Academic writing: What is a literature review? Essay

Overview of the literary works in a control is not exactly like an annotated bibliography of sources, though an annotated bibliography are a type of literary works review. The purpose of a lit review isn't only to share with your audience hawaii of scholarship about confirmed subject, but also to arrange and measure the major points, components, or arguments of every source.

From the University of Toronto Writing Centre’s Great tips on Conducting the Literature Review:

«A literary works review is a piece of discursive prose, maybe not a list describing or summarizing one bit of literature after another. It's usually a negative indication to see every paragraph you start with the name of a researcher. Rather, arrange the literature review into parts that present themes or recognize trends, including appropriate concept. You are not wanting to record most of the product posted, but to synthesize and evaluate it in line with the directing idea of your thesis or research question.»

A lit review may act as a stand-alone piece or article. As an example, begin to see the test Stand-Alone Literature Review with trainer annotations done in APA style. However, more frequently a lit review is part of a bigger research book: Sample Literature Review within an analytical essay done in MLA style.

Introduction: Explain why this research topic is essential. Outline just what direction your review will need: i.e., what areas of this issue you’re focusing on.

Body: Present your summaries and evaluations of sources in an obvious, rational, and coherent manner. Some options for arranging your review consist of chronological, order worth addressing, two sides of a controversial problem, differences in viewpoint or standpoint. Your review must “read” like a coherent paper, perhaps not an inventory.

Note: Many literature reviews describe only the primary findings, appropriate methodological issues, and/or major conclusions of other research.

Ensure your final variety of recommendations includes all sources you’ve talked about, and use the citation style needed within control.

Don’t offer some information towards procedures utilized in your sources. Don’t mention every study carried out on the subject. Include only the people which can be most relevant with the objective and range of one's review.

  • Determine your central issue, problem, or focus (create a study question or thesis statement)
  • Consider audience expectations. Written down the literature review, your purpose is always to convey towards audience just what knowledge and ideas were founded on an interest, and just what their talents and weaknesses are.
  • Critically read and annotate your sources with your research concern or main issue in your mind. Effective annotations
    • summarize the “gist” or primary tips of this source
    • comment regarding source’s usefulness, relevance, methodology, and/or findings in context of the concern or issue
  • Do perhaps not use a “list-like” approach in drafting your lit review. Instead, organize your data logically to address your research concern, thesis, or main problem. As an example start to see the Purdue University OWL personal Perform Literature Review tips while the Monash University guide to writing a scientific literary works review.

Tip If you’re unsure for the distinction between an annotation that defines the source and an annotation that critiques the origin, start to see the examples on the Memorial University Libraries page "how exactly to compose annotated bibliographies".

  • Look closely at sentence structure
  • Use the active and passive sounds appropriately
  • Reduce or omit wordy, redundant phrases
  • Proofread for typical punctuation and expression errors

For more about literature reviews, including definitions, protocols and guidelines, search methods, and handling citations, start to see the Library's Literature reviews for graduate students.

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