Anxiety Essay

the research study analyzed this correlation connecting adaptive coping individual elasticity community resilience including the absence of anxiety towards internally displaced survivors. they conducted household interviews among 200 survivors of super typhoon haiyan living in a resettlement area in tacloban city 15 months after they were displaced from their homes. regression analyses further showed that individual including community resilience each uniquely predicted the absence of anxiety among disaster survivors. according to ryan and deci 2000 adaptive coping means defined as the inherent tendency to seek out novel challenges explore determine and extend one's capacities. individuals are able to harness their strengths including skills in order to confront moreover survive their traumatic experiences fernando herbert 2011 this value regarding adaptive coping has been validated against studies among patients dealing including several medical conditions bussing ostermann neugebauer heusser 2010 disasters erode that protecting constituents of individuals and threaten this well-being of both individuals and community. this makes flexibility an essential factor. mainly resilience is defined as every ability regarding an individual or community to cope positively with meaningful and protracted sources regarding stress. it acquires these durability regarding an individual to face shocks and stresses and the capacity to bounce back and recover from perturbation manyena gordon 2014 the individuals acceptance towards presence a strong knowledge that life is essential and the capacity to improvise coutu 2002 area resiliences is usually described as a community's perception to withstand pressure or disruption brought about by external stressors or disturbances and environmental change adger 2000 it validates the significance of interventions that facilitate positive adaptation by helping individuals develop skills that would promote calm a sense of self and community effectiveness connectedness and hope hobfoll et al. 2007 the study applied the conservation of resources cor theory hobfoll 1989 as a frame and found assistance for the importance of internal including external resources in facilitating resilience and emotional well-being. every hypothesis that individual resilience predicts the absence of anxiety among displaced survivors was confirmed. this also assists hobfoll including colleagues 2007 found that positive adaptations lead to positive outcomes. moreover community resilience was discovered to be an important predictor of absence of anxiety among displaced disaster survivors. these insights highlight the importance of community resilience dimensions of leadership collective effectiveness preparation place attachment including social trust as well as their relationship with individual resilience aaronson-daniel lahad leykin cohen goldberg 2015 the cor theory posits that external conditions are an important resource for individuals. as described by markus and kitayama 1991 the interdependent self-possessed characters and opinions that are shaped by connection including the relationship one has with others. thus whatever happens at every community level is more possible to control the individuals efforts to cope with negative events such as disasters. in summary this study used cor theory including identified empirical support for the value of personal characteristics individual resilience and conditions community resilience as predictors of absence of anxiety among displaced disaster survivors. the study also confirmed the relationship among adaptive coping and individual and community resilience. based on some study of the terror management theory self-esteem diminish death anxiety and its effects. the research had also conducted a survey with 520 participants 260 youth and 260 older adults who completed the templer death anxiety scale filipino translation das-ft and rosenberg self-esteem scale filipino translation rises ft results showed that death anxiety and self-esteem significantly differ between the two age groups with adolescent filipinos having a significantly greater death anxiety and lower self-esteem. moreover the results designated that death anxiety and self-esteem are significantly related among filipino youths and older adults including self-esteem explaining 6.7% of the variance. nyatanga and de vocht 2006 recommend that one of the principal causes for death anxiety implies that death is both unavoidable and unpredictable. individuals fail to recognize certain aspects they assemble their own opinions of it and frequently their view of death is negative or destructive. death anxiety is a well-known phenomenon experienced by many lo hales zimmerman gagliese rydall radin 2011 with the common notion that older adults would be more receptive to death anxiety compared to younger individuals considering they are approximately approaching to death. however there are studies that dispute this common notion and have found low levels of death anxiety for older adults amjad 2014; russac gatliff reece spottswood 2007 generally these studies discovered low levels of death anxiety with older adults because of death acceptance. on the other hand the notion about youth having lower chance of death anxiety is proven to be false based on the distinct studies discovered. eriksons 1950 stage of identity vs. role confusion argued that adolescents are tasked to form an identity or suffer role dispersion. they explained that as an adolescent is grappling to establish an identity many possibilities including death are noticed and examined by the young adult. according to robin and omar 2014 when youths witness the deaths of others they think about how it would affect them personally causing them to contemplate it more. in the study the terror management theory tmt aims to understand and to explain the underlying fear of death in humans as a motivational factor in human behavior; examples of these are self-esteem defenses greenberg arndt 2011 self-esteem is commonly defined since the self-worth of an individual moreover confidence to overcome or face any given circumstances. several studies have found that self-esteem decreases as the individual gets older orth robins widaman 2011; robins and trzesniewski 2005; shaw liang krause 2010 on the other hand older adults are said to be wiser based on their experiences in life gaining a huge self-esteem from themselves. while some expect young people to should tremendous self-esteem for their carefree attitude there were studies that showed low self-esteem of youths. orth trzesniewski and robins 2010 suggested that some possible causes of the decline in self-esteem during these years are conflicting role demands increased maturational changes and increasing complexity of different relationships. according to routledge ostafin juhl sedikides cathey and liao 2010 people who possess high self-esteem are healthier including are at lower risk of psychological threats one of which is death anxiety. further they explained that when an individual has high self-esteem one has a sense of doing something meaningful with life that one implies not merely destined to die. thus the study shows that death anxiety and self-esteem are related that is the greater the self-esteem a person has the lower the death anxiety. in each particular setting used in this study the philippines the present study demonstrates that youth as compared to older adults have greater death anxiety and lower self-esteem. thus filipino youth are exceeding responsive to death anxiety.

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