4000ENG Research Methods And Statistics 4 Essay


Find a research paper to study and Complete the following information:

  1. Keywords used in search: Six Sigma, competitiveness, excellence, small- and medium-sized enterprise, industrial engineering.
  2. Title of article & number of words in title: Six Sigma Methodology Advantages For Small- And Medium-Sized Enterprises: A Case Study In The Plumbing Industry In The United States.
  3. Journal title and volume number and date: Journal On Six Sigma Methodology Advantages For Small- And Medium-Sized Enterprises: A Case Study In The Plumbing Industry In The United States.


Topic: Development Of Six Sigma Methodology To Improve Grinding Processes: A Change Management Approach In Precision Grinding Services In Chicago USA.


There is an intense competition on the manufacturing environment which has resulted to small business enterprises come up with a drive and strategies for the cost reduction. Basing the fact that there are goals to meet, every company must come up with a plan to accomplish this mission and improve the objectives by using limited available resource. To achieve this goal, companies must integrate six sigma methodology which is an important process in making all there process effective. The paper presents an application of six sigma as used in the North American countries in grinding process. The six sigma team is used to reduce the time and increase sales of the product. The case study selected presents a roadmap using a six sigma process. This also defines an improvement as well as control the entire process (Aldowaisan & Hassan, 2015 pg968). By using the market research, the team quantitatively defines problem, coming up with certain measures as well as supporting data that implements several solution that will results to an increase in the customer satisfaction.

Understanding the process.

The six sigma is a business process that is geared towards improving the wider perspective of the manufacturing field and enhancement of organizational performance. This methodology enables the attainment of defects production. In this study, we explain how six sigma has been developed to provide an integration of grinding in precision grinding services a company based in chicago.

One key important different between the six sigma and their enhancement tools is that the methodology uses a proper measured data and the events as foundation (Pyzdek, 2014 pg432). It provides an intuitive decision and actual solution which is done in a very minimum support that is appropriate and effective to any business and technical work. Most of the engineering organization uses this methodology to improve how they operate. For grinding, the methodology precision basically focus on the identification and correction of the course rather than the issue of effects. It will actually focus on improving the grinding process rather than association individual activities. This methodology also presents certain cultural change that grinding firm may needed to ensure that there is lasting improvements. The drilling firm can use this to streamline the leadership hierarchies as well as management of multiple different functional areas.

Key finding

From the research, it is noted that six sigma has been successfully used in the grinding process in the automotive and manufacturing firms based in chicago. This methodology has be continuously applied to facilitate defect reduction. There is a development of the methodology with linkage of the defined improvement measures.

Research limitation

This development methodology has been implemented in the precision company is complex. So many studies can be done in future to show the effect of using this methodology. This research can also be included to make a better understanding of the use of this methodology. This advancement tool can be used to increase the effectiveness of the change management. Although the, methodology is basically meant to design and improve the permanence of the company, its complexity may take time to understand (Albliwi & Antony, 2015 pg435). It is considered a discipline of management strategy which is characteristics by suing a machine based methodology.

Practical implications

Based on the fact that the grinding process was successful done using the six sigma methodology, the approach can be used to do something else in a different industry. The grinding process is one of the major benchmarks of the six sigma methodology in Chicago. The challenges faced during the process can be solved by keeping it simpler to the users. In the research, the researcher has not treated the six sigma with much detail as it should be treated in the grinding industry. The entire process has not even dealt with the grinding process. To make its usage better, most of the research has not treated the field focused but as used DMAIC and this does not provide a change management approach (Reosekar & Pohekar, 2014 pg465). The improvement phase suggest that the team should analysis solution and should prioritize through their methods. This grinding exercise proved the areas such as safety and the sales plan capacity and accuracy. The first section was actually to implement a monthly review of the product to be produced. According to the analysis, each and every grinding analysis were given codes. This actually improves the process forecast and allowed a better production.

Research method and plan

To carry out this research the researcher will use both quantitative and qualitative method to conduct the research. The data collection method to be used is sampling and questionnaires. This method is effective because a large number of participants will be captured.

Results and discussion

A review of eh literature done between 2006 and 2010 shows that sigma characteristics uses ISI web of science and the database from Google scolders. Database. This results was applied to grinding


The case study presents an exploration of a case study of a project that was done in one of American companies. This stimulates an understanding of process improvements with six sigma methodology. It shows how the project team used to develop a solution for a better customer delivery on critical grilling product category. Through a quantitative definition of the problem, the method was able to measure a direct and an indirect indication by use of a statistical tool which is used to analyze the data and implements the corrective actions that helps in time decrease.

Project analysis

Who are the authors of the article?

The article is written by industrial engineering in west the branch of Islamic study.

Research question:

Can six sigma methodology be used to make grinding process easy as well as save time for the entire process?

Research hypothesis

Using six sigma methodology reduces the grinding time and the cost of grinding as opposed to other methods.

My own research question and interpretation

How the six sigma methodology be used to a simple and more efficient grinding methods?

Hypothesis: six sigma plays a key role in large scale grinding process.

Null hypothesis: most grinding firms lack a better personnel who can make the entire process simple and manageable.


Reosekar, R. and D. Pohekar, S., 2014. Six Sigma methodology: a structured review. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, 5(4), pp.392-422.

Albliwi, S.A., Antony, J. and Lim, S.A.H., 2015. A systematic review of Lean Six Sigma for the manufacturing industry. Business Process Management Journal, 21(3), pp.665-691.

Albliwi, S., Antony, J., Abdul Halim Lim, S. and van der Wiele, T., 2014. Critical failure factors of Lean Six Sigma: a systematic literature review. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 31(9), pp.1012-1030.

Lande, M., Shrivastava, R.L. and Seth, D., 2016. Critical success factors for Lean Six Sigma in SMEs (small and medium enterprises). The TQM Journal, 28(4), pp.613-635.

Aldowaisan, T., Nourelfath, M. and Hassan, J., 2015. Six Sigma performance for non-normal processes. European Journal of Operational Research, 247(3), pp.968-977.

Pyzdek, T. and Keller, P.A., 2014. The six sigma handbook(Vol. 4). New York, NY: McGraw- Hill Education.

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