7001ENG Research Methods For Engineers 3 Essay

Question:

Aim:

To write an abstract which describes the important parts of your research plan and to review at least 5 important and journal articles relevant to your research plan. This must be based around extending the research outlined in the journal paper you have selected at the start of the course.

In undertaking this exercise, you must demonstrate the following:

  • A clear title and key words
  • An abstract using the hour glass method of approach as outlined in lectures .
  • Technical knowledge of the research topic and its relevance to society. A brief research plan including a research hypothesis, an outline of the research methods to be used, and the statistical methods needed to prove your hypothesis
  • A literature review of at least 5 references which have been carefully analysed.
  • A correctly formatted list of references.

You must demonstrate an understanding of the lecture material and the workshop feedback given during the course. Obvious inconsistencies with the lecture material will degrade the final score significantly.

The Assessment Plan

  • Project title and four key words relevant to the planned experimental research.
  • A brief research plan including a research hypothesis, an outline of the research methods to be used, and the statistical methods needed to prove your hypothesis

Answer:

Title: The Challenge of Innovation in Highly Complex Projects: What Can We Learn from Boeing’s Dreamliner Experience?

Methodology

Research method

In this part, the researcher presents the method that will be used to collect data. The specific area to cover included the study design, the target population to be involved in the study and the sampling design to be employed in the study.

Information regarding the data collection methods employed by the research, procedures of conducting the research as well as methods used to analyses the data collected based on the hypothesis is presented. The validity and reliability tests are also covered, together with a mention of the ethical consideration employed by the researcher (Lin, 2016). The research design explains how the study will be conducted and more so paying attention to detailed issue that were basically added from the begging of the study such problem faced by Boeing. The main hypothesis is the problem faced by wen handling big projects.

In this regard, the study design used in this research was able to help anticipate the kind of appropriate research decisions which was considered as maximum validity of the overall results. For this research mixed design methods was used because it combines both the aspect of quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative methods has always proven useful in most of the research because it handles the numerical part of the research. On the other and, qualitative methods is important for the research because it presents and adopts the research subject point of view. Most researcher have noted that quantitative methods alone are not enough to assess the variable change in the research (Lindlof, & Taylor,2017). Due to this, using both method shades light on which variable responsible for what change. This was also responsible for explaining the results of the research and finding that is to be achieved. Apart from quantitative methods, the data collection method to be used in the research is questioneeir and sampling methods. The data will be collected from different sources. The first source will be secondary source which include information about the company. The second source is the primary source which include interviewing the current manager and the former employee of the company.

Literature review

Boeing was founded in the year 1916 and from then, the managers of this companies has made it become one of the most successful companies in the world. It is ranked the largest manufacturing companies in the world. In September 26 2011 the company publicly made it to the list of the most fortune company by getting top 500. At this time the company announced the delivery of 787 dream liners transport capacity to its first customers. However, due to technicalities in innovation, this event took place almost 40 months later (Bernard, 2017)). One of the reason why the project took longer to achieve was the fact that the cost of the project seemed very high and could not be meet by the company at that time. Anther difficulties that was faced was the discovery of malfunctioning of some parts that was noticed later in the year. Want cause this discovery was the presence of lithium which was discovered after the project took off. This problem later led to months of grounding that was actually imposed by the federation of administration and it affected the entire Dreamliner fraternity.

Many researchers has shown that the company lacked a well-established framework such as allocation of planners and hiring specialized team to handle their projects. This made the team understand that they needed to add more design cycle to the original plan. This could have been prevented if the company had hired the right personnel for the job (Greenfield & Greener, 2016). They also needed to build more prototype for testing. Some corrective measures that also contributed to delays and higher cost of development were also put in place unknowingly. This may have been avoided if correct design and framework could have been followed.

Most researcher also states that the development of the Dreamliner seemed more complex than the original plan (Klein & Knight,2015)). This is explained by scholars to have been contributed by lack of initial plan at the start of the project. The management team were involved in outsourcing equipment and developing a new models. Due to this the project lacked organizational support, system support and managerial support and that is why it took long. It is also important to note that the interface between the technological innovation and organizational complexity was very important (Shenhar & Zhao, 2016). This integration was to be done immediately after the development of the system. As per the research, the time required for the integration was not put into consideration at the start of the project. This led to underestimate of finishing time of the project. The original time allocation was two months which proved difficult for the entire project collection.

In conclusion, the analysis shown that there are several benefits that the highly complex and innovative may actually benefit when they adopt the contingency. One main lesson from such a project failure is that several project can apply similar contingency to achieve its goal. Researchers can explore different ways to understand the different among innovation.

References

Shenhar, A. J., Holzmann, V., Melamed, B., & Zhao, Y. (2016). The Challenge of Innovation in Highly Complex Projects: What Can We Learn from Boeing's Dreamliner Experience?. Project Management Journal, 47(2), 62-78.

Bernard, H. R. (2017). Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Rowman & Littlefield.

Lindlof, T. R., & Taylor, B. C. (2017). Qualitative communication research methods. Sage publications.

Greenfield, T., & Greener, S. (Eds.). (2016). Research methods for postgraduates. John Wiley & Sons.

Ersavas, B. F., Ersavas, P., & Pekol, S. (2017). U.S. Patent No. 9,829,869. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Lin, F. H. (2016). U.S. Patent No. 9,229,080. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Klein, K. J., & Sorra, J. S. (2016). The challenge of innovation implementation. Academy of management review, 21(4), 1055-1080.

Klein, K. J., & Knight, A. P. (2015). Innovation implementation: Overcoming the challenge. Current directions in psychological science, 14(5), 243-246.

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