big data analytics in the field of health care centre. The objective of this study is to look on the operational capabilities of the big data to handle the functionality of the health care system with ease and effectiveness. The health care industry is having large volume of data in the form of patient record which has to be kept synchronously so that it can be retrieved by the user at any time and at any corner of the global world. The new technology is required providing the quality output with minimum cost to increase the capability of decision making and helps in providing instantaneous health service to the patient on demand. The complexity of the health care system can be resolved with the implementation of the big data analytics for handling the scheduling of the patient record on the online portal of the application so that it can be fetched by the doctor or the patient according to the requirement. The big data analytics helps in managing the records of the data in the scheduled and the synchronous order. The electronic patient records include the details of previous prescription, including laboratory details, pharmacy, and data related to the insurance policy. This newer technology is helpful in saving millions of life by providing accurate information of the patient at the time of need without wasting a moment of second which is crucial for the life of the patient at the time of emergency.
The expert doctors can also participate through videoconferencing to resolve the serious condition of the patient by studying all the previous reports and prescription of the patient. The need of big data analytics arises for the management of online patient’s health records to handle the situation of emergency by the experts sitting at their respective places and the provided with the immediate treatment which helps in saving the life of the patient. The digitization of the health record helps in managing integration between various hospitals. The early detection of the disease can be possible due to the sharing of experience by the various experts. The records of the patient is managed over the portal throughout the life of the patient so whenever there is a need of older records than it is easy to retrieve through the concept of big data analytics. The consultation from the various doctors can be taken by sharing the reports of the patient by them. The deployment of the big data analytics in the working curriculum of the health care system helps in minimizing the cost spend by the patient on his treatment by managing all the previous records of test and simultaneously consultation from various experts at a time. The availability of statistical data of the patient records open the door for exploring the research area to diagnose the symptoms of the disease predicted in the patient. The knowledge of possible causes helps in taking action to take preventive measures of that particular disease. The research study on the big data is come up with possible solution to resolve the health issue related to the disease. The fraud with the patient records can be easily detected (Accenture report, 2014).
The real time analysis of the large volume helps in knowing the case of emergency and the quick first aid can be provided according to the need of the patient at the destination place. The 4 V’s characteristics of the big data are applied on the health care system. The “Volume” characteristic helps in managing the large data of record of the patient for easy retrieval. The velocity is applied for providing the data on the demand of the user and maintaining the flow of data between the sender and receiver. The variety is applied for accumulated various types of information of the patient at one place. The real time monitoring of the portal provides the information related to the person who is in need of quick treatment. The matching of the old data and the new data can be effectively done with the use of big data analytics. The reliable and accurate information is provided to the user end (CGMA Report, 2011). The visualization techniques can be easily applied for measuring the statistical data. The warehousing of the data can be effectively done with the use of newer technology. The coordination in the management of data helps in avoiding faults in the presentation of the data. The decision making capabilities of the doctors and experts can be increased by the online retrieval of the information. The distributed processing is applied on the data available on different warehouses to get the accurate information of the patient from various sources. The map-reduce technology is applied on the data available on the Hadoop file system for managing big data of the health care system. The implementation of the map-reduce algorithm helps in eliminating the complexity from the data management statistical support. The open source tools are utilized for making the user-friendly environment for the data driven policies.
There are various sources of big data in the health care system which are categorised as internal sources, external sources, multiple geographical location, and multiple distributed application environment. The transformation of the big data into the useful information can be possible with the implementation of data warehouse. Various tools are applied to the transformations of data into useful information such as map reduce protocol in the Hadoop file system environment, zookeeper, avro, hive, and many others (Peristeris, 2011). The accessing of the big data can be done through various applications like in the form of queries, data mining techniques, OLAP system, and generation of reports. The decision support system of the health care depends on the availability of the digital health records of the patient. There are some negative consequences of using big data analytics in the health industry. The success of the big data handling depends on the accurate and reliable retrieval of information from various sources. Privacy is the main concern on managing digital health records of the patient on the network (Rankin, 2015) .The attacker has the possibility to retrieve confidential information of the patient from the digital records (Alam, 2014). The security and the cryptographic approach should be used for securing the private information of the user from data leakages. The lack of using technological equipment in collecting information can cause the problem of accuracy in the data uploaded in the health record of the patient. The accuracy of the information posted on the electronic record of the patient should be verified so that no chance of fraud can occur. The government standards should be followed for managing the ethical laws on the platform of big data analytics associated with the health care centre.
From the analysis of the case studies, it is concluded that big data analytics helps in managing the large volume of data on the network with accuracy and reliability. During the course of action plan, the security concern should be taken under consideration. The cryptographic approach should be used for securing the data on the network to be leaked by the third party. The confidential information of the user should be remaining private. The security procedure should be laid down for the successful implementation of the big data analytics in the working curriculum of the enterprise.
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