Transformational leadership is one of the styles of leadership that is used to motivate the employees and boost them up for better working. The essay here argues the aspect of transformational leadership in the early years. The positive point of early year knowledge is that the staffs learn early with the fresh mind and more curiosity rather than when he actually gets appointed in the organisations. There are multiple benefits that follow the transformational leadership in the early years. Yet there exists the shortcoming of the leadership in early years as well. In the early time period students do not take such an aspect in the serious mode and sometimes the whole influential thing is dependent upon the leader teacher who imparts the knowledge to the students, if the lack of good communication is there the problem is likely to arise. Thus, the essay involves the discussion upon the transformational leadership in early years, its pros and cons and the portion that has been favoured is discussed in detail (Mitigang, 2012).
The essay focuses on the premium definition of leadership followed by the importance of transformational leadership in early years. The transformational leadership has been explained in general and then the focus on early years has been drawn. The positive possibilities are discussed followed by the disadvantages that are attached with the early year leadership. The essay concentrates on the positive portion of the transformational leadership in early years and 5 traits of leadership in early years have been focussed. The distributed leadership has been quoted in context of transformational leadership. Thereafter the characteristics of the leader have been discussed in context of early year learning of transformational leadership followed by the conclusion of the essay for better and clear understanding.
Transformational Leadership in the Early Years
Transformational leadership states that the leader is at the aim to motivate the employees and making them work effectively and efficiently. In transformational leadership style the leader considers the individual strength, weakness, the point of motivation, what inspires the employee and many more factors. The leader measures all the parameters and act accordingly to retain the employee and ensure the growth of an organisation. It is the prime responsibility of the leader to develop the better understanding in context of the organisational activities, policies and procedures (Dunlop, 2008). It is not necessary that the leader is always a manager, leadership qualities has nothing in connection to leadership even the low level employee could be a leader among the peer because of the knowledge, skills and abilities it contains and the manner he/she deals with the things. The transformational leadership is concern about the problem solving and decision making as well. The good leader is one that analyses the problem, studies it and accordingly react upon it with a wise mind. Leadership depicts the quality to solve the issues and deal with the challenges, they are the one that treat dynamism as an opportunity and crack it out into wonders. The decision making quality of the leaders are also appreciated, they evaluate the situation completely and afterwards react to it in a positive manner (Kimberly, 2015). The transformational leader performs these activities to satisfy the employees need and understand the quarrels that are going to happen and take corrective actions accordingly that at last build the trust over the decision making skill of the leader. To be an effective leader no particular degree or qualification is needed. It is the inner zeal and confidence that reflects out when certain situation occurs. Leaders always try to grab the opportunity and take the initiative to make changes, the power resists within the individual only and no particular designation is needed to prove the leadership quality. The power is the positive energy that rests under the leader and such a leader reflects and passes on such positivity to other people as well thereby creating a generous environment and encouraging the employees to work in the authentic and smart manner (Antonakis, 2017).
The transformational leadership in early years is basically the learning that is given to the students of school. The researcher explains that children are made to learn the values and beliefs in the early age so that the decision making skills starts to develop at the early panel only. The leadership in the early years helps in promoting the confidence within the student and the self-analysis takes place which assists in improving the mindset of the students (Zhao et al, 2016). The leadership should be prevalent in the teachers so that they could make staffs learn the skills and abilities that will help them achieve the goal that they have set or finish up their daily task accordingly. The transformational leadership in early years helps the students to learn more and understand better so that the things start to fall in place from the early age only. This also improves the learning of students and led them toward the success (Hawkins, 2017). The equality is taught to them so that they carry the perspective of equal treatment within the organisation and they practice the similar thing when step in the corporate world. Transformational leadership in the early years focuses on the vision that has to be ultimately achieved and in order to attain it the mission is created which is the path to attain the vision (Farmer & Tierney, 2017). The practitioners in the early times must be taught the importance of vision in the company and what all efforts should be made to achieve the goal by retaining the quality and not affecting the quantity as well. They are made to learn about how to stay motivated and reflect the similar zeal and positive energy in the environment (Day, Gu & Sammons, 2016). From the very beginning they are made to work own their own so that they do not get dependent upon anybody and even they are aware of problem solving tricks and take decisions as per the situation. This thing helps them in the upcoming future and by that time they must have come across a lot of problems and could have effectively dealt with it. When the staffs move forward at the organisational level they are well aware of the environment and things they need to incorporate and quickly they will be able to settle down in the corporate world without much pain or issues in context of problem solving and decision making. When such an approach is chosen at the early times there are chances that person grabs the growth early and seek to the better position (Jaiswal & Dhar, 2016).
The researches argues over the negative aspect as well and quotes, since in the early time the mind makeup has to be made and practitioners have the free mindset they cannot handle formal behaviour or carry it to the other level (Aw & Ayoko, 2017). Since they are not currently working in any particular organisation the practical aspect remains a mystery that might create hurdle in understanding the things thoroughly. Some of the other demerits of transformational leadership in early years could also be investigated. The transformational leadership in early years only motivates and make the student learn about the new things and the ethics that are to be followed; they are not made to practice those things so that practical exposure could be gained. The things end up to be intangible and no sought of tangibility are ever achieved (Travis, 2017). Also it is the time consuming session because the teachers and other leader need to put lot of input and invest their time and energy to make student understand the importance of leadership and how the motivational factor works for the employees and other peers. For conducting the sessions to demonstrate the features of transformational leadership there is the requirement of trust and faith in the leader then only the one could be able to grab the knowledge and learning quickly and stick to it till the time of implementation (Gillet, Fouquereau, Huyghebaert & Vandenberghe, 2016). Also another factor that affects the transformational leadership in the early years is that it’s not always the staffs that have to learn or creates trouble in learning and managing new things for their development at times even the leader could be at the faulty position. The leader delivering the knowledge might be good at handling the people and motivating the staff but do not possesses the quality to impart the lectures in an appropriate manner. The leader might not be good at the part of delivering the knowledge and the theoretical aspect but at the own concern they might be better in convincing people and dealing with the mangers and suggesting new and innovative ideas. This kind of problem results in the situation that students are not able to clarify the topic and the conceptual portion gets missed out. The base is not well developed therefore the further detailing becomes worthless as the concept is not clear which will always create the problem (Einarsen, Aasland & Skogstad, 2016).
After analysing both the portion the researcher decided that transformational leadership in context of early years is a beneficial activity. It allows the children to learn more and grow more. It focuses on the succeeding aspect of the child while making good decisions from the early time only. The transformational leadership in the early years involves 5 important traits that need to be known so that the understanding of staff could be developed and monitored so that adequate action could be implemented (Lackey, 2016). First of all in early year leadership it is to be seen that what all are the things that matter to the child and accordingly the analysis could be made and future could be predicted as to which thing could be focussed on to attract the child to learn new thing. The best leader to the child is their parents and they must know the strong point of the child and focus on that point has to be paid so that leadership quality automatically rises up when the person is working in direction of interest or heading towards the career goal (Education .gov.nz, 2017). This will help the staff to learn new things by its own and accordingly they would become responsible and accountable to the seniors they have in an organisation. It is the prime responsibility of the leader to focus on each and every member and construct a swot analysis so that appropriate selection takes place. In this way the deserved person get to achieve something and the one who lack certain quality co-op up with it and training is provided to them so that they could overcome the challenges. Also in the early year leadership the learning becomes easy as the fresh and young mind could easily grasp the things rather than the older mind. When better learning has been acquired the success gets assured and personality of the person gets improvised. When one is educated it is the common practice that they will impart the knowledge to the other as well, this practice is more common in context of the students.
The transformational leadership in early years could be turned other way round by connecting it with the distributive leadership. It is the distinctive leadership that promotes and boost up the inner conscious of the person (Lindon, 2012). The zeal to achieve something is developed in the distributed leadership and such a level of motivation increases the job satisfaction thereby the turnover of employee gets reduced as the leader knows the motivational and satisfaction level of the employees. When the adequate and understanding environment has been given to the employees and their problems are heard and solutions are rendered, also they are helped to accomplish the difficult task this lead to the feeling of security and employee feels engaged with the company therefore the organisational commitment is also achieved (Berkovich, 2016). The researcher states that in the distributed technique that better work could be achieved more efficiently if targets are set and work is distributed in the team. This gives the exposure of the team as well. Working in team is equally important as working individually. In teams the work gets distributed and it consumes less time and all the members of the team move ahead in the single direction following the core goal. The leader teacher need to distribute the projects to the staffs in the group so that they could understand each other’s mindset and accordingly the work could be carried out that involves the collaboration of multiple ideas (Zepke, 2017). If such a task had been completed by an individual the area of knowledge would have been limited. By working in the group the tub of ideas, opinions and suggestions are there and the group need to choose the one best alternative to accomplish the given project. this is what actually happens in the organisations, multiple ideas are collected and one best alternative is selected and this is the criteria of decision making, through this small activity student get to learn about the decision making process. Also while working in the teams there are various people from different backgrounds who come together for the achievement of common goal. Through this the members tries to adjust with each other and accept one another the way they are, in doing so the conflicts also take place and mutually these issues also gets resolved which improves and clarify the concept of problem solving as well. The leader should monitor the working of group and while analysing the new leader or student leader could be attained as the qualities of the people reflects out when they work together. There are varieties of things that the person get to know by others by working into the group, the latent talent pops up and this could prove to be the lien of career for certain students (Leithwood & Jantzi, 2000).
The researcher claims that in the early year leadership, quality could be figured out by looking at certain traits. The transformational leadership consists of certain characteristics that should be focussed on. First of all to be a leader an individual need to have the foresightedness, he/she should be the visionary who studies the external environment and accordingly the actions are taken to crack the opportunity and increase the strength of organisation and the person themselves. These leaders are accountable to the immediate supervisor, to become a leader there is not a need to gain certain position or hold the higher level in an organisation (Kivunja, 2015). The researcher pointed that leadership cannot be learnt; it prevails within the individual from the time they are born, only the efforts need to be made to remove the hesitation and pull out the quality from within the person. Through the better knowledge the mind gets broaden up and this is only the polishing of the person. The leader need to be inspirational, the positive person automatically reflects backs the positivity to the other person and generous environment gets created. The leader should be soft and approachable by the peers and subordinate, he should hold the flexible behaviour so that employees could feel free to contact the concern and seek the valuable advice from the leader (Nayab, 2010). Also, it is highly important for the transformational leader to stay stable and confidential. The disclosure element should be inculcated in the mind of the students from very start so that fellow people do not have the trust issues with their leader. The leader is one who knows about the strengths and weakness of eth members in their team and these should not be disclosed to demotivate the person, instead the efforts and ideas should be given to the individual to overcome the weakness and take it as an opportunity to convert it into strength. For the transformational leader the foremost thing that is highly requires is good communication skills and better interpersonal skills. As discussed earlier the leader might be good at the practical work about the knowledge delivery part lack and this could cause a serious problem to the student as they won’t be getting the base clear (Zhu, Avolio & Walumbwa, 2009). Thus, for that concern the leader teacher and parents need to focus on the communication part of the child so that they could catch the words easily and is able to interact with the team and clearly publish his/her own ideas confidently. In order to motivate the employee as well the need of communication is there and same applies to the resolution of conflict. It could be argued that being the good speaker and the motivator the leader need to have better listening skills as well. For the leader it is important to listen to the problems of people, analyse them properly to reach to the perfect solution. This structure when adopted by the leader helps in increasing people’s trust as well as the self-improvement is recorded and the student turn out to be the successful leader in the upcoming future (Gorman & Gamble, 2016).
Therefore, it could be concluded that leadership is the strong portion in the feature of management. It directs the people and influences them to exercise certain things. Now a day most of the company demands for the leaders who are attractive carrying the good personality and confident in their work who has the power to convince the people in the outer world. The transformational leadership should be taught to the practictioner in the early years because at that point of time they are highly creative and curious to learn. While making them learn new things even the leader gets to learn numerous aspects of positive leadership. At the early years the staffs are enthusiastic to learn and they consist of the visionary mind that could be directed in the appropriate direction towards the success and well-being of the students. In the early years leading is distributed in three portions that is leading others, leading learning and leading the innovation (Early year matters, 2017). It is obvious that in the early year the innovative ideas strike into their mind and zeal to fulfil those goals rises up. For that first of all the transformational leadership has to be understood and thereafter the positive and negative impact of the transformational leadership has been discussed followed by arguing on the positive part of the leadership in early years. Lastly the qualities of the leaders have been explained that need to be monitored and implemented within the person at the early years so that better generation gets ready to achieve the heights.
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