# Applied Mathematics About Modeling Behavior Essay

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## Question:

Write a literature review and methodology of a research proposal in applied mathematics about modeling behavior.

### Literature Review

The behavior of consumer on the consumption of coffee is defined by the previous purchase reactions of the customers. The consumer reaction is the process of researching what the consumer will choose, how they will use it, the reason for the purchase and the disposal of it after the usage (Montana, 2013). According to Kotler et al, he suggested that the behavior of the consumers denote the purchasing behavior of the final consumers (household and individuals who purchase services and goods for private consumption) and thus the combination of the consumers is referred to as consumer market.

But in reality, most individuals shows a distinguishing reactions as well as a psychological character since they are sometimes pretentious by different national culture (Demlert, 2011). Therefore, the behavior of the consumers and their psychology are treated as the most two significant direct elements to effect the buying decision of the consumers (Motori, 2012). Nonetheless, it is simple for the marketers to distinguish the consumer characteristic behavior for the psychological peculiarity. In most cases, it becomes very difficult to tell what the consumer thinks about a given product and why he or she may prefer the product to other supplementary goods. Depending on the part of the world the consumers are, some individuals from a given country will have a different consumption characteristic than others.

A very significant factor which will actually influence the purchase of coffee by consumers is basically how the coffee is graded. Grading will basically speak a lot to the consumers before they make the decision on which type of the supplementary good to purchase. Culture sometimes may influence the decision of the consumer on the good to purchase as well as motivating them on the purchase of a specific commodity (Naftalli, 2012). Most significantly, the culture difference influences the consumer behavior in self-construal.

Another strategic factor which will influence the consumer purchase of coffee is the social group. To be more precise, social group is viewed as a large and formal which entails more connections and individuals (Nkuka, 2011). In the social group, the communication of others about coffee will offer them more information about coffee and make them to either buy it or not. And this will be entirely dependent on the previous encounter with the product. If the pre-purchase of the product impressed the consumers then will talk good about the product (advertise). But if they had the worst encounter then they will even discourage the other consumers from purchasing the products.

Another factor which can influence the purchase of coffee is the marketing strategies. For the marketing strategies, the consumers can switch from a given type of behavior to another. And during this process it only the marketer who fathom which level the consumers are so that the marketers can put and implement some key strategies to attract the consumers to the given product. The marketing mix which is referred to as the 4Ps (price, product, place, and promotion) is a strategy employed by these marketers to attract more potential buyers. And this will be possible with the implementation of the corresponding models 4Cs (communication, convenience, consumer, cost) which is from the consumer’s point of view (Otare, 2014).

### Methodology

The grading of coffee was done in terms of the sizes of the coffee seeds and of different varieties with the smallest sizes being 8 inches and the largest being 20 inches. Some of the varieties which the consumers were exposed to were Mocha, Mundo Novo, pacamara. The consumers who have previously consumed this coffee were allowed to smell these values and give the rating. Because these individuals have a previous taste on the coffee (Montana, 2013). So they will rate them according to their encounter. The rating of the coffee out of 5 were 4.5, 4.5, 4.7, 4.8, 4.8, 4.7, 4.9, 5.0, 4.3, 4.6.

From the above data, we can obtain the average rating of the consumers based on their previous encounter

Rating =

Rating = 4.68

And for another experiment , the consumers were allowed to smell the coffee and give their rating out of 5 and ntheir rating were as below 1.2,1.6,1.9,1.9,2.0,1.5,1.4, 1.4, 1.6,1.7

Rating =

Rating =1.62

The previous grades to customers’ preferences were actually very important and from the analysis above, it is so clear that for the rating of 4.68 indicates that the consumers were actually pleased with the type of the grade they had to have encountered with previously. While for the rating of the consumers of 1.62 illustrates that the consumers did not like the coffee grades. Therefore the previous encounter will hence influence how the consumer will purchase a given grade of coffee in the market.

## References

Demlert, D. (2011). Application of mathematics in real life scenario. London: Wily and sons.

Montana, D. (2013). How to analysis the applied mathematics. Manchester: CRC.

Motori, K. (2012). Applied mathematics: Analysis of data in real life. Havard: Springer.

Naftalli, I. (2012). Grading of coffee: Sizes, varieties, and countries. Hull: CRC.